Sukhoi Superjet 100

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Superjet 100
Air-to-air photo of a Sukhoi Superjet 100 (RA-97004) over Italy.jpg
Sukhoi Superjet 100
Role Regional jet airliner
National origin Russia
Manufacturer Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association
Design group Sukhoi Civil Aircraft
First flight 19 May 2008[1][2]
Introduction 21 April 2011 with Armavia
Status In production, in service
Primary users Aeroflot
Interjet
Produced 2007–present[3]
Number built 83[4]
Program cost US$ 1.5 billion[5][6]
Unit cost
US$ 35.4 Base; 36.2 LR million[7]

The Sukhoi Superjet 100 (Russian: Сухой Суперджет 100) is a modern fly-by-wire regional jet with 8 (VIP)[8] to 108 (all Y) passenger seats.[9] With development initiated in 2000, the airliner was designed and spearheaded by Sukhoi, a division of the Russian civil aerospace company (UAC), in co-operation with several foreign partners. Its maiden flight was conducted on 19 May 2008. On 21 April 2011, the Superjet 100 undertook its first commercial passenger flight, on the Armavia route from Yerevan to Moscow.

Designed to compete internationally with its An-158, Embraer and Bombardier counterparts, the Superjet 100 claims substantially lower operating costs, at a lower purchase price of $35 million.

The final assembly of the Superjet 100 is done by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association. Its SaM-146 engines are designed and produced by the French-Russian PowerJet joint venture and the aircraft is marketed internationally by the Italian-Russian SuperJet International joint venture.

Development[edit]

Development of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 began in 2000.[10] On 19 December 2002, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and Boeing signed a medium-term Cooperation Agreement to work together on the design. Boeing consultants had already been advising Sukhoi on marketing, design, certification, manufacturing, program management and aftersales support for a year.[11] On 10 October 2003, the technical board of the project selected the suppliers of major subsystems.[12] The project officially passed its third stage of development on 12 March 2004, meaning that Sukhoi could now start selling the Superjet 100 to customers.[13] On 13 November 2004, the Superjet 100 passed the fourth stage of development, implying that the Superjet 100 was now ready for commencing of prototype production.[14] In August 2005, a contract between the Russian government and Sukhoi was signed. Under the agreement, the Superjet 100 project would receive 7.9 billion rubles of research and development financing under the Federal Program titled Development of Civil Aviation in Russia in 2005–2009.[15]

International participation[edit]

Components Supplier Country of origin
Landing gear Messier-Dowty / Canada France France / Canada Canada
Landing gear / Wheels / Brakes Messier-Dowty / Goodrich Corporation France France / USA USA
Main engines PowerJet France France / Russia Russia
Hydraulics / lines Parker Hannifin / Parker-Ermeto USA USA / Germany Germany
Flight control systems Liebherr Aerospace (Lindenberg im Allgäu) Germany Germany
System software Thales Group France France
Cockpit systems / Auxiliary gas turbine / Avionics Honeywell / Thales Group USA USA / France France
Fire extinguishing system Autronics USA USA
Electrical system Hamilton Sundstrand USA USA
Marketing / Consulting Boeing USA USA
Capital participation Alenia Aermacchi Italy Italy

[16][17]

Flight testing[edit]

On 28 January 2007, the first SSJ was transported by an Antonov 124 from Komsomolsk-on-Amur to the city of Zhukovsky near Moscow for ground tests at Zhukovsky Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute.[18] A representative of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft announced on 13 November 2007, the completion of static tests necessary for conducting the first flight. The Superjet was unveiled at its official rollout at Komsomolsk-on-Amur Dzemgi Airport on 26 September 2007.[19]

Mostly blue aircraft on take off.
Superjet 100 prototype on its maiden flight, 19 May 2008.

In February 2008, initial test runs of the SaM146 engine were successful.[20] An Ilyushin Il-76 testbed, operated by the Gromov Flight Research Institute, was also used in the engine testing.[21] On 19 May 2008, the first test flight of the Superjet took place from Dzemgi airport, at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association.[2]

On July 2008, testing continued successfully.[22] By October 2008, the first stage of Sukhoi Superjet 100's factory-based flight testing program was successfully completed. The second SSJ100 prototype had also been flown and the certification process was started.[23] In December 2008, the second of four SSJ100 prototypes SN95003 took to the skies.[24] The aircraft performed standard stability and handling quality tests as well as systems checks in accordance with the first flight assignment. Flight test engineers and pilots were pleased with the overall performance of the second prototype.[25]

The deliveries were first scheduled to begin in late 2008, and Sukhoi predicted that 3 units of all variations of the Superjet 100 would be delivered by the end of 2016.[26] On 7 July 2008, Sukhoi officially confirmed that the original schedule was too optimistic, and first deliveries would begin in December 2009.[27][28]

As of January 2009, the first two aircraft had completed over 80 flights, totaling around 2,300 hours in flight and ground tests.[29] On 1 April 2009, two Superjet 100 prototypes, 95001 and 95003, successfully completed the first long-distance flight for this aircraft, covering a distance of 3,000 kilometers from Novosibirsk to Moscow.[30] On 17 April 2009, EASA pilots performed the first test flights on the two prototypes. According to EASA pilot feedback, the aircraft was easy to fly.[31] On 26 July 2009, the third of four SSJ100 prototypes (SN95004) flew.[32]

At the Paris Air Show 2009, Malév Hungarian Airlines said that it would purchase 30 Superjets worth $1 billion, providing a welcome boost to sales as it made its international debut at the 2009 Paris Air Show.[33]

Sukhoi Superjet 100 at Tolmachevo (Novosibirsk) airport during test flights.

