Sulmin

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Sulmin
Village
Sulmin is located in Poland
Sulmin
Sulmin
Coordinates: 54°18′51″N 18°28′14″E / 54.31417°N 18.47056°E / 54.31417; 18.47056
Country Poland Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
County Kartuzy
Gmina Żukowo
Population 394

Sulmin [ˈsulmin] (German: Sulmin too) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Żukowo, within Kartuzy County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.[1]

Geographical location[edit]

Sulmin lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south-east of Żukowo, 18 km (11 mi) east of Kartuzy, and 13 km (8 mi) south-west of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Church of Sulmin (built 1905–1906)

History[edit]

Older versions of the village's name are Sulmink, Solemyn and Zullmin. Up to the turn from the 19th to the 20th century Sulmin had been an estate. Around that time the factory owner Hartmann from Langfuhr bought the estates of Sulmin, Ottomin, Hochkelpin, Smengorschin and Nestempohl comprising an area of about 30.7 km² for 1.2 Million Mark for settling purposes. It had been expected that the garnison of Danzig would require a larger training area. After it turned out that the military had no need for this terrain, Hartman offered it for sale to the Prussian settling commission for Poznań and West Prussia (Preußische Ansiedlungskommission für Posen und Westpreußen). The latter organization gradually brought families of Protestant German settlers into the area, most of them being former colonists from Russia, to where they had emigrated a century ago or even earlier and where in recent times they had been subjected to political pressure. Other settlers came from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia, Westfalia and Thuringia. In the framework of this campaign 95 parcels were generated in the area, 21 of them in Sulmin, 11 in Ottomin, 23 in Smengorschin and Hochkelpin as well as 40 in Nestempohl.[2]

In 1905 a school was built, and the laying for the foundation stone of a new church took place, which was opened in 1906.

Up to the end of World War I Sulmin belonged to Kreis Danziger Höhe of the German Province of West Prussia. Over the time span 1920–1939 Sulmin together with the village of Richthof was part of the Polish Corridor arranged according to the regulations of the Treaty of Versailles. During the period 1939–1945 the region was part of the Third Reich. At the beginning of March 1945, shortly before the end of World War II, the area was occupied by the Red Army. After the end of the war it was put under the administration of the People's Republic of Poland.

For details of the history of the region, see History of Pomerania.

Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

1895 244[3]
1805 296[3]
1810 270[3]
2008 394

Parish[edit]

The population present in Sulmin prior to 1920 was predominantly Protestant. On August 15, 1907, Sulmin became a self-conistent parish. In 1938 the church books were in Löblau.[2]

Literature[edit]

  • Wilhelm Brauer (ed.): Der Kreis Karthaus - Ein westpreußisches Heimatbuch, Radke, Lübeck 1978, in particular pp. 220–221 (in German).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ a b Wilhelm Brauer (ed.): Der Kreis Karthaus - Ein westpreußisches Heimatbuch, Radke, Lübeck 1978, 220-221.
  3. ^ a b c http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=6417


Coordinates: 54°18′51″N 18°28′14″E / 54.31417°N 18.47056°E / 54.31417; 18.47056