Sullivan County, Missouri
|Sullivan County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 14, 1845, First established in 1843 as Highland County|
|Named for||Major General John Sullivan of the American Revolutionary War|
|• Total||651.43 sq mi (1,687 km2)|
|• Land||650.95 sq mi (1,686 km2)|
|• Water||0.48 sq mi (1 km2), 0.07%|
|• Density||11/sq mi (4/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Sullivan County is a county located in north central Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,714. Its county seat is Milan. The county was organized February 14, 1845 and named for Major General John Sullivan of the American Revolutionary War.
- 1 History
- 2 Notable residents
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Communities
- 6 Education
- 7 Politics
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In 1682, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle claimed the territory west of the Mississippi River for France, which included present-day Sullivan County. The United States acquired this region under terms of the Louisiana Purchase on July 4, 1803. Twenty-one years later, the Sac (Sauk), Meskwaki (Fox), and Iowa Native American nations ceded their tribal land to the U.S. government under two treaties in August 1824.
Dr. Jacob Holland and his son, Robert W. Holland, arrived in 1836, becoming the county's first permanent White settlers. Dr. Holland, a veteran of the Black Hawk War and practitioner of herbal medicine, and son staked their home sites at the Main Locust Creek Settlement near a place called Scottsville. American pioneers from Ohio, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia quickly followed them and established farms and small businesses at Pharsalia (Milan) Settlement, Yellow Creek Settlement, and Jackson's Corners (Jacksonville) by 1840.
The Missouri state legislature defined the boundaries of the county from Chariton County during the 1842–1843 legislative session, and first named it Highland County. However, the number of permanent settlers did not meet requirements for civil governance and military purposes, so legislators attached administration of Highland County to Linn County. A new survey of the county in 1844 determined that the population was sufficient to permit full organization. E.M.C. Morelock, a representative from Highland County, presented an act to the state legislature, which they approved on February 14, 1845, and the county became formally organized. By the same act, it was renamed Sullivan County in honor of John Sullivan, a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
Settlers established the town of Milan (pronounced MY-lun) in 1845, located at the center of the county, where the first courts met. William Putnam built the first courthouse, which was occupied in October 1847. Ten years later, residents leveled an Indian mound in the middle of town to make the public square and Major John McCollough built the second courthouse, the first brick structure in Milan, on this site during 1857–1858. (This courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1908 and it was not until 1938 that it was replaced by the three-story limestone building that stands today.) The last federal land office established in Missouri also operated from the square from 1849 to 1859. The state legislature officially incorporated the city of Milan on February 8, 1859. Other towns platted in the county's early years included Greencastle (1857), Newtown (1858), Pollock (1873), Boynton and Cora (1877), Green City and Winigan (1880), Humphreys and Reger (1881), Osgood (1886), and Harris (1887). Green City College opened in 1885, and a business institute opened in Humphreys in 1884.
During the U.S. Civil War (1861–1865), a Union Army post stood in Milan. The Union cause was supported by four Union volunteer infantry regiments, two Union cavalry volunteer regiments, two Missouri Militia units, one provisional militia unit, and a large unit of Sullivan County Home Guards. The Confederate side was supported by four units of Missouri State Guard infantrymen. Soldiers from Sullivan County fought at the Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Atlanta, Battle of Jonesborough, and other major engagements throughout the war. Military skirmishes within the county were mostly confined to bushwhackers.
Expansion of the railroads brought growth to Sullivan County beginning in the 1870s. The C., B. & K.C. (Chicago, Burlington and Kansas City Railway) built a line running north to south through the county in 1876, which was followed by construction of the Quincy, Missouri & Pacific Railway line east to west though the county from 1878 to 1881. The two lines crossed in Milan, which became a major shipping point. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway soon built a north–south line along Medicine Creek the length of the western edge of the county that served the towns of Newtown and Harris, which continues to be active today. (All three railroads eventually merged into the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.)
By 1900, following the railroad construction boom, the county's population exceeded 20,000. However, business activity and the number of residents declined steadily during the subsequent decades. The number of farms decreased from about 3,100 in 1900 to under 900 by 1982, but over the same time period, the size of farms increased from about 130 acres to 385 acres. The county primarily remains rural agricultural land today, planted in corn and grains with family operated poultry, livestock, and dairy farms. One medium size manufacturer in Milan employs about 750 people.
- Fred "Killer" Burke - notorious bank robber and gangster, lived under an alias for several months near Green City before being captured there in March 1931.
- Cal Hubbard - Professional football Hall of Famer and MLB umpire, lived in Milan from the mid-1940s until shortly before his death.