As of June 2009, 13 aircraft were under construction with the first four scheduled to be handed over to clients by the end of 2010. After 2012, the company will build 70 Superjets per year.[33] Armenian Armavia would receive the first two aircraft, followed by Aeroflot, which has ordered a total of 30 aircraft with an option for 15 more. Other customers include Russia's Avialeasing company, Swiss Ama Asset Management Advisor and Indonesian Kartika Airlines.[33]

On 29 December 2009, United Aircraft Corporation head Alexei Fyodorov said that deliveries of the Superjet 100 have been indefinitely delayed because the engines were not ready.[34] On 4 February 2010, the fourth prototype SSJ flew. Owing to delays in production of the engines, including quality problems at the NPO Saturn factory, it used the engines removed from the first prototype.[35] On 28 May 2010, all engine tests necessary for certification were completed. The final trial was a simulation of an encounter with a flock of birds.[36]

Flight management system (FMS) tests were completed on 19 November 2010. The FMS CMA-9000 was developed by Canada's Esterline CMC Electronics for the Thales avionics suite.[37]

Certification[edit]

One of the aircraft’s SaM146 turbofans

On 6 July 2010, Deputy Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov, who heads the commission to monitor the implementation of the Sukhoi Superjet program, wrote to Industry and Trade Minister Viktor Khristenko about the progress of the aircraft's certification in early June. Data from 28 May 2010 showed that the certification process was getting behind schedule with most of the problems related to the SaM146 engine, developed by PowerJet, which is a joint project between the Russian Saturn and the French Snecma. Work on its final design had been almost completed and certification was more than 90 percent completed, but problems remain, noted Manturov.[38]

In September 2010, the CEO of SuperJet International said that certification was expected in November 2010.[39] In October 2010, the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SN95004) passed noise testing carried out under the auspices of Russian and European certification authorities (AR IAC and EASA respectively).[40] On 4 November 2010, the first production Superjet (SN95007) intended for Armavia was test flown.[41]

By November 2010, the SSJ test fleet had flown 2,245 hours during 948 flights.[42]

Ground rig for evacuation slide testing

On 21 December 2010, Superjet 100 passed emergency evacuation and interrupted takeoff tests at Ramenskoye Airport near Zhukovsky, near Moscow, under the supervision of the Interstate Aviation Committee Aviation Register (AR IAC) and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The first test required 98 volunteers of different age groups and five crew members to evacuate the aircraft in 90 seconds during an emergency landing. They made it in 73 seconds. The interrupted takeoff test probed the wheels, tires and brakes at maximum possible braking speed. In full compliance with the certification requirements, the test was performed without a thrust reverser. The aircraft loaded to its maximum takeoff weight (45,880 kg) performed emergency braking at a speed of over 300 km/h and came to a stop after running 700 meters, within the required parameters.[43]

On 3 February 2011, the Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC IR) granted a Type Certificate for Sukhoi Superjet 100.[44] The Type Certificate confirms compliance of the SSJ100 with the airworthiness regulations and it authorizes the commercial operation of the airliner.

On 3 February 2012, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) issued Type Certificate A-176 for the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (model RRJ-95B), confirming that the aircraft complies with the EASA airworthiness and environmental requirements. The certification also makes it possible for airlines operating in countries using EASA rules to accept and operate the aircraft. The extensive validation program included several dedicated flight and ground tests.[45]

Design[edit]

Requirements[edit]

3+2 standard cabin seating of the SJ100

In the Russian domestic market, the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ) is intended to replace the aging Tupolev Tu-134 and Yakovlev Yak-42 aircraft.[46] Internationally, the new Superjet 100 will compete against the Embraer E-Jets and the Bombardier CRJ programs. The SSJ aims for lower operating costs than its competitors for the price of $23–25 million.[47] According to Sukhoi, ongoing certification tests confirmed that the aircraft's direct operating costs are 6–8% lower than those of its key competitor, the Embraer 190/195.[48] In terms of total fuel burn per sector, the SSJ is on a par with the Antonov An-148 but can accommodate 22 more passengers.[48]

The aircraft's design meets the specific requirements of airlines in Russia, the CIS, the USA and the EU, and conforms to the Aviation Rules AP-25, FAR-25, JAR-25 requirements and to the ground noise level requirements under ICAO Chapter 4 and FAR 36 Section 4 standards entering into force during 2006. From the beginning, the SSJ has been designed to meet all Western aviation standards.[49]

The Superjet uses PowerJet SaM146 turbofan engines developed by PowerJet that provide 60 to 78 kilonewtons (13,000 to 18,000 lbf) of thrust.[50] The noise and emissions levels satisfy the existing ICAO requirements.

