Suleiman Yudakov

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Suleiman (Solomon) Alexandrovich Yudakov (Tajik: Сулейман (Соломон) Александрович Юдаков; Russian: Сулейма́н (Соломо́н) Алекса́ндрович Юдако́в) (14 April [O.S. 2 April] 1916 – 1990) was a Soviet Bukharian composer of Jewish descent.

Biography[edit]

Suleiman Yudakov, a Bukharian Jew, was born in Kokand, and started to devote himself to music in the orphanage where he spent three years of his childhood. His first teacher there was Mikhail Naigof. In 1932, he was accepted to the so-called rabfak (рабочий факультет, or workers' faculty - an educational establishment set up to prepare workers and peasants for higher education) of the Moscow Conservatory majoring as a flautist. In 1939, Suleiman Yudakov became a student in the class of Reinhold Glière at the conservatory's Department of Composing. In 1941, he had to interrupt his studies due to the outbreak of the war and leave for Tashkent, where he remained until his death.

Compositions[edit]

In 1944, Suleiman Yudakov composed the melody of the Tajik SSR state anthem. This melody has since been used in Surudi Milli, the modern-day national anthem of Tajikistan .

After the war, Suleiman Yudakov composed many works, including the first Uzbek comical opera, ballets, cantatas, and symphonic music:

  • 1945 — "Сын", a drama (English: The Son; Tajik: Фарзанд/Farzand)
  • "Восточная поэма" (Vostochnaya poema/Eastern Poem), for violin and piano
  • "Fantasia for violin, violoncello and piano"
  • "Dancing suite" for two pianos, in three parts.

Honours[edit]