Sultan of Perak

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Sultan of Perak
Style His Royal Highness
First monarch Sultan Muzaffar Shah I
Formation 1528

The Sultan of Perak is one of the oldest hereditary seats among the Malay states.

Replica of royal throne of Perak in National Museum
This white headgear embroidered with silver thread, named "Rooster with Broken Wings", is the headdress of the Sultan of Perak.

When the Sultanate of Malacca empire fell to Portugal in 1511, Sultan Mahmud Syah I retreated to Kampar, Sumatra, and died there in 1528. He left behind two princes named Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II and Sultan Muzaffar Syah. The former went on to establish the Sultanate of Johor. Muzaffar Syah was invited to rule Perak: he became the first sultan of Perak.

List of Sultans of Perak[edit]

Malacca Dynasty

  • 1. Sultan Muzaffar Shah I Ibni Almarhum Sultan Mahmud Shah of Melaka (1528–1549)
  • 2. Sultan Mansur Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah (1549–1577)
  • 3. Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah (1577–1584)
  • 4. Sultan Tajul Ariffin Ibni Almarhum Sultan Mansur Shah (1584–1594)
  • 5. Sultan Alauddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Kecil Lasa Inu (1594–1603)
  • 6. Sultan Mukaddam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah (1609–1619)
  • 7. Sultan Mansur Shah II Ibni Almarhum Raja Kecil Lasa Inu (1619–1627)
  • 8. Sultan Mahmud Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah (1627–1630)
  • 9. Sultan Sallehuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Mahmud Shah (1630–1635)- Died at Acheh

Siak Dynasty

Genealogy[edit]

