Mohammed V of Morocco

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For those of a similar name, see Mohamed V (disambiguation).
Mohammed V of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco (1927–57)
King of Morocco (1957–61)
Mohammed V of Morocco.jpg
Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco visiting Lawrence Livermore Lab, United States, in 1957
Reign 1927–61
Born (1909-08-10)10 August 1909
Birthplace Fes, Morocco
Died 26 February 1961(1961-02-26) (aged 51)
Place of death Rabat, Morocco
Buried Royal Mausoleum,
Rabat, Morocco
Predecessor Yusef
Successor Hassan II
Issue Princess Fatima Zohra
Hassan II
Princess Aicha
Princess Malika
Prince Abdellah
Princess Nuzha
Princess Amina
Royal house Alaouite dynasty
Father Yusef
Mother Lalla Yaqut
Religious beliefs Sunni Islam
Mohammed V's tomb inside his mausoleum at Rabat, with Hassan II's tomb in the background

Mohammed V (10 August 1909 – 26 February 1961) (Arabic: محمد الخامس‎) was Sultan of Morocco from 1927–53, exiled from 1953–55, where he was again recognized as Sultan upon his return, and King from 1957 to 1961. His full name was Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef, or Son of (Sultan) Yusef, upon whose death he succeeded to the throne. He was a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.

On 20 August 1953, the French who were occupying Morocco at the time forced Mohammed V and his family into exile on Corsica. His uncle, Mohammed Ben Aarafa, was placed on the throne. Mohammed V and his family were then transferred to Madagascar in January 1954. Mohammed V returned from exile on 16 November 1955, and was again recognized as Sultan after active opposition to the French protectorate. In February 1956 he successfully negotiated with France for the independence of Morocco, and in 1957 took the title of King.

Personal life[edit]

Mohammed V was one of the sons of Sultan Yusef, who was enthroned by the French in September 1912 and his wife Lalla Yaqut, who was of Turkish origin.[1]

His first wife was Lalla ? bint Mamoun. She was the mother of his first daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra.

His second wife was Lalla Abla bint Tahar (Arabic: لالا عبلة بنت طهار‎) (born 5 September 1909 – died 1 March 1992). She was the daughter of Moulay Tahar bin Hassan. She married Mohammed V in 1929 and died in Rabat on 1 March 1992. She gave birth to five children: the future King Hassan II, Lalla Aicha, Lalla Malika, Moulay Abdellah and Lalla Nuzha.[2]

His third wife was Lalla Bahia, mother of his last daughter Lalla Amina.

Death[edit]

He died on 26 February 1961 following complications of a surgery he received.[3] There were many who suspected that the King's son, Hassan II, had a hand in his father's sudden death.

Legacy[edit]

The Mohammed V International Airport and Stade Mohamed V of Casablanca are named after him, as well as numerous universities and various public spaces across Morocco. There is an Avenue Mohammed V in nearly every Moroccan city and a major one in Tunis, Tunisia.

In December 2007, The Forward reported on a secret diplomatic initiative by the Moroccan government to have Mohammed V admitted to the Righteous Among the Nations.[4]

Honours[edit]

[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prince Moulay Hicham El Alaoui. Journal d'un Prince Banni: Demain le Maroc (Grasset ed.). 9 April 2014. ISBN 978-2-246-85166-0. "allait devenir la petite-fille préférée de Hassan II, le roi s’est émerveillé sans aucune gêne des yeux bleus de la nouveau-née. « Elle tient ça de son arrière-grand-mère turque », faisait-il remarquer en rappelant les yeux azur de la mère de Mohammed V" 
  2. ^ International Business Publications, Morocco Foreign Policy and Government Guide p. 84
  3. ^ "Mohammed V of Morocco Dies at 51 After Surgery". New York Times. 26 February 1961. Retrieved 13 June 2008. "King Mohammed V died today after a minor operation. He was 51 years old and had occupied the throne since 1927" 
  4. ^ An Arab King Righteous Among the Nations?. The Forward, 12 December 2007
  5. ^ "''Royal Ark''". Royalark.net. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Yusef
Sultan of Morocco
1927–1953
Succeeded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Preceded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Sultan of Morocco
1955–1957
Succeeded by
Himself
as King
Preceded by
Himself
as Sultan
King of Morocco
1957–1961
Succeeded by
Hassan II