South Sumatra

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South Sumatra Province
Provinsi Sumatera Selatan
سومترا سلتن
Grand Mosque, Palembang
Grand Mosque, Palembang
Flag of South Sumatra Province
Official seal of South Sumatra Province
Motto: Bersatu Teguh (Indonesian)
(Strength in Unity)
Location of South Sumatra in Indonesia
Location of South Sumatra in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°45′S 103°50′E / 2.750°S 103.833°E / -2.750; 103.833Coordinates: 2°45′S 103°50′E / 2.750°S 103.833°E / -2.750; 103.833
Country Indonesia
Capital Palembang
 • Governor Alex Noerdin (Golkar)
 • Vice Governor Ishak Mekki
 • Total 91,592.43 km2 (35,364.03 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 7,996,535
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Malay (31%), Javanese (27%), Komering (6%), Musi Banyuasin (3%), Sundanese (2%)[1]
 • Religion Muslim (86%), Hindu (10.4%), Christian (1.5%), Buddhist (0.7%)
 • Languages Indonesian
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

South Sumatra Province (Indonesian: Provinsi Sumatera Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in the southern part of Sumatra Island, east of the Bukit Barisan Mountains. It spans 91,592.43 km2 (35,364 sq mi) and had a population of 7,450,394 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 7,996,535 (as at January 2014). The capital of the province is Palembang.


The province is located in the southeast portion of the island of Sumatra. The majority of its area consists of low-lying plains filled with plantations, forest, marshes and mangroves in coastal areas. The natural environment of South Sumatra is hot and humid tropical rain forest, however most of these forest has been cleared out to make way for palm oil plantation. The Bukit Barisan mountain range is located on western edge of the province and forms the bordering with the neighbouring Bengkulu province. The mountains become the source of rivers system that drained eastward to the Bangka Strait and South China Sea. The largest among these rivers is Musi River, one of the longest rivers in Sumatra.

The administrative area of the province borders the provinces of Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to the west, and Jambi to the north. Off the east coast are the islands of Bangka and Belitung, which were split from South Sumatra province to form the new province of Bangka-Belitung in 2000.

The climate of South Sumatra is quite suitable for palm oil industries, including palm estate and rubber industries.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 3,440,573 —    
1980 4,629,801 +34.6%
1990 6,363,074 +37.4%
1995 7,207,545 +13.3%
2000 6,899,675 −4.3%
2010 7,450,394 +8.0%
2014 7,996,535 +7.3%
Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010

Administrative Divisions[edit]

The capital of South Sumatra province is Palembang. As at 2010 this province was divided into eleven regencies (kabupaten)and four autonomous cities (kota), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) estimates.

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Estimate 2014
Palembang (city) 374.03 1,452,840 1,561,959 Palembang
Ogan Ilir Regency 2,513.09 380,861 408,826 Indralaya
Ogan Komering Ilir Regency 17,058.32 726,659 780,695 Kayu Agung
Ogan Komering Ulu Regency 2,772.56 323,420 347,799 Baturaja
East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency
(Ogan Komering Ulu Timur)
3,410.15 609,715 654,696 Martapura
South Ogan Komering Ulu Regency
(Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan)
5,493.94 318,345 341,770 Muara Dua
Prabumulih (city) 421.62 161,814 173,857 Prabumulih
Muara Enim Regency # 8,587.94 717,717 769,211 Muara Enim
Lahat Regency 4,076.06 370,146 397,094 Lahat
Pagar Alam (city) 570.16 126,363 135,431 Pagar Alam
Empat Lawang Regency 2,556.44 220,694 237,389 Tebing Tinggi
Lubuk Linggau (city) 419.80 201,217 216,064 Lubuk Linggau
Musi Rawas Regency * 12,134.57 524,919 564,030 Muara Beliti
Musi Banyuasin Regency 14,477.00 562,584 602,615 Sekayu
Banyuasin Regency 12,142.73 749,107 805,096 Pangkalan Balai
  • Note: # figures include area and populations of new Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Regency.
  • Note: * figures include area and populations of new Muratara Regency.

Since the Census in 2010 two additional regencies have been created. On 14 December 2012 the new Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Regency was created from part of Muara Enim Regency. And in June 2013 the new Muratara Regency was created from the northern part of Musi Rawas Regency.


The coal deposits of South Sumatra amount to 22.24 billion tons or 48.45 percent of the total national reserves. The province also has 4.18 trillion standard cubic feet of natural gas and 757.4 standard cubic feet of natural oil.[2]


  1. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. 
  2. ^ Indian investor to build railroad track in S Sumatra

External links[edit]