|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Township-level divisions||2 towns|
|Municipal seat||Suifenhe Town (绥芬河镇)|
|• Total||460 km2 (180 sq mi)|
|Elevation||464 m (1,522 ft)|
|• Density||220/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Suifenhe (simplified Chinese: 绥芬河; traditional Chinese: 綏芬河; pinyin: Suífēnhé; Wade–Giles: Sui-fen-ho), is a county-level city in southeastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located situated where the former Chinese Eastern Railway crosses the border with Russia's Primorsky Krai. The city shares its name with the Suifen River, and is under the administration of Mudanjiang City.
Geography and climate
Suifenhe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very cold, but dry winters, and warm, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperatures range from −16.6 °C (2.1 °F) in January to 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +2.86 °C (37.1 °F). Precipitation is light in the winter, and more than 2/3 of the year's precipitation occurs from June to September. The city receives 2,413 hours of bright sunshine annually, with the latter half of winter being especially sunny.
|Climate data for Suifenhe (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−10.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−21.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||5.9
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||6.1||6.8||8.2||9.6||13.0||15.6||15.2||14.1||10.7||8.7||7.9||7.9||123.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||182.1||188.5||229.9||216.4||236.5||211.2||206.3||203.4||206.9||206.1||169.2||156.7||2,413.2|
|Percent possible sunshine||64||64||63||54||52||46||44||47||55||61||59||57||54|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
The train station on the opposite side of the border is Grodekovo, in the town of Pogranichny, Primorsky Krai. As of December 2009, Russian train schedule sites show the existence of the passenger train no. 401, making the 26-km trip between Suifenhe and Grodekovo twice a week; however, the twice-a-week trains no. 006, Khabarovsk–Harbin, and no. 967, Vladivostok–Harbin only have a scheduled stop in Grodekovo and not in Suifenhe. Suifenhe is also a terminus of both G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and China National Highway 301, which run northwest to Manzhouli (Inner Mongolia), which is another China–Russia port-of-entry.
The Environmental Investigation Agency conducted an investigation in February 2008, in the illegal logging of Russian wood, which was taking place in Suifenhe. The main supplier of the wood, Wal-Mart, has recently acknowledged that the practice in Suifenhe is illegal, under Russian law, and has committed to end all illegal sales of wood in six years.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suifenhe.|
- "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：绥芬河市" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- Russian train schedules site. One can search e.g. by entering "Grodekovo" as a station name, obtaining results like this: http://www.poezda.net/en/station_timetable?st_code=2034464&forDate=08-12-2009 The through trains from Khabarovsk and Vladivostok may in reality be just single cars, or groups of cars, attached to a train terminating in Grodekovo, and then passed on to the Chinese railways.
- The New Yorker. "The Stolen Forests." Oct. 6, 2008.