Industry participation[edit]

The joint-venture PowerJet produces the SaM146

The Superjet 100 has been described as the most important and successful civil aircraft program of the Russian aerospace industry.[51] It enjoys considerable support from the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade, which regards it as a top priority project.[52] Excluding the SaM146 engine, development of the Superjet 100 cost about $1.4 billion, with 25% of this amount funded from the federal budget.[53] The Superjet 100 is the first new civil non-amphibious jet aircraft developed in post-Soviet Russia.[54]

Over 30 foreign partnership companies are involved in the project. Development, manufacturing and marketing of the aircraft's SaM146 jet engine is being done by the PowerJet company, a joint-venture between the French Snecma and Russia's NPO Saturn. SuperJet International, a joint venture between Alenia Aermacchi and Sukhoi is responsible for marketing in Europe, the Americas, Africa, Japan and Oceania.[51]

Assembly line for the SSJ100

The assembly line for all versions of the Superjet is located in the facilities of Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO) in the Russian Far East, while Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association (NAPO) focuses on component production. The two companies have been heavily investing in upgrading of their facilities and were expected to produce 70 airframes by 2012.[51]

List of companies[edit]

Orders and deliveries[edit]

Orders and deliveris of this plane:[58]

Date Airline EIS
Superjet 100–95 / SBJ Option Delivered Notes and references
22 November 2005 Russia JSC Finance Leasing Company 2012- 10 retailer
7 December 2005 Russia Aeroflot 2011–2016 30 10 26 (-10)[59] Light versions with only two lavatories were substituted after precisely one year of use to full modifications. Most were sold to Center-South and Red Wings airlines.[60]
14 September 2007 Armenia Armavia 2011 2 0 1 (-1) airline bankrupted [61][62]
15 July 2008 Russia UTair Aviation (via Vnesheconombank) 2012–2014 24 16 5 produced, payment difficulties
5 December 2008 Indonesia Kartika Airlines 2012–2014 15 15 bankrupt [63]
17 June 2009 Russia Gazpromavia 2013- 10 7 [64]
21 August 2009 Russia Yakutia Airlines (via Russian JSC Finance Leasing Company) 2012- 2 2 2 [65]
21 May 2010 Laos Lao Central Airlines 2012- 3 6 1 solved financial difficulties,[66]one of 3 produced delivered[67][68]
21 November 2014 Thailand Orient Thai Airlines for the use of Thai King's detachment 2014–2015 3 12 - -
21 July 2010 Bermuda Pearl Aircraft Corporation 2012- 30 15 status unknown [69][70]
2 September 2010 United States Willis Lease Finance 2012- 6 4 retailer, status unknown [71]
17 January 2011 Mexico Interjet 2013- 20 10 12 [72][73][74][75][76]
21 June 2011 Indonesia Sky Aviation 2012–2015 12 3 bankrupt [77]
22 June 2011 Italy Blue Panorama Airlines 2013 8 4 bankrupt [78][79]
18 August 2011 India Aviotech TBD 10 10 status unknown [80]
19 August 2011 Russia Moskovia Airlines 2013 3 2 3 (-3) bankrupt [81][82]
16–21 August 2011 Russia Yamal Airlines TBD 10 [83]
16–21 August 2011 Tajikistan Tajik Air TBD 2 2 [83]
9 October 2011 Switzerland Comlux 2014 2 2 [84]
21 June 2012 Russia Transaero 2015-2017 6 10 [85]
23 May 2013 Bahrain Aerolease 4-5 retailer [86]
17 June 2013 Russia Ilyushin Finance 20 retailer [87]
27 August 2013 Russia Rosoboronexport 1 1 [88]
27 August 2013 Russia Sberbank-leasing 20 retailer [89]
28 August 2013 Lithuania AviaAM 5 [90][91]
14 July 2014 Kazakhstan Bek Air 2015-2016 7 [92][93]
8 September 2014 Russia Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia) 2016-2025 8 [94]
29 October 2014 Belgium VLM Airlines 2015- 2 12 [95][96]
8 December 2014 Russia President airforce SLO Rossia 2015 2 [68]
Total: 262 132 56 (-14)

Timeline[edit]

