Suldal within Rogaland
|• Mayor (2007)||Torkel Myklebust (Sp)|
|• Total||1,736 km2 (670 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,588 km2 (613 sq mi)|
|Area rank||39 in Norway|
|• Rank||235 in Norway|
|• Density||2/km2 (5/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-4.9 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1134|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
The parish of Suledal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Søvde was separated from Suldal in 1842. The municipalities of Erfjord and Sand, most of Jelsa, and some parts of Imsland and Vikedal, were merged with Suldal on 1 January 1965.
The Old Norse form of the name was Súladalr. The first element is probably the plural genitive case of súla which means "pillar" or "column" (and then referring to the mountain pass Suldalsporten) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Before 1891, the name was written "Suledal".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 March 1976. The arms show three yellow lines on a red background. The lines represent Suldalslågen, the local river that runs through the municipality.
Suldal municipality has a long history of trade connections to the Setesdal valley to the east. The main mountain plateau trade route led east from Suldal municipality in Rogaland to Bykle municipality in Aust-Agder county.
The municipality is with its 1736 km2 the biggest in Rogaland.
In the north, the municipality is bordered by Sauda and Odda, in the east by Vinje and Bykle, in the south by Hjelmeland, and in the west by Vindafjord. Across the Jelsafjord and Vindafjord lie Finnøy and Tysvær municipalities.
The mountain Kistenuten is located at the triple border point of Rogaland, Hordaland and Telemark. Other mountains in Suldal are Vassdalseggi, the highest mountain in Rogaland, Trollaskeinuten, Snønuten, Melsnuten, Knoda, Fitjanuten, Leirnuten, Kaldafjellet, Simlenuten, Steinkilenuten and Raudberga, all reaching above 1,400 m.a.s.l.
The Sandsfjord and Hylsfjord lie within Suldal, as does lake Suldalsvatnet. The Saudafjord lies partially within the boundary of Suldal. The Erfjord and the lakes Blåsjø, Holmavatnet, and Holmevatnet also lie on the boundary of Suldal.
The Ulla-Førre project of building huge hydroelectric dams in the mountains was initiated in the 1960s. At times the project employed over a thousand people. The finished hydroelectric complex has a total capacity of approximately 2,100 MW and produces about 4.8 TWh yearly.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). "Ryfylkeheiane". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Lauritzen, Per Roger, ed. (2009). Norsk Fjelleksikon (in Norwegian). Arendal: Friluftsforlaget. ISBN 978-82-91-49547-7.
- Media related to Suldal at Wikimedia Commons
- The dictionary definition of Suldal at Wiktionary
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Rogaland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Map hiking
- Ryfylke tourist bureau