Sultan of Johor

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This article is about the sultan of Johor. For the sultanate, see Sultanate of Johor.
Sultan of Johor
BenderaSultanJohor.gif
Arms of His Royal Highness the Sultan of Johor


Style His Royal Highness
Heir apparent Tunku Ismail Idris ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail
First monarch Alauddin Riayat Shah II
Formation 1528

Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the nominal ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor. In the past, the sultan held absolute power over the state and was advised by a bendahara. Nowadays, the role of bendahara has been taken over by a more powerful chief minister with the sultan's office being reduced to a figurehead who performs ceremonial and other socio-cultural functions.

History[edit]

The first sultan of Johor was Alauddin Riayat Shah II. He was the son of the last sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud Shah. The scion of the Sultanate of Malacca in Johor ended with the death of Sultan Mahmud Shah II in 1699 and throne was taken over by Sultan Abdul Jalil IV. Abdul Jalil IV was a bendahara before the death of the sultan.

Though Johor has been ruled over by at least 20 sultans, the first sultan of modern Johor (Temenggong dynasty)[1] was Sultan Abu Bakar who reigned from 1862 to 1895. He was the first person from the temenggung family to become the sultan in Johor's history. His father, Temenggung Ibrahim managed to consolidate enough power to disfranchise Sultan Ali who died in 1877.

Office-holder[edit]

The office of sultan is currently held by Sultan Ibrahim Ismail of Johor, who was crowned as the 25th Sultan of Johor on 23 January 2010. His father, Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Ismail Al-Khalidi, a great-grandson of Sultan Abu Bakar died on 22 January 2010. Ibrahim Ismail, the then Tunku Mahkota of Johor (Crown Prince of Johor), was appointed as Acting Sultan of Johor on the same day. The proclamation of His Royal Highness' death was announced nationwide by the Menteri Besar of Johor, Datuk Seri Abdul Ghani Othman later that night. The funeral was held on 23 January after the coronation of Sultan Ibrahim Ismail.

List of office bearers[edit]

Sultans of Johor Reign
Malacca-Johor Dynasty
Alauddin Riayat Shah II 1528–1564
Muzaffar Shah II 1564–1570
Abdul Jalil Shah I 1570–1571
Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II 1571–1597
Alauddin Riayat Shah III 1597–1615
Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah 1615–1623
Abdul Jalil Shah III 1623–1677
Ibrahim Shah of Johor 1677–1685
Mahmud Shah II 1685–1699
Bendahara Dynasty
Abdul Jalil IV of Johor (Bendahara Abdul Jalil) 1699–1720
Malacca-Johor Dynasty (descent)
Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah of Johor (Raja Kecil) 1718–1722
Bendahara Dynasty
Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah of Johor 1722–1760
Abdul Jalil Muazzam Shah of Johor 1760–1761
Ahmad Riayat Shah of Johor 1761 - 1761
Mahmud Shah III 1761–1812
Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah 1812–1819
Hussein Shah (Tengku Long) 1819–1835
Ali Iskandar 1835–1877
Temenggong Dynasty
Raja Temenggung Tun Ibrahim 1855–1862
Abu Bakar 1862–1895
Ibrahim 1895–1959
Ismail 1959–1981
Mahmud Iskandar Al-Haj 1981–2010
Ibrahim Ismail [2] 2010 - current

Genealogy tree[edit]

  • H.H. Sri Paduka Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja Daeng Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja ‘Abdu’l Rahman, Maharaja of Johor
       (8th December 1810 - 10th March 1855 - 31st January 1862, ancestor of the sultanal Temenggong Dynasty)
    • H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Abu Bakar al-Khalil Ibrahim Shah ibni al-Marhum Dato’ Temenggong Sri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim (3rd February 1833 - 31st January 1862 - 4th June 1895)
      • H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Al-Haj Sir Ibrahim al-Mashur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar (17th September 1873 - 4th June 1895 - 8th May 1959)
        • Y.M. Tunku Muhammad Khalid ibni Tunku Mahkota Ibrahim
        • H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ibrahim (28th October 1894 - 8th May 1959 - 10th May 1981)
          • Y.M. Tunku 'Abdu'l Jalil ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (11th May 1924 -16th May 1925)
          • Y.M. Tunku 'Abdu'l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (29th July - 16th September 1930)
          • H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (8th April 1932 - 10th May 1981 - 22nd January 2010)
            oo Y.A.M. Enche’ Besar Hajjah Kalthom binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. in England, 2nd December 1935), née Josephine Ruby Trevorrow
            • H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Iskandar al-Haj (Born 22nd November 1958 - enthr. 23rd January 2010 - )
              oo H.R.H. Raja Zarith Sofia binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris al-Mutawakil Allah Afifu’llah Shah, princess of Perak (14th August 1959 - )
              • H.H. Tunku Dato’ Ismail Idris ‘Abdu’l Majid Abu Bakar Iskandar ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Mahkota (Crown Prince, 30th June 1984 - )
              • Y.A.M. Paduka Putri Tunku Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Sultan Ibrahim Ismail [Tunku Ina] (8th April 1986 - )
              • Y.A.M. Tunku Idris Iskandar Ismail ‘Abdu’l Rahman ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Temenggong (25th December 1987 - ).
              • Y.A.M. Tunku ‘Abdu’l Jalil Iskandar ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (5th July 1990 - ).
              • Y.A.M. Tunku ‘Abdu’l Rahman Hassanal Jeffrii bni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (5th February 1993 - )
              • Y.A.M. Tunku ‘Abu Bakar Iman ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (30th May 2001 - )


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nadarajah, Johore and the Origins of British Control, pg 44
  2. ^ http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v5/newsindex.php?id=470519
  3. ^ Royal Ark, p.14, Abu Bakar - Ibrahim, p.15, Ismail - Ismail Idris

References[edit]

  • Nesalamar Nadarajah, Johore and the Origins of British Control, 1895–1914, Arenabuku, 2000, ISBN 967-970-318-5

T. Wignesan, "A Peranakan's View of the fin de siècle monde malais - Na Tian Piet's Endearing syair of Epic Proportions" [partial tranls. with introduction and notes to Na Tian Piet's "Sha'er of the late Sultan Abu Bakar (of Johor)"]in The Gombak Review, Vol. 4,N° 2 (International Islamic University Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur, 1999, pp. 101–121. Cf. also: T. Wignesan. Sporadic Striving amid Echoed Voices, Mirrored Images and Stereotypic Posturing in Malaysian-Singaporean Literatures. Allahabad: Cyberwit.net, 2008, pp. 196–218. ISBN 978-81-8253-120-8 Cf. http://www.stateless.freehosting.net/TTianPiet.htm

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