  • August 2005 at MAKS-2005 – Finance Leasing Company and Sukhoi Civil Aircraft sign a sales contract for 10 aircraft of the new RRJ family for $262 million.[97]
  • December 2005 – Aeroflot signs the contract for the delivery of 30 Sukhoi Superjet 100s, thus becoming the program's launch customer. The total deal is valued at approximately $820 million.[98]
  • December 2006 – Sukhoi Civil Aircraft wins a $170 million order from Dalavia Far East Airways.[99]
  • May 2007 – Aeroflot and Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company announces the signature of the Letter of Intent to purchase 15 aircraft of Sukhoi Superjet 100 family. Earlier, Aeroflot had already signed the contract for delivery of 30 SSJ-100s. According to the letter, the airline will purchase 15 SSJ100/95s in basic configuration with deliveries to start in May 2011. The airline also holds an option for another five aircraft of the family. The deal amounts at over $400 million.[100]
Top view of mostly blue twin-engine small jet airliner parked on ramp next to building.
The first Superjet 100 on display at Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
  • September 2007 – Armavia signs a multimillion-dollar agreement to buy four SSJ-100-95LR Superjets for regional flights.[101]
  • July 2008 – Avia Leasing acquires 24 Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft in basic configuration with an option for 16 additional aircraft on the second day of the 2008 Farnborough Airshow. The order has a total value of over $630 million.[102] Order firmed at Paris Airshow on 16 June 2009.
  • July 2008 – SuperJet International announces an order by an undisclosed renowned European customer for a fleet of 20 new Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft valued at approximately $600 million.[103]
  • 5 December 2008, Jakarta – Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company and Kartika Airlines sign the Heads of Agreement for 15 Sukhoi Superjet 100s and another 15 optional aircraft. The order is valued at $448 million. Kartika Airlines is the first SSJ100 customer in Southeast Asia.[104]
  • 17 June 2009, Paris Airshow – Gazprom orders 10 Superjet 100 aircraft.[105]
  • May 2010 – Laos-based newcomer Phongsavanh Airlines plans to launch services in 2012 and buy three Sukhoi RRJ95 SuperJet 100s.[107]
  • 19 July 2010 – Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and Indonesia's regional carrier Kartika Airlines sign $951 mln deal on 30 SSJ100s.[109]
  • 20 July 2010 – Orient Thai Airlines to buy at least 12 Superjet 100s from Sukhoi.[110]
  • 1 September 2010 – Aeroflot announced that as part of its plan to order additional domestic aircraft it planned to purchase an additional 10 aircraft in addition to its 30 prior orders.[112]
  • 2 September 2010 – SuperJet International signs agreement up to US $300 million.[113]
  • 24 November 2010 – Thailand's Orient Thai Airlines announced the purchase of 12 Sukhoi Superjet-100/95Bs civilian aircraft.[114]
  • 17 January 2011 – Mexico's third largest airline Interjet signed a $650 million deal for 15 Sukhoi Superjet-100 civilian aircraft, with an option to purchase five more.[115] It is the North American launch customer and is the first and, so far, the only airline of the Americas to order a Sukhoi Superjet 100.
  • 3 February 2011 – Sukhoi Superjet 100 obtained IAC AR Type Certificate
  • 19 April 2011 – The first production aircraft was delivered to Armavia, celebrated with a ceremony in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
A close up of the nose section
  • 9 October 2011 - Comlux becomes the launching customer of SuperJet International for this new type of VIP aircraft[117]
  • 19 March 2012 - All seven SuperJet planes in service grounded to have landing gear defect repaired. "Within a week the whole fleet will have repairs conducted," said a company spokesperson,[118] three days after an Aeroflot SuperJet made an unscheduled landing at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo Airport.[119]
  • 9 May 2012 - Crash during a demonstration flight in Indonesia, with 45 fatalities and no survivors.
  • 10 May 2012 - Pakistan's Air Indus allegedly[120] showed an interest in buying 8 SSJ-100 planes.[121]
SJ100 of customer Interjet
  • 21 June 2012 - Transaero, Russia's number two carrier, signs a deal to buy up to 16 SSJ100 with delivery date starting 2015.[85]
  • 18 June 2013 - Mexico's Interjet received its first Superjet 100 by Sukhoi at the Paris Air Show, another 19 Superjet 100s are due to be delivered in the coming months.[122]

Operational history[edit]

Inaugural flight by Armavia of the Superjet to Sheremetyevo International Airport on 21 April 2011.

The first production Sukhoi Superjet was delivered to Armavia on 19 April 2011. The handover ceremony was held at Zvartnots International Airport in Yerevan on the same day.[123] The aircraft was named "Yuri Gagarin", after the first man to venture into space almost exactly 50 years before.[124] Armavia planned to operate its Superjet 100 on flights between Yerevan, Sochi and Ukrainian cities,[123] including Odessa and Simferopol. The airline had expected to receive its second Superjet in June 2011.[116]

On December 16, 2012, Mikhail Baghdasarov, owner of bankrupt Armavia, stated that both of its ordered airplanes had been returned to Sukhoi Civil Aircraft company. He was also quoted as saying "that the SSJ-100 is not operated by the company anymore, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft has possession of the jet, and Armavia had decided not to receive any aircraft."[125]

Armavia's website did not show that it is not operating Sukhoi Superjet 100s as of February 2013. However it ceased operations in March 2013[126]

Entry into service[edit]

View of cockpit of modern jet airliner, showing a large array of displays and instruments.
Cockpit equipment of Sukhoi Superjet 100

On 21 April 2011, the first commercial flight of Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SN 95007) by Armavia airline landed at Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow at 04:45 MSK (00:45 GMT), carrying 90 passengers from Zvartnots International Airport, Yerevan.[116][127][128] The flight took about 2 hours and 55 minutes.[116]

Armavia used the Airbus A319 on its Yerevan to Moscow (SVO) route and had a plan to switch to the Superjet 100.[116] In August 2012 Armavia announced that they had returned both of its SSJ-100s to the manufacturer.[129]

The president of United Aircraft Corporation and general director of Sukhoi Mikhail Pogosyan hailed the event as a key milestone for the Superjet 100 project, saying that it opened "a new stage of the program — the beginning of commercial operation and full-scale serial production."[127]

The aircraft was put into commercial operation within an unprecedented short time after delivery. For the first week of service the SSJ-100 accumulated 24 flights, flying to Moscow, Athens, Donetsk, Aleppo, Tehran, Tel Aviv and Astrakhan. On 1 May, the Superjet made its first regular flight to Venice (2800 km, approx 3:45-minute flight).[130]

In March 2012, the deputy chief engineer of the Department of Aviation and Technical Support of "Aeroflot" Constantine Mohniit revealed in the Russian daily newspaper Vedomosti, that Aeroflot was asking Sukhoi for compensation since the six Superjet 100s it operates are in the air only 3.9 hours/day on average instead of the standard 8 to 9 hours. Breakdowns "... were caused by failures due to technical problems and delayed delivery of parts."[131]

In February 2013, SCA stated in a press release that such problems are usual in newly operational and recently introduced airliners and minimized the claims.[132]

At the end of October 2013, Interjet confirmed outstanding results in terms of operations.[133] As of October 31, the two Interjet SSJ100 have completed almost 600 flight hours, over 580 flight cycles during their commercial operations, with an average daily utilization of 9.74 block hours, and a dispatch reliability of 99.03%.[134][135] Dispatch reliability of Interjet's fleet of seven SSJ100 increased to 99.7% as of June 2014.[136]

On 12 September 2014 Interjet started regular passenger flights to USA, on Monterrey – San Antonio route, previously obtaining FAA certificate for SSJ100.[137][138]

Variants[edit]

The three variants were originally called the RRJ-60, RRJ-75 and RRJ-95, with the numbers designating the average passenger capacity of each type. However, with the renaming of the project to Superjet 100 (or SSJ100 for short), the RRJ-75 was re-labelled the Superjet 100/75, while the RRJ-95 became known as the Superjet 100/95. The smallest variants were postponed, and efforts are currently concentrating on the Superjet 100/95. The Long Range variant is about to be certified with a VIP-variant, based on SSJ100/95LR to follow.

