Sumter County, Alabama

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Sumter County, Alabama
SumterCountyAlabamaCourthouseLivingstonAlabama.jpg
Sumter County Courthouse in Livingston, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Sumter County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832[1]
Named for Thomas Sumter
Seat Livingston
Largest city Livingston
Area
 • Total 913.30 sq mi (2,365 km2)
 • Land 904.94 sq mi (2,344 km2)
 • Water 8.37 sq mi (22 km2), (0.92%)
Population
 • (2010) 13,763
 • Density 15/sq mi (5.8/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.sumteralchamber.com

Sumter County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] Its name is in honor of General Thomas Sumter of South Carolina.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,763.[1][2] Its county seat is Livingston.

History[edit]

Sumter County was established on December 18, 1832. From 1797 to 1832, Sumter County was part of the Choctaw Nation, which was made up of four main villages.[1] The first settlers in Sumter County were French explorers who had come north from Mobile. They built and settled at Fort Tombecbee, near the modern-day town of Epes. In 1830, with the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the Choctaw Indians ceded the land that is now Sumter County to the government.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 913.30 square miles (2,365.4 km2), of which 904.94 square miles (2,343.8 km2) (or 99.08%) is land and 8.37 square miles (21.7 km2) (or 0.92%) is water.[3] It is intersected by the Noxubee River.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 29,937
1850 22,250 −25.7%
1860 24,035 8.0%
1870 24,109 0.3%
1880 28,728 19.2%
1890 29,574 2.9%
1900 32,710 10.6%
1910 28,699 −12.3%
1920 25,569 −10.9%
1930 26,929 5.3%
1940 27,321 1.5%
1950 23,610 −13.6%
1960 20,041 −15.1%
1970 16,974 −15.3%
1980 16,908 −0.4%
1990 16,174 −4.3%
2000 14,798 −8.5%
2010 13,763 −7.0%
Est. 2012 13,427 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,763 people residing in the county. 75.0% were Black or African American, 24.2% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.3% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 14,798 people, 5,708 households, and 3,664 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 6,953 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 25.92% White, 73.17% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Nearly 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,708 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.70% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. Nearly 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55, and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,911, and the median income for a family was $23,176. Males had a median income of $28,059 versus $17,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,491. About 32.90% of families and 38.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.40% of those under age 18 and 36.10% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Sumter County is part of the so-called Black Belt region of central Alabama. The region has suffered significant economic depression in recent years. But in April 2008, United States Steel announced plans to build at $150 million alloy plant near the community of Epes about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The plant will require 250 workers to construct in a town of only 206. Up to 235 full-time jobs will be created when completed with jobs paying about $50 thousand annually. The state of Alabama offered $28 million in incentives to get the plant located in Sumter County.[8] The plant will make use of a new technology that produces a carbon alloy for use in steel making at the U.S. Steel plant in Fairfield, Alabama near Birmingham.[9] At the time of the announcement, the unemployment rate in Sumter County was 6.1 percent.[9]

Cities and towns[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Sumter County is home to the University of West Alabama Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition and the Coleman Center for the Arts. The historic Alamuchee-Bellamy Covered Bridge is also located on the University of West Alabama campus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Sumter.
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Sumter, the name of four counties in the United States. IV. A W. county of Alabama". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Johnson, Bob (2008-04-19). "U.S. Steel announces plant for Alabama's Black Belt region". Press-Register (Mobile). pp. 6B. 
  9. ^ a b Kent, Dawn. "U.S. Steel to invest in Alabama Black Belt with first-of-its-kind coke alternative plant". The Birmingham News. The Birmingham News. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°35′30″N 88°12′15″W / 32.59167°N 88.20417°W / 32.59167; -88.20417