Summerland, British Columbia

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Summerland
District
District of Summerland
A view of Summerland
A view of Summerland
Coat of arms of Summerland
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Town of Festivals
Summerland is located in British Columbia
Summerland
Summerland
Location of Summerland in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°36′02″N 119°40′40″W / 49.60056°N 119.67778°W / 49.60056; -119.67778
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Region South Okanagan
Regional District Okanagan-Similkameen
Founded 1902
Government
 • Mayor Janice Perrino
Area
 • Total 73.88 km2 (28.53 sq mi)
Elevation 454 m (1,490 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 11,280
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Postal code V0H
Area code(s) +250
Website summerland.ca
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1921 1,892 —    
1931 1,791 −5.3%
1941 2,054 +14.7%
1951 3,567 +73.7%
1956 3,893 +9.1%
1961 4,307 +10.6%
1966 4,585 +6.5%
1971 5,551 +21.1%
1976 6,724 +21.1%
1981 7,473 +11.1%
1986 7,755 +3.8%
1991 9,253 +19.3%
1996 10,584 +14.4%
2001 10,713 +1.2%
2006 10,828 +1.1%
2011 11,280 +4.2%
Sources: Statistics Canada[1]

Summerland (2011 population 11,280) is a town on the west side of Okanagan Lake in the interior of British Columbia, Canada. The district is between Peachland to the north and Penticton to the south. The largest centre in the region is Kelowna, approximately 50 km to the north (via Highway 97), and Vancouver is approximately 425 km (264 mi) away to the west. The district is famous for "Bottleneck drive", a system of roads connecting a large number of wineries.

Electoral representatives[edit]

The current Mayor is Janice Perrino. The district's (2012 federal) Member of Parliament is Dan Albas. Its (provincial) Member of Legislative Assembly is Liberal cabinet minister; Dan Ashton.

History[edit]

In 2006, the District of Summerland celebrated its centennial as an incorporated municipality in 1906, yet the history of settlement in the Summerland area extends beyond that time. Summerland's first inhabitants were the Okanagan Salish with the Nation's boundaries extending from Kamloops to southern Washington State. The area known as "Nicola Prairie" was notably named after the Grand Chief Nicola.

A published map of the Okanagan Valley in 1827 includes only three sites for the entire Okanagan Valley; Nicola Prairie; Lone Tree (north end of Summerland); and Sandy Cove (across the lake from present day Kelowna). Summerland's proud and diverse past includes hunting and fur trading, ranching, orchards and fruit industries, transportation hubs and more recently, tourism. Immigration to the Summerland area commenced in the late 1880s when the first settlers arrived and began diverting water to irrigate orchards. The first commercial orchard was planted in the 1890s in Trout Creek, where a water license was issued to irrigate 1,000 acres.

The first settlement identified on maps of the Okanagan Valley was Priest Encampment located on the shores of Garnett Lake. Later development began on the shores of Okanagan Lake. The upper benches continued to be an important transportation route and a number of small communities were constructed or were planned for development. They included Upper Trout Creek, Balcomo, the Prairie Valley Townsite, Mineola and Appledale. In 1892 Upper Trout Creek was established.

Summerland's former name was Trout Creek. In the 1890s George Barclay operated the largest cattle ranch in Trout Creek. In 1902 Sir Thomas Shaughnessy bought the Barclay Ranch and formed Summerland; incorporation was not completed until 1906. By the 1920s the present location of downtown Summerland was developed and the earlier areas on the upper benches were not utilized or forgotten. Downtown Summerland (Siwash Flat) was originally part of the Penticton Indian Reserve No. 3 (exchanged between 1904-06 following a mutually agreeable land deal). The subject lands eventually became known as West Summerland.

Present day Lower Town was the original town site of Summerland. In the early 1900s the Summerland Development Company with Sir Thomas Shaughnessy (President) and J.M. Robinson (Manager) primarily responsible for the initial decisions on its development. From the Company, the community received water, septic tanks, electricity, a post office, a school and a sawmill. Settlers from across the prairies, eastern Canada and England were drawn to the Summerland area.

View from Giants Head south-east to Lake Okanagan

By 1907, Summerland had access to Peachland and Penticton with a well-established road system, and a ferry service connecting the community with the eastern shore of Okanagan Lake (Naramata). West Summerland (present day Downtown Summerland) experienced increased importance also in part due to a 1922 fire which destroyed many of the lakeside buildings in Lower Town.[2]

Sport[edit]

Summerland has few non-minor sports teams. The Summerland Steam is the most popular of Summerland's sports team. Minor Ice hockey side Summerland Jets are a serious hit in the town, as well as the minor baseball team, the Grays.

Geography[edit]

Summerland is located within the Thompson-Okanagan Plateau ecoregion. This is one of the warmest and driest ecoregions in Canada. It is characterized by rolling plateaus and major valley systems of the Okanagan, Thompson and Nicola rivers. The mean annual temperature of the major valleys is approximately 10°C with a summer mean of 21°C and a winter mean of -3.5°C; however, winter months are often very temperate and cold weather usually lasts no more than a few weeks, while summer months often see drought with high daytime and cool nighttime temperatures. In the summer of 2003, a severe drought nearly rendered the town's reservoir incapable of ensuring a water supply through to the beginning of the next annual replenishment cycle. Since then, awareness of the real need for water conservation measures has begun to be taken seriously, and permanent water use restrictions are now in place.