It is unlikely that the Superjet 100/75 will be developed, but stretched versions, seating 115 - 145 passengers (SuperJet Stretch and Superjet NG), are planned.[139][140]

Specifications[edit]

SSJ 100/75 SSJ 100/75LR SSJ 100/95 SSJ 100/95LR
Cockpit crew 2
Seating capacity 88 (1-class, dense)
78 (1-class, standard)
68 (2-class, standard)
108 (1-class, dense)
98 (1-class, standard)
86 (2-class, standard)
Seat pitch 30 in (1-class, dense), 32 in (1-class, standard)
36 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
30 in (1-class, dense), 32 in (1-class, standard)
36 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
Length 26.44 m (86 ft 9 in) 29.94 m (98 ft 3 in)
Wingspan 27.80 m (91 ft 2 in)
Height 10.28 m (33 ft 9 in)
Fuselage max diameter 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
Cabin width 3.236 m (127.4 in)
Cabin height 2.12 m (6 ft 11 in)
Aisle width 51 cm (20 in)
Seat width 46.5 cm (18.3 in)
Volume bins per passenger 0.07 m3 (2.5 cu ft)
Maximum take-off weight (MTOW) 38,820 kg (85,580 lb) 42,280 kg (93,210 lb) 45,880 kg (101,150 lb) 49,450 kg (109,020 lb)
Empty weight (OEW) 25,100 kg (55,300 lb)
Maximum landing weight 35,000 kg (77,000 lb) 41,000 kg (90,000 lb)
Maximum payload 9,130 kg (20,130 lb) 12,245 kg (26,996 lb)
Maximum fuel capacity 13,135 L (10,600 kg or 23,370 lb) 13,135 L (10,600 kg or 23,370 lb)
Cargo capacity 15.01 m3 (530 cu ft) 21.97 m3 (776 cu ft)
Takeoff run at MTOW 1,515 m (4,970 ft) 1,731 m (5,679 ft) 2,052 m (6,732 ft)
Maximum flight altitude 12,500 m (41,000 ft)
Cruising speed Mach 0.78 (828 km/h/511 mph / 448knots at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)
Maximum cruise speed Mach 0.81 (870 km/h/ 541 mph / 469knots at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)
Range (full passenger payload) 2,900 km (1,800 mi) 4,550 km (2,830 mi) 3,048 km (1,894 mi) 4,578 km (2,845 mi)
Engine (x 2) PowerJet SaM146
Takeoff thrust (x 2) 60 kN (13,000 lbf) 69 kN (16,000 lbf) 72 kN (16,000 lbf)
APR thrust (x 2) 69 kN (16,000 lbf) 77 kN (17,000 lbf) 79 kN (18,000 lbf)
Fan tip diameter 1.22 m (48 in)
Engine length 2.07 m (81 in)

Sources: Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company,[141] Superjet International,[9][142] PowerJet.[143]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

97004, the aircraft involved in the accident, seen at Naypyidaw International Airport two days before the ill-fated flight in Indonesia
  • On 9 May 2012 a Russian Sukhoi Superjet 100 airliner, on a demonstration flight with 37 passengers and eight Russian crew members on board, crashed after it took off from the Halim Perdanakusuma Airport in Jakarta, Indonesia. About twenty minutes after the take-off, the crew requested permission to descend to 1,800 metres (5,900 ft), which was granted. This was the last contact that Air Traffic Control had with the aircraft, which was then about 139 kilometres (75 nmi) south of Jakarta, in the vicinity of the 2,211-metre-high (7,254 ft) Mount Salak, a mountain higher than the requested flight level.[144] After an extensive search, rescuers concluded, based on the widespread debris field on the side of a ridge, that the aircraft directly struck the rocky side of Mount Salak and there was "no chance of survival".[145][146]
An official inquiry into the crash found that the plane's automatic collision avoidance system was working, but had been ignored by the pilot, who was possibly distracted by his conversation with a potential customer for the aircraft.[147][148]
  • On 21 July 2013, a Russian Sukhoi Superjet 100 airliner, prototype aircraft 95005, landed gear-up at the Keflavík International Airport near Keflavík, Iceland[149] when, during evaluation of the automatic landing system, the landing gear had not been extended.[150] The aircraft was repaired and it flew again on 27 December 2013.[151]

