Sulina

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Sulina
Town
Skyline of Sulina
Coat of arms of Sulina
Coat of arms
Location of Sulina
Location of Sulina
Sulina is located in Romania
Sulina
Sulina
Location of Sulina
Coordinates: 45°9′34″N 29°39′10″E / 45.15944°N 29.65278°E / 45.15944; 29.65278Coordinates: 45°9′34″N 29°39′10″E / 45.15944°N 29.65278°E / 45.15944; 29.65278
Country  Romania
County Tulcea County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Aurel Dimitriu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 329.56 km2 (127.24 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,541
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website sulina.romclub.ro / www.sulina.ro/istoric.html

Sulina (Romanian pronunciation: [suˈlina]) is a town and free port in Tulcea County, Romania, at the mouth of the Sulina branch of the Danube. It is the easternmost point of Romania.

The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes.[1]

History[edit]

Once a prosperous port and important shipyard, from 1856 to 1939 the seat of the Danube Commission, Sulina has become a disadvantaged location.

The reason is that the town has no road access, the only way to reach it is by boat that leaves Tulcea and goes along the Sulina branch of the Danube. This keeps tourists at the seaside at low numbers.

Sulina is between the Danube and the Black Sea and its location gives perfect access to both the Black Sea's beach and to visit the Danube Delta.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 5,612 —    
1912 7,347 +30.9%
1930 6,399 −12.9%
1948 3,373 −47.3%
1956 3,622 +7.4%
1966 4,005 +10.6%
1977 4,911 +22.6%
1992 5,484 +11.7%
2002 5,140 −6.3%
2011 3,541 −31.1%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, 82.82% of the population were Romanians, 11.43% Lipovans, 1.8% Greeks, 1.29% Ukrainians and 2.3% of other or undeclared ethnicity. At the 2002 census, 93.0% spoke Romanian and 5.7% Russian as their first language. 94.3% were Orthodox and 5.1% Old Believers.

Sightseeing[edit]

  • The Lighthouse of the European Commission of the Danube
  • The Church "Sf. Nicolae"
  • The Cemetery

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sulina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
3.2
(37.8)
6.2
(43.2)
12.2
(54)
18.2
(64.8)
22.8
(73)
25.0
(77)
24.7
(76.5)
21.0
(69.8)
15.7
(60.3)
10.3
(50.5)
5.5
(41.9)
13.97
(57.15)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.8
(33.4)
3.9
(39)
9.7
(49.5)
15.7
(60.3)
20.1
(68.2)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
7.8
(46)
3.0
(37.4)
11.38
(52.47)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.1
(30)
2.2
(36)
8.0
(46.4)
13.8
(56.8)
17.9
(64.2)
19.6
(67.3)
19.4
(66.9)
15.9
(60.6)
10.8
(51.4)
5.5
(41.9)
0.8
(33.4)
9.23
(48.59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
22
(0.87)
15
(0.59)
19
(0.75)
26
(1.02)
29
(1.14)
26
(1.02)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
16
(0.63)
22
(0.87)
26
(1.02)
281
(11.06)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 5 46
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71.3 76.3 114.7 174.0 257.3 285.0 310.0 291.4 222.0 164.3 87.0 58.9 2,112.2
Source: Hong Kong Observatory [2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From the UNESCO website
  2. ^ "Climatological Information for Sulina, Romania". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 

External links[edit]