Suket State

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Suket State
सुकेत
Princely State of British India
765–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
History
 -  Established 765
 -  Independence of India 1948
Area
 -  1931 1,088 km2 (420 sq mi)
Population
 -  1931 58,408 
Density 53.7 /km2  (139 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Suket State was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The capital of the state was Sundar Nagar. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 April 1948. Currently, it is part of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The present-day Mandi district was formed with the merger of the two princely states of Mandi and Suket.

History[edit]

According to tradition the predecessor state was founded about 765[1] by Bira Sen (Vir Sen), claimed to be a son of a Sena dynasty King of Bengal. The early history of Suket was marred by constant warfare against other principalities, especially against the Kingdom of Kullu. At the time of Raja Bikram Sen Kullu was under the overlordship of Suket State and was reduced to paying tribute to Suket. Raja Madan Sen's reign was the golden age of Suket, when its ruler reduced into submission the neighboring smaller states. During the reign of Raja Udai Sen Suket came under the influence of the Mughal Empire who were content with merely exacting tribute.

At the time of Raja Bikram Sen II, Sukket survived the invasion of the Gurkhas of Nepal (1803 to 1815) and the ensuing brief period of Sikh dominance thanks to the Raja's diplomatic skills. In 1845, when war broke out between the Sikhs and the British, the Rajas of Suket and Mandi took the side of the British, signing a Treaty of Alliance in Bilaspur in 1846. In the same year a sanad was granted to Raja Ugar Sen II confirming him and his heirs in the possession of the Suket territories.[2]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Suket bore the title 'Raja'.[3] The clan name of the royal lineage was 'Suketi' or 'Suketr'.[4]

Ranas[edit]

  • 1663 - 1721 Jit Sen (d. 1721)
  • 1721 - 1748 Garur Sen (b. 1693 - d. 1748)
  • 1748 - 1762 Bhikam Sen (d. 1762) (Aghan invasions)
  • 1762 - 1791 Ranjit Sen (d. 1791)
  • 1791 - 1838 Bikram Sen II (b. 17.. - d. 1838)
  • 1838 - 1876 Ugar Sen II (d. 1876)
  • 1876 - Apr 1878 Rudra Sen (b. 1828 - d. 1886)
  • 1878 - 1879 Arimardan Sen (b. 1863 - d. 1879)
  • 29 Mar 1879 - 27 May 1908 Dasht Nikandan Sen (b. 1865 - d. 1908)
  • 29 Mar 1879 - 1884 Munshi Hardyal Singh -Regent
  • 27 May 1908 - 12 Oct 1919 Bhim Sen (b. 1885 - d. 1919) (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Bhim Sen)
  • 13 Oct 1919 - 15 Aug 1947 Lakshman Sen (b. 1895 - d. 1970)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Princely states of India
  2. ^ Mark Brentnall, ed. The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire: Himachal Pradesh. p. 94
  3. ^ Suket Princely State (9 gun salute)
  4. ^ B. R. Beotra, ed. Gazetteer of the Suket State. (1927)
  5. ^ Princely states of India

Coordinates: 31°32′N 76°53′E / 31.53°N 76.88°E / 31.53; 76.88