Muhammad Kudarat

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This article is about a person. For other uses, see Sultan Kudarat (disambiguation).
Muhammad Kudarat
Bronze Statue of Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat in Rizal Park, Manila.jpg
Sultan of Maguindanao
Reign 1619–1671
House Sultanate of Maguindanao
Father Sultan Laut Buisan
Born Qudratullah Katchil Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat
1581
Maguindanao, Spanish East Indies
Died 1671 (aged 89–90)
Religion Islam

Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671) was a Sultan of Maguindanao in the Philippines. During his reign, he successfully opposed the Spaniards who attempted to conquer his land and hindered the Christianization of the island of Mindanao much like the other Muslim rulers of the southern Philippine Archipelago. He was a direct descendant of Shariff Kabungsuwan, a Malaysian-born Arab Muslim missionary who brought Islam to the Philippines between the 13th and 14th century.[1] The Philippine province of Sultan Kudarat is named after him, together with the Municipality of Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao, where his descendants of Datus and rulers are the current political leaders.

Under the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, Sultan Kudarat became a Philippine national hero.[2]

Rule[edit]

After succeeding his father Kapitan Laut Buisan in 1619, he defeated several tribes and proclaimed his kingdom as the Datu of the Pulangi region. He also governed a settlement in what is now Cagayan de Oro, Caraga, and established Misamis[disambiguation needed] and Bukidnon as his tributaries. He also made friendly relations with the Spaniards and the Dutch, however the Spaniards tried to conquer his subjects, but failed and were forced to ransom their soldiers from the Sultan. Governor-General Diego Fajardo Chacón signed a treaty with Kudarat on June 25, 1645 which allowed Spanish missionaries to established Christianity in Mindanao, allowing a church built, and trade in the Sultan’s territories.

On November 4, 1663, warriors under Sultan Kudarat raided the town of Baybay in Leyte.

He died at about 1671 at the age of 90, and his grandchildren referred to him as Nasir ud-Din.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Biographies[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Laut Buisan
Sultan of Maguindanao
1619-1671
Succeeded by
Sultan Dundang Tidulay
Preceded by
Sultan Mawallil Wasit
Sultan of Sulu
as Sultan Nasir ud-Din II

1645-1648
Succeeded by
Sultan Salah ud-Din Bakhtiar