Sultanate of Maguindanao

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Sultanate of Maguindanao
الملكي سلطنة ماجوينداناو
Magindanaw
1500–1888


Flag of Maguindanao Sultanate

Approximate extent of influence of the Sultanate of Maguindanao in the 17th century.
Capital Kuta Wato
Languages Arabic (official), Iranun, Maguindanao, Malay, Maranao, Manobo languages
Religion Islam
Government Absolute Monarchy
Sultan
 -  1619–1671 Dipatuan Kudarat
Historical era Spanish colonization
 -  Established 1500
 -  Spanish conquest of Maguindanao 1888
Currency Barter
Today part of  Philippines
 Indonesia

The Sultanate of Maguindanao was a Maguindanaon Bangsamoro Islamic state that ruled parts of the island of Mindanao, in southern Philippines. Its known historical influence stretches from the peninsula of Zamboanga to the bay of Sarangani. At its peak, the sultanate covered the entire island of Mindanao, and ruled over the smaller neighboring islands near and around Mindanao. During the era of European colonization, the Sultanate maintained friendly relations with British and Dutch traders.[1]

The sultanate's sovereignty was dissolved in early 20th century when Spanish Governor General Emilio Terrero personally led a military expedition on Buayan itself. Every kota (the Malay term for city) of Maguindanao, including the capital built by Datu Uto, was demolished.[1]

History[edit]

Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johor introduced Islam in the area at the end of the 16th century and established himself as Sultan seated in Malabang-Lanao. He exiled some of his people who deviated from the Islamic faith to Cotabato. He subsequently married dayang-dayang (princess) Paramisuli of the Maguinadanao family ruling class in Dulawan and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao seated in Dulawan and virtually as Sultan of the whole island of the so-called Mindanao.[2] The sultanate was usually centered in the valley of Cotabato.

Asraf Mohamad Samalan Dipatuan Qudratullah Fahar'uddin Nasiruddin, popularly known as Qudarat and whose name as a youth was Ullah Untong, was one of the greatest known sultans who controlled Mindanao. In his island sanctuary in Sulu, he was known as Sultan Nasiruddin and was the Sultan of that island recognized by the Sulu Sultan and his grave still stands there.

Abd al-Rahman, his grandson, continued increasing the Sultanate's power and influence.

During the Spanish colonial period, the Sultanate of Maguindanao was able to defend its territory, preventing the Spaniards from colonizing the entire Mindanao and ceding the island of Palawan to the Spanish government in 1705. The island priory ceded to him by Sulu Sultan Sahabuddin. This was to have help dissuaded Spanish encroachments into the island of Maguinadanao.

List of sultans of Maguindanao[edit]

Reign Sultan Other name(s)
1520–1543 Shariff Kabungsuwan A Johore (Singapore) Makdum Prince who fled to Malabang Lanao and seated as Sharif Kabungsuwan. Married the daughter of Chieftain Aliwya of the Maguindanao family clan at Dulawan, Cotabato. Took over the father inlaw's political powers establishing the Sultanate of Maguindanao later called by the Spanish as Mindanao. He is the second Makdum known as Karim Ul-Makdum who reinforced Islam and His brother Sulu Sultan Shariful Hashim promulgated Kor'anic studies or Madrassahs.

The said Sharif is buried at Simunul Island Tamppat.

1543–1574 Sultan Maka-alang Saripada
1574–1578 Sultan Bangkaya
1578–1585 Sultan Dimasangcay Adel
1585–1597 Sultan Gugu Sarikula Datu Salikala
1597–1619 Sultan Laut Buisan Datu Katchil
1619–1671? Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat Datu Qudratullah Katchil
1671?–1678? Sultan Dundang Tidulay Sultan Saif ud-Din (Saifud Din)
1678?–1699 Sultan Barahaman Sultan Muhammad Shah Minulu-sa-Rahmatullah
1699–1702 Sultan Kahar ud-Din Kuda Maulana Amir ul-Umara Jamal ul-Azam
1702–1736 Sultan Bayan ul-Anwar { Maruhom Batua } Dipatuan Jalal ud-Din
Mupat Batua (posthumously)
1710–1736
(in Tamontaka)
Sultan Amir ud-Din Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Jafar Sadiq Manamir
Shahid Mupat (posthumously)
1736–1748
(in Sibugay, Buayan, Malabang)
Sultan Muhammad Tahir ud-Din Dipatuan Malinug
Muhammad Shah Amir ud-Din
1733–1755
(paramount chief of Maguindanao by 1748)
Sultan Rajah Muda Muhammad Khair ud-Din Pakir Maulana Kamsa
Amir ud-Din Itamza
Azim ud-Din Amir ul-M'umimin
1755–1780? Sultan Pahar ud-Din Datu Panglu/Pongloc
Mupat Hidayat (posthumously)
1780?–1805? Sultan Kibad Sahriyal Muhammad Azim ud-Din Amir ul-Umara
1805?–1830? Sultan Kawasa Anwar ud-Din Muhammad Amir ul-Umara Iskandar Jukarnain
1830–1854 Sultan Qudratullah Untung Iskandar Qudratullah Muhammad Jamal ul-Azam
Iskandar Qudarat Pahar ud-Din. Properly place, his name was Ullah Untong and seated as Sultan Ashrf Samalan Farid Quadratullah or better known as Sultan Qudarat. www.royalsultanate.weebly.com
1854–1884 Sultan Muhammad Makakwa
1884–1888 Sultan Wata Sultan Muhammad Jalal ud-Din Pablu
1888–1896 No sultan
Sultan Anwar ud-Din contested Datu Mamaku (son of Sultan Qudratullah Untung) of Buayan for the throne versus the then sultan Datu Mangigin of Sibugay.
1896–1898 Sultan Taha Colo Sultan Rabago sa Tiguma
1908-1933 Sultan Mastura Kudarat Sultan Muhammad Hijaban Iskandar Mastura Kudarat, Sultan Mastura

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Palafox, Queenie. "The Sultan of the River". National Historical Commission. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "The Maguindanao Sultanate", Moro National Liberation Front web site. "The Political and Religious History of the Bangsamoro People, condensed from the book Muslims in the Philippines by Dr. C. A. Majuli." Retrieved January 9, 2008.