The immediate ecosystem consists of grasslands in a matrix of bluebunch wheat grass and sagebrush amongst scattered Ponderosa pines. The region has a gently rolling surface covered mainly by glacial deposits. Summerland is home to an extinct volcano, known locally as Giant's Head Mountain - so-named for its gigantic facial profile as viewed from the southeast. This "hill" dominates the town's land features and provides an hour's hike to the top for an expansive view up and down the Okanagan Valley.

The range of representative wildlife around Summerland includes mule deer, Canada geese, California quail, ravens, coyotes, blue grouse, bald eagles, and black widow spiders. Back into the hills surrounding Summerland is natural habitat for black bear, white-tailed deer, moose, cougars and bobcats, California big-horn sheep, mountain goats, and rattlesnakes.

Demographics[edit]

Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[3]
Chinese 65 0.6%
South Asian 145 1.4%
Black 45 0.4%
Filipino 10 0.1%
Latin American 10 0.1%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
Arab 0 0%
West Asian 10 0.1%
Korean 30 0.3%
Japanese 55 0.5%
Other visible minority 10 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 375 3.5%
Aboriginal group
Source:[4]
First Nations 290 2.7%
Métis 0 0%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 290 2.7%
White 10,020 93.8%
Total population 10,685 100%

Education[edit]

Summerland's public school system is operated by School District 67 Okanagan Skaha which operates two elementary schools (Giants Head and Trout Creek), one middle school (Summerland Middle), and one secondary school (Summerland Secondary). Summerland has one private school (a Montessori school), after The Glenfir School shut down in March 2011.[5]

Tourism[edit]

Summerland is popular because of its idyllic situation on Okanagan Lake and sandy beaches, a playground for three major Canadian population centres (Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton). Both tourism and tourist attractions are a significant industry. Agriculture, featuring fresh tree fruits (peaches, cherries, apples and pears), and canneries, were the economic engine of the region until the late 20th Century, when focus shifted away from tree fruits and over to grape production in support of the wine industry. Now, Summerland finds itself home to several world renowned wineries, and despite being in an arid desert climate, has several golf courses. Summerland is also home to the historic Kettle Valley Steam Railway.

Climate[edit]

Summerland has a humid continental climate with hot, dry summers and cool winters. Late fall and most of the winter see very little sunshine in Summerland, but Summerland gets more days with sunshine during the spring than any other place in Canada. The sun makes an appearance on average of 88.4 days each spring.

Climate data for Summerland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.7
(62.1)
22.2
(72)
28.9
(84)
33.9
(93)
38.3
(100.9)
40.0
(104)
37.8
(100)
36.0
(96.8)
28.5
(83.3)
19.5
(67.1)
15.6
(60.1)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
3.7
(38.7)
10.0
(50)
14.7
(58.5)
19.9
(67.8)
23.7
(74.7)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
21.0
(69.8)
13.3
(55.9)
5.3
(41.5)
0.2
(32.4)
13.9
(57)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
0.4
(32.7)
5.2
(41.4)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57)
17.6
(63.7)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
15.1
(59.2)
8.8
(47.8)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.4
(32.7)
3.7
(38.7)
7.8
(46)
11.5
(52.7)
13.8
(56.8)
13.7
(56.7)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.7
(23.5)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−8.9
(16)
−5.0
(23)
1.5
(34.7)
4.4
(39.9)
5.6
(42.1)
−3.9
(25)
−14.0
(6.8)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−30.0
(−22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.6
(1.008)
18.5
(0.728)
20.7
(0.815)
28.8
(1.134)
37.1
(1.461)
42.2
(1.661)
36.1
(1.421)
30.2
(1.189)
20.1
(0.791)
19.5
(0.768)
28.0
(1.102)
30.0
(1.181)
336.7
(13.256)
Rainfall mm (inches) 10.2
(0.402)
12.5
(0.492)
19.1
(0.752)
28.8
(1.134)
37.1
(1.461)
42.2
(1.661)
36.1
(1.421)
30.2
(1.189)
20.1
(0.791)
19.2
(0.756)
21.5
(0.846)
10.1
(0.398)
287.0
(11.299)
Snowfall cm (inches) 16.1
(6.34)
7.7
(3.03)
2.3
(0.91)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
6.7
(2.64)
21.0
(8.27)
54.0
(21.26)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.3 9.3 9.1 11.2 11.5 11.2 9.7 8.6 5.9 7.3 12.6 12.1 118.8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.1 6.3 8.6 11.2 11.5 11.2 9.7 8.6 5.9 7.2 10.8 4.6 100.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 5.8 3.3 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.5 8.1 20.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40.8 93.9 160.0 195.2 248.1 256.3 302.2 283.2 223.2 148.9 64.2 42.0 2,057.9
Percent possible sunshine 15.2 33.1 43.5 47.4 52.2 52.7 61.6 63.3 58.8 44.4 23.4 16.5 42.7
Source: [6]

International relations[edit]

Summerland serves as a sister city with Omak, Washington, a city in the United States,[7] and Toyokoro, Hokkaido, a town in Japan.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical Municipal Census Data: 1921–2011". BC Stats. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Official Community Plan". 
  3. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  4. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  5. ^ Kidd, Steve. "Final Bell Sounds for Summerland's Glenfir School". Penticton Western. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Washington's 'Sister' Relationships". Lieutenant Governor of Washington. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Toyokoro – Our Sister City". District of Summerland. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°36′02″N 119°40′40″W / 49.60056°N 119.67778°W / 49.60056; -119.67778 (Summerland)