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet-100" произвел свой первый полет Вести.Ru. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  2. ^ a b Zaitsev, Tom. "Superjet 100 makes maiden flight." Flight International, 19 June 2008.
  3. ^ SSJ-100 Production timeline authored by Christoph Guller, retrieved May 2014
  4. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 - Production list and backlog". Superjet100.info. Retrieved 20 Dec 2014. 
  5. ^ "SSJ-100 cost US$ 1.5 bln to create affirmed Mikhail Pogosian". ITAR-TASS News Agency. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  6. ^ ""Сухой" потратил $1,5 млрд, чтобы научиться у Boeing строить пассажирские лайнеры". Forbes.ru. 10 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Трансаэро купит шесть самолетов Сухой Суперджет 100". Avioport.ru. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  8. ^ Bruce Drum: Comlux orders two Sukhoi Superjet 100 business jets World Airline News, 10 October 2011
  9. ^ a b SSJ100_Datasheet.pdf by SuperJet International
  10. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Takes Off." Kommersant. 19 May 2008.
  11. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Project History, 2002."[dead link] Sukhoi. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  12. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Project History: October 2003."[dead link] Sukhoi. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  13. ^ "12 March 2004, Moscow – Superjet 100 Program Third Stage Completion."[dead link]Sukhoi. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  14. ^ "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company's Board of Directors has officially affirmed the decision on the successful completion of the Fourth Program Phase."[dead link] Sukhoi. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  15. ^ "A Government Contract For Research And Development Program on the Superjet 100 Aircraft Is Signed."[dead link] Sukhoi. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  16. ^ "Winning the west: The Sukhoi Superjet". Flightglobal.com. 2007-02-06. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  17. ^ "Sukhoi SuperJet 100: New hope for Russia’s commercial aviation industry | INFOgraphics | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  18. ^ "Russia in force at Paris Air Show". Moscow Top News. 07/05/2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^ "Russia unveils new passenger jet." Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  20. ^ "Russian Superjet 100 makes first test flight." Russian News and Information Agency via rian.ru, 19 May 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  21. ^ "News." Airliner World: 11.
  22. ^ "First 13 flights."[dead link] superjet100.com, July 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  23. ^ "25 Hours in the Air."[dead link] superjet100.com, October 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  24. ^ "Second Sukhoi SuperJet 100 starts test flights."[dead link] sukhoi.superjet100.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  25. ^ "Second prototype took to the skies."[dead link] sukhoi.superjet100.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  26. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29 October 2007, p. 66.
  27. ^ "«Суперджет» задерживается" (Superjet delays) (in Russian). vremya.ru, 8 July 2008.
  28. ^ "Russia Sukhoi sees Superjet delivery Q3 '09." Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  29. ^ "Video: First two Superjet 100s in formation flight." Flight International. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  30. ^ "Russia's Sukhoi Superjet-100 tested for long haul flight."[dead link] mosnews.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  31. ^ van Leeuwen, Marcel. "EASA pilots perform familiarization flights on board Sukhoi Superjet 100." aviationnews.eu, 19 April 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  32. ^ Potter, Matthew. "The Third Sukhoi Superjet 100 Joins the Flight Test Campaign." defenseprocurementnews.com, 28 July 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  33. ^ a b c "Sukhoi Superjet 100."[dead link] themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  34. ^ "Superjet 100 indefinitely delayed." themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  35. ^ Lake 2010, p. 59.
  36. ^ "Superjet engines slice and dice birds."[dead link] rt.com, 1 June 2010.
  37. ^ "Flight management system tests for Superjet 100 complete." RIA Novosti, 19 November 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
  38. ^ Nepomnyashchy, Alexei and Alexei Nikolsky. "Sukhoi Superjet behind schedule."[dead link] themoscowtimes.com, 6 July 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  39. ^ Buyck, Cathy. "SuperJet SSJ100 on track for November certification." ATW Online, 29 September 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  40. ^ McHale, John. "Sukhoi Superjet 100 passes noise testing program."[dead link] Military & Aerospace Electronics, 14 October 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  41. ^ "First Sukhoi Superjet 100 production aircraft flies for Armavia Airline." World Aeronautical Press Agency, 14 October 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  42. ^ Zaitsev, Tom. "Superjet nears end of drawn-out certification campaign." Flight International via flightglobal.com, 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  43. ^ "Russia's Superjet 100 moves closer to final certification." RIA Novosti, 21 December 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  44. ^ "Superjet Receives Initial Type Certificate"[dead link] Aviation Week, 3 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  45. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 gets Type Certificate from EASA." Superjet International.com, 3 February 2012.
  46. ^ Russia unveils new passenger jet Reuters, 26 September 2007.
  47. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet systems can make up for any pilot mistake; UAC chief." Russia Today, 20 April 2011.
  48. ^ a b "Regional aircraft for international market." Russia & CIS Observer, 19 July 2010.
  49. ^ "Russian industry special: New start for Sukhoi." Flight International, 13 August 2007.
  50. ^ "SaM146."[dead link] powerjet.aero. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  51. ^ a b c Pyadushkin, Maxim. "Celebrating the 100th anniversary: The Sukhoi Superjet 100 makes its debut at Le Bourget." Russia & CIS Observer, Volume 2, Issue 25, 20 June 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  52. ^ Pyadushkin, Maxim. "Right up there: Superjet 100 program needs more money to complete the certification." Russia & CIS Observer, Volume 4, Issue 27, 4 January 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  53. ^ "New Orders but No Lift for Superjet." The Moscow Times, 27 July 2010.
