Suifenhe

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Suifenhe
绥芬河市
County-level city
Suifenhe is located in Heilongjiang
Suifenhe
Suifenhe
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°09′E / 44.400°N 131.150°E / 44.400; 131.150Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°09′E / 44.400°N 131.150°E / 44.400; 131.150
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture-level city Mudanjiang
Township-level divisions 2 towns
Municipal seat Suifenhe Town (绥芬河镇)
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Elevation 464 m (1,522 ft)
Population
 • Total 100,000
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 157300
Area code(s) 0453
Website suifenhe.gov.cn
Suifenhe
Traditional Chinese 綏芬河
Simplified Chinese 绥芬河
Postal Map Suifenho

Suifenhe (simplified Chinese: 绥芬河; traditional Chinese: 綏芬河; pinyin: Suífēnhé), is a county-level city in southeastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located situated where the former Chinese Eastern Railway crosses the border with Russia's town of Pogranichny, Primorsky Krai. In January 2014 Suifenhe became the only Chinese city in which trading with Russian Ruble is allowed.[1] The city shares its name with the Suifen River, and is under the administration of Mudanjiang City.

Suifenhe and the surrounding border areas were scenes of vicious combat when the Soviet Union invaded Japanese-occupied Manchuria in August 1945.

Geography and climate[edit]

Suifenhe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very cold, but dry winters, and warm, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperatures range from −16.6 °C (2.1 °F) in January to 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +2.86 °C (37.1 °F). Precipitation is light in the winter, and more than 2/3 of the year's precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 44% in July to 64% in January and February, the city receives 2,413 hours of bright sunshine annually, with the latter half of winter being especially sunny.

Climate data for Suifenhe (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
1.1
(34)
11.2
(52.2)
18.2
(64.8)
21.9
(71.4)
25.0
(77)
24.3
(75.7)
18.9
(66)
11.3
(52.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−8
(18)
8.9
(48)
Average low °C (°F) −21.5
(−6.7)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.4
(39.9)
10.0
(50)
14.6
(58.3)
14.0
(57.2)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−2.8
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.9
(0.232)
7.8
(0.307)
11.9
(0.469)
26.6
(1.047)
53.9
(2.122)
96.3
(3.791)
113.3
(4.461)
105.5
(4.154)
67.7
(2.665)
39.9
(1.571)
15.2
(0.598)
9.8
(0.386)
553.8
(21.803)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.1 6.8 8.2 9.6 13.0 15.6 15.2 14.1 10.7 8.7 7.9 7.9 123.8
 % humidity 66 63 57 53 59 77 82 82 75 62 62 66 67.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 182.1 188.5 229.9 216.4 236.5 211.2 206.3 203.4 206.9 206.1 169.2 156.7 2,413.2
Percent possible sunshine 64 64 63 54 52 46 44 47 55 61 59 57 54
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Suifenhe administers two towns:[2]

Transport[edit]

The train station on the opposite side of the border is Grodekovo, in the town of Pogranichny, Primorsky Krai. As of December 2009, Russian train schedule sites show the existence of the passenger train no. 401, making the 26-km trip between Suifenhe and Grodekovo twice a week; however, the twice-a-week trains no. 006, KhabarovskHarbin, and no. 967, Vladivostok–Harbin only have a scheduled stop in Grodekovo and not in Suifenhe.[3] Suifenhe is also a terminus of both G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and China National Highway 301, which run northwest to Manzhouli (Inner Mongolia), which is another China–Russia port-of-entry.

Environmental issues[edit]

The Environmental Investigation Agency conducted an investigation in February 2008, in the illegal logging of Russian wood, which was taking place in Suifenhe. The main supplier of the wood, Wal-Mart, has recently acknowledged that the practice in Suifenhe is illegal, under Russian law, and has committed to end all illegal sales of wood in six years.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chinese border city gives green light to use of ruble". rt. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:绥芬河市" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  3. ^ Russian train schedules site. One can search e.g. by entering "Grodekovo" as a station name, obtaining results like this: http://www.poezda.net/en/station_timetable?st_code=2034464&forDate=08-12-2009 The through trains from Khabarovsk and Vladivostok may in reality be just single cars, or groups of cars, attached to a train terminating in Grodekovo, and then passed on to the Chinese railways.
  4. ^ The New Yorker. "The Stolen Forests." Oct. 6, 2008.