Suleyman Shah

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Suleyman Shah
سلیمان شاه
Leader of the Kayı tribe (pre-Ottoman Empire)
Reign ?- 1227
Full name Süleyman bin Kaya Alp
Born Unknown
Died 1227
Predecessor Qutalmish
Successor Ertuğrul
Father Qutalmish
Religious beliefs Islam

Suleyman Shah (سلیمان شاه, full name: سلیمان بن کیا آلپ Süleyman bin Kaya Alp; (b. ca. 1178 – d. 1236).[1] The son of Kutalmish and the father of Ertuğrul, who was, in turn, the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. His other son was Saru Yatı, the father of Bay Hodja. It is said that Suleyman Shah drowned in the river Euphrates in Syria. An Ottoman tomb in or near Qal'at Ja'bar has historically been associated with Suleyman Shah.[2] In accordance with Article 9 of the Treaty of Ankara (1921) signed between France and Turkey, an area of 8000 meters square containing the tomb remained Turkish territory despite the main border between Syria and Turkey being some 100 km north, thereby creating a Turkish Exclave.[3]

When the area where the tomb was located in 1921 was later flooded in 1974 by Lake Assad, the reservoir of the Tabqa Dam, the legal exclave and the tomb were moved to a new location some 80 km north of Qal'at Ja'bar,[4] but also on the Euphrates riverside, not far from the town of Sarrin and located a mere 35 km from the Turkish frontier. Up to date, Turkey maintains a small military presence as an honour guard inside the place and has continued to do so throughout the Syrian Civil War.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Sourdel, D. (2009). "ḎJ̲abar or Ḳalat ḎJ̲abar". In P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, et al. Encyclopaedia of Islam (2nd ed.). Brill online. 
  3. ^ "Franco-Turkish agreement of Ankara" (in French). Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  4. ^ Burns, R. (1999). Monuments of Syria. An historical guide. London: I.B. Tauris. pp. 180–181. ISBN 1-86064-244-6. 
Preceded by
Pre-Ottoman ruler
? – 1230
Succeeded by