  54. ^ "Superjet-100 order book hikes by 50%." Russia Today, 16 June 2009.
  55. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100." thalesgroup.com. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  56. ^ Liebherr-Aerospace and Sukhoi Civil Aircraft signed Superjet 100 contracts[dead link]
  57. ^ "Aeronautic systems : solar protections, cabin management, IFE systems and connectivity, video surveillance and composite – Vision Systems". Vision-systems-aero.fr. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  58. ^ "Суперджет: заказы и заказчики - Sukhoi Superjet 100". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  59. ^ "All Light SSJ100 of Aeroflot Replaced with the Full Version". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  60. ^ ГСС и авиакомпания "Аэрофлот" подписали Акт сдачи-приемки самолета SSJ-100 MSN 95016, Aviation Explorer, 3 April 2012, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  61. ^ Armavia again not operating SuperJet 100-95s, aviation.ch, 20 December 2012
  62. ^ Armavia stops flights, prepares to file for bankruptcy, panorama.am, 29 March 2013
  63. ^ Iwan Kurniawan (30 November 2012). "Mei 2013, Jet Sukhoi Kartika Airlines Tiba di Jakarta". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  64. ^ "✈ наша авиация". Russianplanes.net. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  65. ^ "Yakutia Airline takes delivery of first SSJ100". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  66. ^ Lao Central Airlines to resume flights in 2015 using four SSJ 100 aircraft Source: Sayacinta Airpost, 23 December 2014
  67. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 Delivered to Lao Central / 15.02.2013". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  68. ^ a b "Управделами президента РФ купило построенные для Lao Central два SSJ 100". Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  69. ^ Agreement for 30 Sukhoi Superjet 100, Plus 15 Options with Pearl Aircraft Corporation Superjet International.
  70. ^ "Superjet kicks off Alitalia regional jet contest." Flight International, 7 October 2010.
  71. ^ "Willis Lease Corporation." willislease.com. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  72. ^ Mexico's Interjet signs $650 mln deal for Russia's Superjet planes, RIA Novosti, 17 January 2011.
  73. ^ Olivier Bonnassies Interjet mandates Natixis for Superjet 100 financing FlightGlobal, London, 11th Jun 2014
  74. ^ "Interjet Takes Up Option For Sukhoi Superjets." RIA Novosti (En.beta.rian.ru). Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  75. ^ "Third Sukhoi Superjet 100 delivered to Interjet". Aviationnews.Eu. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  76. ^ Interjet Fleet Details and History. planespotters.net. 27 May 2014.
  77. ^ "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company has got one order for 12 SSJ100 for PT Sky Aviation."[dead link] Superjet100.com, 21 June 2011.
  78. ^ "SuperJet International signs an order with Blue Panorama Airlines worth USD 370 million." SuperJet International, 22 July 2011.
  79. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David. "IATA: Blue Panorama still on track for Superjets." Flight International, 11 June 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  80. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "India's Aviotech set to launch corporate Superjet". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  81. ^ "ГСС и авиакомпания "Московия" подписали предварительные договора на два SSJ-100". "PRIME"-RIA Novosti group. 2013-04-03. 
  82. ^ (in Russian)Third SSJ100 delivered to Moscow airlines- "Moskovia" SUN, 3rd July 2014
  83. ^ a b "Results of the 10th International Aviation and Space Salon, MAKS-2011."[dead link] uacrussia.ru. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  84. ^ "Comlux To Be Launch Customer for Sukhoi Business Jet". Aviation International News. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  85. ^ a b "Russia's Transaero signs deal for 4 Airbus A380s." Reuters, 21 June 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  86. ^ "AeroLease - Sukhoi Superjet 100". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  87. ^ Roman Gusarov, Vladimir Karnozov Alexander Rubtsov: "The deals for purchase of 50MS-21, 32 CSeries and 20 Sukhoi Superjet 100 have been approved" RuAviation, 5 July 2013
  88. ^ "Рособоронэкспорт - Sukhoi Superjet 100". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  89. ^ "Sberbank Leasing and SCAC signed a purchase agreement for 20 Sukhoi SuperJet 100 aircraft at MAKS-2013 - News - Russian Aviation - RUAVIATION.COM". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  90. ^ "News". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  91. ^ Mary-Anne Baldwin. "AviaAM orders five Superjet 100s". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  92. ^ Neely, Jason; Potter, Mark (14 July 2014). "Sukhoi announces Superjet deal with Kazakhstan's Bek Air". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  93. ^ "Kazakhstan's Bek Air orders seven Sukhoi SuperJets". ch-aviation. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  94. ^ "Russian Emergencies Ministry signs state contracts on supply of new Russian-made aircraft". Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia). Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  95. ^ "VLM Airlines eerste Europese gebruiker Sukhoi superjet". Piloot en Vliegtuig. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  96. ^ Morrison, Murdo (29 October 2014), "VLM set to become first European Superjet operator", Flightglobal (Reed Business Information), retrieved 29 October 2014 