  • Sultan Muzaffar Shah II (1636 - 1654) -- Marhum Jalilu'llah [1]
    • Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Shah (1654 - 1720), né Raja Mahmud
    • Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan Mansur Shah, Yang di-Pertuan Muda. + before 1720, having had seven sons :
      • Sultan 'Ala' ud-din Mughayat Ri'ayat Shah (1720-1728) -- né Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Radin, Raja Muda,
        • Raja Kechil Bongsu.
        • Raja Kechil Ampuan.
          oo ca. 1750, Sultan Mahmud Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah Aminu'llah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Perak (d. 17 June 1773), third son of Sultan Muhammad Shah Aminu'llah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Perak.
      • Sultan Muzaffar Shah III Johan Berdaulat Per Alam Jalalu'llah (1728-1742 & 1750-1754) -- Marhum Hajiu'llah, né Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Inu, Raja Muda, of Bernam
      • Raja 'Abdu'l-Jalil
      • Raja Daha, Raja Kechil Muda. + after 1752,
      • Sultan Muhammad Shah (1742-1750) -- Marhum Aminu'llah, né Raja Vishnu [Raja Bisnu]
        • Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain Inayat Shah (1754-1765) -- Marhum Kaharu'llah, né Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Iskandar, Raja Muda
          • Raja 'Abdu'l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain . b. at Istana Merchu 'Alam, Pulau Indira Sakti, ca. 1755 (s/o Raja Budak Rasul).
        • Sultan Mahmud Shah II (1765 - 1773) -- Marhum Muda, né Raja Saleh, Raja Kimas
          Raja Kechil Muda 1750, Heir Apparent (Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam) 1764. Removed his capital to Pasir Pulai, which he renamed Pulau Besar Indra Mulia. oo ca. 1750, the Raja Kechil Ampuan,
          • Raja Ibrahim -- al-Marhum Sayong, Raja Bendahara. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Muda, and prom. Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir. Dead before 1786
            • Raja Mahmud, Raja Bendahara. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu Muda 1764, and prom. to Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir 1786. Although the designated heir, he refused to come to Sulong to be recognised as ruler, leaving the body of his grand uncle unburied for three months, thus forfeiting the succession in 1792.
              • Non dynastic descent
        • Sultan 'Ala ud-din Mansur Shah (1773 - 1792) -- Marhum Sulong, né Raja 'Ala ud-din, Raja Bendahara
        • Raja Inu [al-Marhum Tengah], Raja Bendahara. Granted the title of Raja di-Hiler 1752, and prom. to Raja Bendahara 1773.
          m. (first) Raja Che' Puan Tengah, daughter of Raja 'Abdu'l-Hamid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah.
          m. (second) the Che Puan Bendahara, of Labu Kubang Lanih. He had issue, two sons and two daughters:
          • Raja 'Abdu'l-Rahman bin Raja Inu (s/o Che' Puan Tengah). m. Raja Long Irang Juma'at binti Raja Chulan (she was k. by her husband as she came up from her bath), daughter of Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Chulan bin Raja 'Abdu'l-Hamid, Raja Muda. He was k. by his father when about to run amok in the Palace.
          • Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Radin Shahidu'llah bin Raja Inu, Raja Muda . Granted the title of Raja Bendahara, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 1786. m. Raja Chu binti Raja Chulan ['Ungku Chu], Raja Che' Puan Besar, younger daughter of Raja Chulan bin Raja 'Abdu'l-Hamid, Raja Muda. He was k. in an attack by Inche' Sadan, at Fort Kepas, 1842, having had issue, one son and two daughters:
            • Raja 'Umar bin Raja Radin Shahidu'llah.
        • Sultan Ahmaddin Shah (1792 - 1806) -- Marhum Bongsu, né Raja Ahmad, Raja Kechil Bongsu
          • Sultan 'Abdu'l-Malik Mansur Mu'azzam Shah (1806 - 1825) -- Marhum Jamalu'llah, né Raja 'Abdu'l-Malik. Appointed to succeed his father three months after his death because the designated heir, Raja Bendahara Mahmud, would not come down to Sayong to be installed. Established his capital at Pasir Garam. Refused to accept Siamese sovereignty, but was forced to surrender to a large army snet by the Sultan of Kedah, on behalf of the Siamese King. Removed from exercising executive powers by the Sultan of Kedah, after 18 November 1818. Permitted to retain his titles for life, and forbidden from taking part in councils.
            • Raja Taj ud-din. Regent for his younger brother 1818-1825.
            • Sultan 'Abdu'llah Mu'azzam Shah (1825–1830) -- Marhum Khalilu'llah, né Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja 'Abdu'llah, Raja Muda
            • Sultan Ahmad Shah Johan Berdaulat Khalifatu'llah, Yang di-Pertuan Muda. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Tengah, prom. to Raja di-Hiler, and appointed as deputy ruler with the title of Paduka Sri Tuanku Yang di-Pertuan Muda 1806.
              • Sultan Ja'afar Safi ud-din Mu'azzam Shah (1857–1865) -- Marhum Waliu'llah, né Raja Ngah Ja'afar. Granted the title of Raja di-Hiler late 1826, prom to Raja Bendahara 1830, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 1841. Succeeded 1857.
                • H.M Sultan 'Abdu'llah Muhammad Shah II (1874 - 1877) -- Marhum Habibu'llah, né Raja 'Abdu'llah, Raja Muda, b. 21 September 1842. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam, 1865. Went into rebellion and proclaimed himself Sultan, in opposition to Sultan Ismail, ca. 21 February 1872. Recognised as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan together with the style of His Majesty, by the Treaty of Pangkor, 20 January 1874. Implicated in the murder of the British Resident J W W Burch. Deposed and exiled to the Seychelles on 30 March 1877, where he spent five years on the island of Félicité and before removing to Mahé. Allowed to return to Malaya and settled at Singapore 13 March 1895, later removed to Penang, before finally returning to Kuala Kangsar in 1912. Styled Ex-Sultan ‘Abdu’llah Muhammad Shah Habibu’llah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ja’afar Safi ud-din Mu’azzam Shah with the style of His Highness, after his abdication. A gifted artist and composer during his years of exile, including what became the Malaysian National Anthem in 1957.
