Sullivan Square (MBTA station)
Supports for an elevated highway are visible behind and above the station platforms.
|Address||One Broadway at One Cambridge Street, Charlestown|
|Platforms||2 island platforms (1 unused)|
|Parking||222 spaces, $6.00 fee|
|Bicycle facilities||16 spaces|
|Opened||June 10, 1901, as elevated until April 4, 1975|
|Rebuilt||April 7, 1975, as part of the realignment of Haymarket North Extension|
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Passengers (2009)||9,004 (weekday average boardings)|
Sullivan Square is an MBTA subway station serving the Orange Line, located just west of the Sullivan Square traffic circle in the Charlestown neighborhood of Boston. Located adjacent to the East Somerville area of Somerville, it is also a major bus transfer point. It is named after nearby Sullivan Square, itself named for James Sullivan, an early 19th century Governor of Massachusetts.
Opened April 7, 1975 as part of the Haymarket North Extension, the station has three tracks and two platforms, and is located under a double-decked elevated section of Interstate 93. The current station replaced an older structure built in 1901, which was itself a major transfer point on the Charlestown Elevated, a predecessor of the Orange Line.
Sullivan Square stands on what was once a narrow neck of land referred to as the Charlestown Neck, an area that was originally a thin strip of land connecting the Charlestown Peninsula with present-day East Somerville. Being in a narrow place between larger land masses made Sullivan Square a place where transportation routes naturally converged, and various transportation facilities developed here over the years.
Of particular note was the construction of the Middlesex Canal which traveled 27 miles from Lowell to terminate at the Mill Pond in Charlestown, passing directly through where the Sullivan Square traffic circle stands today. Completed in 1803, the canal was considered a major engineering feat at its time. However, the Boston and Lowell Railroad, completed in 1835, captured much of the freight business, and the canal ceased operation by 1853. The Boston and Lowell and the Fitchburg Railroad, the earliest railroads to pass through Somerville, did not come through this area of the city, but in 1842 the Boston and Maine Corporation opened a station near Sullivan Square. This led to the construction of a residential enclave for commuters to Boston. New streets were laid out, such as Mt. Vernon Street and Mt. Pleasant Street, and small lots were plotted out along them.
The next transportation revolution to make its way through Sullivan Square was the streetcar. Horsecars connecting Somerville to Charlestown and Boston started running in 1858, just two years after the first horsecar in Massachusetts connected Cambridge and Boston. Horsecar travel continued to grow until the early 1890s, when electrically-powered street railways became popular. Sullivan Square came to be the location of a large carhouse, and in 1901 a grand new station was built to serve both streetcars and the Boston Elevated Railway, the new rapid transit line connecting Sullivan Square and Dudley Square by way of downtown Boston.
The original elevated station was considered a crown jewel of the "El", along with a similar station complex at Dudley Square in Roxbury. Surface streetcars ran up to the level of the elevated stations, allowing cross-platform transfer underneath an expansive trainshed. The station was designed as a major transfer point, with many streetcar lines that had gone downtown truncated to Sullivan. However, the station quickly reached capacity, and an extension to Everett opened in 1919. However, beginning in 1963 the Everett terminus was closed nights and Sundays, and the truncated routes (now all buses) were extended back to Sullivan Square at those times.
Over time, deferred maintenance on the Sullivan Square station took its toll. When the Charlestown Elevated was abandoned in the 1970s, the once-magnificent transportation hub was considered by some to be beyond saving, though there were proposals to renovate the cavernous trainshed for other uses, such as retail stores or art galleries. The current Sullivan Square station was opened as part of the Haymarket North Extension project on April 7, 1975, a short distance away, on a defunct Boston and Maine Railroad right-of-way. Shortly thereafter, a mysterious fire broke out in the old station, which was subsequently razed and repurposed as an MBTA service vehicle parking lot. Around the same time, double-deck Interstate 93 was built high above the new station.
Sullivan Square is a major bus transfer station, with service to Medford, Everett, Malden and other surrounding cities. The following MBTA bus routes serve the station:
- 86 Reservoir (Cleveland Circle) via Harvard/Johnston Gate
- 89 Clarendon Hill or Davis Sq. via Broadway
- 90 Davis Square - Wellington Station via Sullivan Square Station & Assembly Mall
- 91 Central Sq., Cambridge via Washington St.
- 92 Assembly Sq. - Downtown via Sullivan Sq. Sta., Main St. & Haymarket Sta.
- 93 Downtown via Bunker Hill St. & Haymarket Sta.
- 95 West Medford via Mystic Ave.
- 101 Malden Center Station via Salem St., Main St. & Broadway
- 104 Malden Center Station via Ferry St. & Broadway
- 105 Malden Center Station via Newland St. Housing
- 109 Linden Square via Glendale Square
- CT2 Ruggles Station via Kendall/MIT
Sullivan Square Station is the Boston-area location served by the Manchester Shuttle, a free shuttle to the Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire via Anderson Regional Transportation Center.
Sullivan Square Station is a proposed stop on the MBTA's planned Urban Ring Project. The Urban Ring would be a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Line designed to connect the current MBTA Lines to reduce strain on the downtown stations.
|Southbound||← Orange Line toward Forest Hills (Community College)|
|Center track (Northbound)||→ Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Wellington) →|
|Northbound||→ No regular service|
|Lobby||Customer Service, Shops, Vending machines, ATMs|
- "Ridership and Service Statistics". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "James Sullivan (1744-1808)". mass.gov. James Sullivan (1744-1808). 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- City of Boston Department of Transportation. "Rutherford Avenue / Sullivan Square Design Project". cityofboston.gov/. City of Boston. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Sullivan Square". Boston Streetcars. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Tran Systems and Planners Collaborative (24 August 2007). "Evaluation of MBTA Paratransit and Accessible Fixed Route Transit Services: Final Report". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- cf. Haskell, Albert L., "Haskell's Historical Guide Book of Somerville, Massachusetts", section on "Somerville: Why So Named".
- "Sullivan Square: Part 1 of 3". Somerville Development Forum. Somerville Development Forum. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Boston Elevated Railway Company, Main Line Elevated Structure (HAER)". NYCsubway.org. NYC Subway. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Sullivan Square: Part 3 of 3". Somerville Development Forum. Somerville Development Forum. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Sullivan Square Station: Schedules and Maps". mbta.com. Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Urban Ring Phase 2. Massachusetts Executive Office of Transportation.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sullivan Square (MBTA station).|