- Steve Riker - Drummer for the rock band Head East (1991–1994)
- Albert Barry Scobee - Newspaper reporter and publisher, Western fiction writer. Served a key role in the preservation of Old Fort Davis, Texas a frontier outpost during the 1800s. Nearby Barry Scobee Mountain was named in his honor by Governor of Texas John Connally in 1964. Scobee was born in Pollock, Missouri in 1885. Scobee Cemetery, just west of Pollock, is named for his family.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 651.43 square miles (1,687.2 km2), of which 650.95 square miles (1,686.0 km2) (or 99.93%) is land and 0.48 square miles (1.2 km2) (or 0.07%) is water.
The main water courses in Sullivan County are Medicine, Locust, East Locust, Yellow, and Spring Creeks. The highest point in the county, about 1,060 feet (320 m) above sea level, is on the primary divide between the Chariton River and Grand River drainage basins along its northern border shared with Putnam County northwest of Green City. The lowest point, about 740 feet (230 m) above sea level, is where Locust Creek flows out of the county on its southern border with Linn County, near the town of Browning.
- Putnam County (north)
- Adair County (east)
- Linn County (south)
- Grundy County (southwest)
- Mercer County (northwest)
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,714 people, 2,925 households, and 1,959 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,364 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.73% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 8.67% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Approximately 18.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, making Sullivan County the most heavily Hispanic/Latino county in Missouri.
There were 2,925 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,107, and the median income for a family was $33,590. Males had a median income of $23,245 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,392. About 11.00% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 20.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Green City R-I School District – Green City
- Green City Elementary School (PK-06)
- Green City High School (07-12)
- Milan C-2 School District – Milan
- Milan Elementary School (PK-04)
- Milan Middle School (05-08)
- Milan High School (09-12)
- Newton-Harris R-III School District – Newtown
- Newtown-Harris Elementary School (PK-06)
- Newtown-Harris High School (07-12)
|Sullivan County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Sherry Brinkley||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Jackie Morris||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Jerry A. Hollon||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Joan Brummitt||Democratic|
|2008||51.43% 1,476||46.03% 1,321||2.54% 73|
|2004||62.45% 1,929||35.77% 1,105||1.78% 55|
|2000||58.11% 1,755||40.33% 1,218||1.56% 47|
|1996||35.59% 1,084||62.57% 1,906||1.84% 56|
Sullivan County is divided into three districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, two of which are held by Republicans and one by a Democrat.
- District 2 – Zachary Wyatt (R-Greencastle). Consists of the communities of Green City, Greencastle, Milan, and Pollock.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 2 – Sullivan County (2010)|
- District 3 – Casey Guernsey (R-Bethany). Consists of the communities of Harris, Humphreys, Newtown, and Osgood.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 3 – Sullivan County (2010)|
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 8 – Sullivan County (2010)|
|Republican||William Jesse Foster||9||39.13|
|Missouri Senate - District 12 – Sullivan County (2010)|
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Sullivan County (2010)|
|2008||56.01% 1,607||40.89% 1,173||3.10% 89|
|2004||60.86% 1,880||38.14% 1,178||1.01% 31|
|2000||61.26% 1,877||36.78% 1,127||1.96% 60|
|1996||41.75% 1,275||45.91% 1,402||12.34% 377|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 506, than any candidate from either party in Sullivan County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Sullivan County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||197 (32.45%)|
|Mike Huckabee||209 (34.43%)|
|Mitt Romney||130 (21.42%)|
|Ron Paul||60 (9.88%)|
|Sullivan County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||506 (71.37%)|
|Barack Obama||172 (24.26%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||26 (3.67%)|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- MOGenWeb Project, Sullivan County, Missouri, Early Settlements of Sullivan County
- Sterling, Bill. "Sullivan County (Communities)". Community Histories. SullivanCountyMissouri.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- University of Missouri Extension, Encyclopedia of Missouri Courthouses, Sullivan County Courthouse. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Sterling, Bill. "Courthouse History". County History. SullivanCountyMissouri.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Sterling, Bill. "Sullivan County Civil War Regiments". County History. SullivanCountyMissouri.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Survey of Sullivan County, Missouri, April 1985
- "Barry Scobee Mountain". TXGenWebProject. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Survey of Sullivan County, Missouri, April 1995.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- GNIS, Query Results: Sullivan County, Missouri
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Sullivan County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- SullivanCountyMissouri.com, local history and information.
- TheLibrary.org, A Directory of Towns, Villages, and Hamlets Past and Present of Sullivan County, Missouri.
||Mercer County||Putnam County|
|Grundy County||Linn County||Macon County|