                • Raja Musa. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 12 January 1899. + 1906
                  • Sultan Abdu'l-Aziz al-Mu'tasim Shah Billah KCMG, KBE (1938-1948) -- Marhum Nik'matullah. b. 14 November 1887, Appointed as Heir Presumptive with the title of Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir, 1 August 1918 and Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam, 18 December 1918. Succeeded 14th October 1938. Proclaimed at Kuala Kangsar, 17 October 1938. Crowned at the Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar, 4 March 1939. Rcvd: Silver Jubilee (1935), and Coron (1937) medals, and KC of the Order of the Crown of Siam (1924).
                    • Raja Dato’ Musa, Raja Muda. b. 16 June 1919. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 15 October 1938, prom. to Raja Kechil Muda 1 January 1940, Raja Kechil Sulong 1945, Raja Kechil Besar 1953, Raja di-Hiler 30 June 1962, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 1 March 1963. Hon ADC to the Sultan 1948. Rcvd: SPMP, JP, PJK, DYTM. He died at London, 12 May 1983. Eleven sons :
                      • a) Commander D.Raja Dato’ Sri Ja’afar, Raja di-Hiler . b. 26 September 1941. Raised to the titles of Raja Kechil Tengah 3 February 1984, Raja Kechil Sulong 1998, and Raja di-Hiler 10 March 1998. Rcvd: DK (15.4.1998), SPCM (19.4.1986), JSM.
                        • i) Raja Shah Azman
                      • b) Captain Raja Kobat Saleh ud-din [Roger Kobat]. b. at Taiping, 30 January 1943. Two daughters
                      • c) Raja Taj ud-din ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (s/o Mariam).
                      • d) Raja Saleh uz-Zaman ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (s/o Mariam), educ. Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar.
                      • e) Raja ‘Ala ud-din ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (s/o Mariam). Copyright©Christopher Buyers
                      • f) Raja Dato’ ‘Abdu’l Aziz ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (s/o Mariam) b. 1949, Rcvd: DPMP (23.4.2007), educ. Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar. Two daughters and two sons.
                      • g) Raja Shahrir uz-Zaman ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa. b. 1950 (s/o Rafida), educ. Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar.
                      • h) Raja Muhammad Hatta . 3 children, 2 daughters
                      • i) Raja ‘Abdu’l Rahman
                      • j) Raja ‘Abdu’l Razak. Author and journalist.
                      • k) Raja Muzafar Shah. Rcvd: PMP (2008). One daughter
                  • Raja Ja'afar Billah
              • Raja Alang Iskandar Shah -- Marhum Kuala Teja, Raja Bendahara (cre. 1841)
                • Raja Hasan
                  • Raja Ngah Ja'afar.
                • Raja Kulop Muhammad Kramat, of Kuala Dipang
                  • Raja Ismail
                    • Raja Andak
                • Sultan Sir Idris Murshid al-Azzam Shah GCMG, GCVO (1887–1916) -- Marhum Rahmatu'llah, né Raja Idris [Dris], Raja Muda,
                  • Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Nasir ud-din Muhtaram KCMG, OBE ( – 20 January 1916 - November 1918) -- Marhum Radziallah
                    • Sultan Yusuf Izz ud-din Rathiu’llah KCMG (15 January 1890 – 29 March 1948 – 4 January 1963) -- Marhum Ghafarullah.
                      • Sultan ‘Azlan Muhib ud-din Shah GCB, KStJ (19 April 1928 – 3 February 1984 – ). Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 19 August 1962, prom. to Raja Kechil Tengah 1 March 1963, Raja Kechil Sulong 1 January 1978, Raja Kechil Besar 1 August 1978, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 1 July 1983. Succeeded on the death of his cousin, 31 January 1984. Proclaimed at Ipoh, 3 February 1984. Crowned at Istana Kinta, Kuala Kangsar, 9 December 1985. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agung, 9 February 1984. Installed at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 29 April 1984. Elected King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of Majesty, 2 March 1989. Crowned at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 26 April 1989. Left office and returned to Perak, 25 April 1994.
                        • Raja Datuk Sri Nazrin Shah, Raja Muda . b. 27 November 1956. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Besar 16 February 1984, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 15 April 1987.
                          Regent of Perak from 26 April 1989 to 25 April 1994 and since 27 January 2008.
                          Rcvd: DK, DKSA (18.4.2005), SPCM (19.4.1986), SPTS (19.4.1989), SPMP of Perlis, DK II of Selangor (13.12.2003), etc. m. at the Balai Istiadat, Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar, 17 May 2007, Tuanku Zara binti Salim, Raja Puan Besar (b. at Ipoh, 22 March 1973), invested with the title of Raja Puan Besar 18 May 2007, rcvd: DKSA (18.5.2007), DKA.
                          • Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah. b. 14 March 2008
                          • Raja Nazira Safya. b. 2 August 2011
                        • Raja Datuk Sri Ashman Shah, Raja Kechil Sulong . b. 28 December 1958. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 11 May 1987, and prom to Raja Kechil Tengah 10 March 1998, and prom to Raja Kechil Sulong 16 March 2010. Rcvd: SPCM (19.4.1988). He died following a severe attack of asthma, 30 March 2012