  97. ^ "Financial Leasing Company (FLK)."[dead link] f-l-c.ru. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  98. ^ "Aeroflot signed the contract for delivery of 30 Sukhoi Superjet 100."[dead link] superjet100.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  99. ^ "Dalavia to buy Sukhoi Superjet 100."[dead link] sukhoi.com.ru, 19 December 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  100. ^ "Aeroflot announced the signature of the Letter of Intent to purchase 15 SSJ-100 aircraft."[dead link] superjet100.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  101. ^ "Armavia Aircompany acquires Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft" Aviationnews.eu. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  102. ^ "Avia Leasing acquired 24 SSJ-100 aircraft." avialeasing.biz, 17 March 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  103. ^ "SuperJet International announces order for 20 Sukhoi Superjet 100 regional aircraft by an undisclosed customer."[dead link] superjetinternational.com, 16 July 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  104. ^ "Kartika Airlines is the first SSJ100 customer in South-East Asia."[dead link] superjet100.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  105. ^ "Paris Airshow." russia-ic.com. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  106. ^ "Yakutia Airlines orders 2 Superjet 100 aircraft." shephard.co.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  107. ^ "Airline Start-Ups: Laos-based newcomer Phongsavanh Airlines plans to launch services in 2012." Flight International. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  108. ^ Fouda, Dominique and Jeremie Teahan. "EASA certifies Franco-Russian SaM146 PowerJet engine."[dead link] easa.europa.eu, 23 June 2006. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  109. ^ "Sukhoi, Indonesian airline sign $951 mln deal on 30 SSJ100s." rian.ru, 19 July 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  110. ^ "Thai Airlines to buy at least 12 Superjet 100s from Sukhoi." rian.ru, 20 July 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  111. ^ Lagorce, Aude. "Sukhoi scores order for 30 Superjets, 15 options." marketwatch.com, 21 July 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  112. ^ Zaitsev, Tom. "Aeroflot plans up to 50 MS-21s as part of effort to support Russia's airliner industry." Flight International, 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  113. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100."[dead link] superjet100.com. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  114. ^ [1][dead link] ITAR-TASS Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  115. ^ "Mexico's Interjet signs $650 mln deal for Russia's Superjet planes." RIA Novosti, 17 January 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  116. ^ a b c d e Karnozov, Vladimir. "Pictures: Armavia Superjet conducts first revenue flight." Flight International, 21 May 2011.
  117. ^ "Superjet International launches the Sukhoi business jet with a 200 million dollar order from Comlux, the aviation group. superjetinternational.com, 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  118. ^ Toohey, Nathan. "Superjet undergoing fleet-wide repairs." Moscow News, 19 March 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  119. ^ Toohey, Nathan. "Sukhoi Superjet makes unscheduled landing." Moscow News, 19 March 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  120. ^ Indonesian SSJ-100 aircraft: AVIONEWS interview of former Superjet International SpA CEO, Avionews aviation news portal,Rome, 10 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  121. ^ "Pakistan may buy new Sukhoi superjets."[dead link] The Times of India, 10 May 2012.
  122. ^ "Russia's Sukhoi jet delivers first Superjet to Mexico's Interjet". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  123. ^ a b "Sukhoi Superjet 100 heading from Yerevan lands at Sheremetyevo airport." NEWS.am, 21 May 2011.
  124. ^ "Sukhoi Superjet 100 makes first passenger flight." Voice of Russia, 21 May 2011.
  125. ^ "Owner of Armenian Armavia rejects alleged debt for Sukhoi SuperJet 100". Arka.am. 2012-12-19. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  126. ^ Our Fleet, Armavia corporate website, Yerevan, Undated[dead link]. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  127. ^ a b Zorembo. Igor. "Sukhoi Superjet conducts first passenger flight." RIA Novosti, 21 May 2011.
  128. ^ "Russia's Sukhoi Superjet 100 to make first passenger flight on April 12."[dead link] GSS, 21 April 2011.
  129. ^ "RIAN – Armavia Returns Superjet-100 to Manufacturer". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  130. ^ "The Sukhoi Superjet 100 landed in Venice for the first time." superjetinternational.com, 1 May 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  131. ^ "«Аэрофлот» выторговал у «Гражданских самолетов Сухого» беспрецедентные скидки". Vedomosti, 13 May 2012.
  132. ^ "UAC :: News :: For Mass Media: about Sukhoi Superjet 100 commercial operation". Uacrussia.ru. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  133. ^ "Interjet SSJ100 confirm successful operations". Traveldailynews.com. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  134. ^ "Новости Aviation EXplorer: За первый месяц эксплуатации 2 самолета Sukhoi SuperJet 100 авиакомпании Interjet показали среднесуточный налет 9,74 часа". Aex.ru. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  135. ^ "UAC :: News :: Interjet SSJ100 confirms successful operations". Uacrussia.ru. 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  136. ^ "Interjet's Supejet Dispatch Nearly Perfect | Things With Wings". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  137. ^ Interjet Starts Monterrey – Houston Service from late-Oct 2014 RoutesOnline.com, 04.09.2014
  138. ^ "Superjets flying over USA"SdelanoUNas.ru (in Russian), 12 September 2014
  139. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max. "Russian Revolution: The Sukhoi Superjet." Flight International, 6 February 2007. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  140. ^ Russia will start the production of Sukhoi SuperJet NG in 2019-2020 ruaviation.com, 2 August 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  141. ^ "Features." sukhoi.org. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  142. ^ "Technical specifications." superjetinternational.com. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  143. ^ "Engine specifications." powerjet.aero. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  144. ^ "Russia’s Sukhoi SuperJet-100 goes off radars in Jakarta, hijacking not ruled out." RT, 9 May 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  145. ^ " 'No sign of survivors' at Sukhoi SuperJet-100 wreck site." RT, 10 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  146. ^ Salna, Karlis. "No survivors in Indonesia plane crash."[dead link] 9 News, 10 May 2012.
  147. ^ [2][dead link]
  148. ^ "Superjet Pilots Blamed For Indonesia Crash". Avweb.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  149. ^ "Flugvél brotlenti á Keflavíkurflugvelli". mbl.is. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  150. ^ "Sukhoi jet has belly landing in Iceland.". Reuters. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  151. ^ "Repair of the SSJ100 s/n 95005 in Keflavik". Superjet100.info. 16 Jan 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Lake, Jon. "Russia's Regional Jet". Air International, Vol. 78, No. 5, May 2010, pp. 54–60. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.

External links[edit]