Under Bhutanese law, the act of committing suicide is itself not illegal, but abetting a suicide is regarded as a crime. The suicide rate has been most prevalent amongst Bhutanese refugees, who tend to be of Nepalese origin, as unemployment, lack of family ties and depression ensue.
The suicide rate of Bhutan is 16.2 per 100,000. This figure ranks the kingdom as the 20th-highest suicide rate in the world, and 6th highest in the Asia-Pacific region.
The above figures were based on 2011 data. Since, the number of recorded deaths has increased by around 50% for the years 2012 and 2013, which clearly places the Himalayan Kingdom among the countries with the highest suicide rates in the world. Bhutan is currently rated at number five in the Asia Region. While no clear indications are given for the country's high rate of suicide, lack of job opportunities, an extremely high percentage of broken families and a high rate of domestic violence are considered to be major contributing factors.