                          • Raja Datuk Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah, Raja Kechil Besar . b. 1994. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Besar 18 March 2010. Rcvd: DKA II (24.4.2010).
                  • Sultan Iskandar of Perak GCMG, KCVO (10 May 1881 – Nov 1918 – 14 October 1938) -- Marhum Kadassallah
                    • Sultan Idris II al-Mutawakil Allahahi Shah CMG (12 August 1924 – 5 January 1963 – 31 January 1984) -- Marhum Afifu’llah. b. 12 August 1924, as Raja Iris Shah. Granted the title of Raja di-Hiler 10 May 1934, prom to Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir 15 October 1938, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 12 July 1948. Succeeded on the death of his cousin, 4 January 1963. Proclaimed 6th January 1963. Crowned at the Balarong Sri, Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar, 26 October 1963.
                      • Raja Dato’ Sri Yusuf ‘Izz ud-din Iskandar Shah al-Haj . b. at Istana Raja Muda, Teluk Anson, 1954. Rcvd: SPCM (1.7.1983), DSAP. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 1st March 1963, suspended for ten years 1978 but pardoned and reinstated 31st March 1979, prom to Raja Kechil Tengah 1st April 1979, prom to Raja Kechil Sulong 1st July 1983, and prom to Raja Kechil Besar 11th May 1987 (stripped of the title following a declaration of bancruptcy, 25th November 2006). m. Tengku Datin Sri Noor Hazah al-Hajjah binti Tengku ‘Abdu’l Aziz Shah (b. 7th November 1955), Presdt Malaysian Netball Assoc (MNA), daughter of Tengku ‘Abdu’l Aziz Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, Tengku Indra Setia di-Raja, of Selangor, by his second wife, Sharifa Hasnah binti Sayyid Zain Shahab ud-din. He had issue, two sons and three daughters:
                        • Raja Muzaffar Idris Shah [Ariezz]. b. at Ipoh, 28th December 19XX
                        • Raja Putra Muhamad Riza. b. at Ipoh, 13 December 1981
                      • Raja Dato’ Sri Haji Iskandar Zulkarnain . Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 3 February 1984, prom to Raja Kechil Tengah 11 May 1987, to Raja Kechil Sulong 10 March 1998, and to Raja Kechil Besar 18 March 2010. Rcvd: SPCM (1.7.1983), SSDK.
                        • Raja Nabil Imran.
                        • Raja Idris Shah.
                        • Raja Siff ud-din.
                    • D.Raja Dato’ Sri Ahmad Shiff ud-din Shah [Tengku Tam], Raja Muda. b. 1930. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Sulong 1982, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 3 February 1984. Rcvd: DK, SPCM (1.7.1983, DPCM), SPMK, JP. He died from heart failure, at the General Hospital, Kuala Trengganu, 12 April 1987 (bur. Royal Mausoleum, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar)
                      • Raja Ain ul-Azam. Rcvd: AMP (19.4.2002).
                      • Raja Najib ud-din
                      • Raja Saif ul-Adian
                      • Raja Khair ul-Annuar
                      • Raja Muhammad Alwi
                      • Raja Kamar Azhar
                      • Raja Iskandar Muda
                      • Raja Ismail Mudzaffar Shah
                • Raja Lope Ahmad
                  • Raja Inu
                  • Raja Zainal Rashid
                  • Raja Muhammad Rashid
          • Raja Inu Muhammad Saleh, Raja Kechil Lasa
            • Sultan Shahab ud-din Ri'ayat Shah (1830–1851) -- Marhum Safiu'llah, né Raja Chulan. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Muda 1786, prom. to Raja Bendahara, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Paduka Sri Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam, 1826. Succeeded 20 December 1830.
              • Raja Mahmud, dead at a young age.
              • Sultan 'Ali al-Mukammil 'Inayat Shah (1865 - 1871) -- Marhum Nabiu'llah, né Raja Ngah 'Ali. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam, 1850. Succeeded, 20 March 1865. Installed 9th October 1865.
                • Raja 'Usman, Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir (s/o Raja Puteh Zalikha). Appointed as Heir Presumptive with the title of Raja Bendahara Wakil us-Sultan Wazir al-Kabir 3 July 1871, becoming the first to be so styled. Regent of Perak 1876. + 1876
                  • Raja Muhammad bin Raja 'Usman, Orang Kaya-Kaya Imam Paduka Tuan.
                • Raja 'Umar
                  • Raja Ngah Abu Bakar. b. February 1870.
                    • Raja Mahadi
                      • Raja Musa OStJ (1957). b. 24 March 1903 Rcvd: Defence (1945) and Coron. (1953) medals.
                        • Raja 'Abdu'l-Aziz . b. 12 December 1940
                  • Raja Muhammad Iskandar
                    • Raja Ngah 'Ali, Raja Kechil Tengah. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 1 October 1941, and prom. to Raja Kechil Tenah 15 July 1948. Hon. ADC to the Sultan 1948. He died 12 May 1955
                      • Raja Othman
                        • Raja Amin ud-din. Two daughters
                        • (b) Raja Chulan
          • Raja 'Abdu'l-Rahman, Raja Bendahara. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Sulong Tua, prom. to Raja Kechil Bongsu 1825, and finally to Raja Bendahara 1826.
            • Sultan 'Abdu'llah Muhammad Shah I (1851–1857) -- Marhum 'Atiku'llah, né Raja 'Abdu'llah. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Muda, prom. to Raja di-Hiler 1826, and finally Raja Bendahara late 1826.
              • Sultan Yusuf Sharif ud-din Muzaffar Shah (1877 - 1887) -- Marhum Ghafiru'llah. Appointed as heir apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam April 1875. Appointed as Regent of Perak with the style of His Highness, 30 March 1877. Crowned as Sultan, at Kuala Kangsar 11 May 1887.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PERAK3". Royalark.net. Retrieved 29 January 2012.