|Other names||谷口 稜曄|
|Known for||atomic bombing survivor; anti-nuclear weapons activist|
Sumiteru Taniguchi (谷口 稜曄 Taniguchi Sumiteru?) (born 1929) is a survivor of the 1945 atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, prominent activist for a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, and chairman of the Nagasaki Council of the A-Bomb Sufferers.
Atomic bombing of Nagasaki
In 1943, Taniguchi began working as a carrier for the Nishiura-Kami post office in Nagasaki.  On the morning of August 9, 1945, he was delivering mail on his bicycle when "Fat Man" exploded in the sky over Urakami. The bomb's heat flash heavily injured Taniguchi with near instant burns resulting, but the blast that arrived afterwards did not cause any severe injuries to him as he clung to the ground while buildings were blown down around him. Heavy burns melted skin from his back and left arm, but Taniguchi states that he did not bleed or feel any pain due to the nerve endings being burned away. Tired and disoriented, he walked over to a nearby munitions plant, where a female survivor assisted in cutting off loose portions of skin and rubbed machine oil on his damaged arm.
Come nightfall Taniguchi was carried to a hill to rest, where he was surrounded by confused and thirsty survivors. The next morning everyone but Taniguchi was dead. During the next two days rescue teams passed by without noticing him, as he was too weak to muster a call for help. Taniguchi was finally rescued on August 11 and taken to a country clinic about 18 miles away from Nagasaki. By mid-September he was moved to a primary school clinic in Nagasaki to receive the first course of medical treatment from a University Hospital team. The clinic was unsanitary and initial treatments proved inadequate as his wounds became infected and worsened.
In November Taniguchi was transferred to Omura Navy Hospital, where he spent the next 21 months lying on his stomach due to the severe burns on his back. During this time Taniguchi developed severe bedsores on his chest. As he recalls, "holes opened between my ribs and the movement of my heart and other organs became visible through the skin." In January 1946, U.S. Marine photographer Joe O'Donnell snapped a picture of Taniguchi's back while recording the aftermath of the bombing in 50 Japanese cities, this photograph is now exhibited in museums as a graphic depiction of the injuries suffered by survivors of the bombings.
The color photograph(s) of Sumiteru Taniguchi's red back are from motion picture film taken by (attributed to) Lieutenant Herbert Sussan. Sergeant Joe O'Donnell took an earlier black and white photograph and this is included in his book, Japan 1945: A U.S. Marine's Photographs from Ground Zero.
By May 1947, Taniguchi could finally sit up, and on March 20, 1949, he was discharged from the Omura hospital. However, his wounds were not treated properly until 1960, and continue to cause him great physical discomfort to this day. The improper burn healing and to some degree possibly the delayed stochastic effects of radiation exposure during and after the bombings manifested in the growth of numerous burn keloid tumors. As of 2007, Taniguchi had undergone ten surgeries to remove benign growths.
Sumiteru Taniguchi has devoted his life to informing people of the consequences of the 1945 atomic bombing and campaigning against nuclear proliferation. He continues to make frequent public appearances to speak to student groups and participate in demonstrations calling for nuclear disarmament. Taniguchi has given numerous interviews recounting his experiences and was featured in Steven Okazaki's 2007 documentary White Light/Black Rain: The Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- "Interview with Sumiteru Taniguchi Japanese Citizen, Nagasaki". People's Century: Fallout. PBS. 1999-06-15. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- Sprangens, John, Jr. (1979-08-27). "‘People were not like humans’". Corsicana (Texas) Daily Sun. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- "I spurred myself to stay alive". Bound by the bomb. Tri-City Herald. 1995-08-06. Retrieved 2007-08-13.[dead link]
- "6 months after the Nagasaki bomb". Mainichi Daily News. 2006-11-03. Retrieved 2007-08-13.[dead link]
- "Hibakusha: The importance of peace". Mainichi Daily News. 2006-05-09. Retrieved 2007-08-13.[dead link]
- "Hibakusha: 'Don't turn your eyes away'". Mainichi Daily News. 2006-11-03. Retrieved 2007-08-13.[dead link]
- "White Light, Black Rain: The Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki – Subject Bios". HBO. Retrieved 2007-08-13.