Suleiman Aga

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Suleiman Aga, also Soleiman Agha or Müteferrika Süleyman Ağa, was an Ottoman Empire ambassador to the French king Louis XIV in 1669. Suleiman visited Versailles, but only wore a simple wool coat and refused to bow to Louis XIV.[1] Louis XIV immediately banned him to Paris, away from Versailles.[2] In Paris, Suleiman set up a beautiful house where he offered coffee drinking to the Parisian society, with waiters dressed in Ottoman style, triggering enthusiastic responses thereby starting the fashion for coffee-drinking.[3][4]



  • William J. Bernstein A splendid exchange: how trade shaped the world Atlantic Monthly Press, 2008 ISBN 0-87113-979-0

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