Sumy Oblast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sumy Oblast
Сумська область
Sums’ka oblast
Oblast
Flag of Sumy Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Sumy Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Сумщина (Sumshchyna)
Sumy in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Sumy
Government
 • Governor Volodymyr Shulha[1] (Batkivshchyna[5])
 • Oblast council 100[2] seats
 • Chairperson Gennadiy Mykhailenko[3] (Party of Regions[4])
Area
 • Total 23,834 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 16th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,221,368
 • Rank Ranked 19th
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 40000-41999
Area code +380-54
ISO 3166 code UA-59
Raions 18
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
15
7
Urban-type settlements 20
Villages 1492
FIPS 10-4 UP21
Website www.state-gov.sumy.ua

Sumy Oblast (Ukrainian: Сумська область, translit. Sums’ka oblast; also referred to as SumshchynaUkrainian: Сумщина) is an oblast (province) in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy.

Other important cities within the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, and Shostka.

As of 1 May 2004, the population is 1,255,866, which includes 886,100 city/town-dwellers, and 483,700 villagers.

Geography[edit]

The Sumy Oblast is situated in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The area of the oblast (23,800 km²), comprises about 3,95% of the total area of the country.

The oblast borders the Bryansk Oblast (Russia) on the northeast, the Kursk Oblast (Russia) on the east, the Poltava on the southwest, the Kharkiv Oblasts on the south, and the Chernihiv Oblast on the west.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sited were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Sumy Oblast was established on 10 December 1939. Today it comprises 18 raions (districts), 15 cities, 7 city municipalities, 20 Urban-type settlements, 384 village councils, and 1500 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Sumy Oblast:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Sumy)
  • Raions – 18;
  • City raions – 2;
  • Settlements – 1526, including:
    • Villages – 1491;
    • Cities/Towns – 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement – 20;
      • Cities – 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast subordinance – 7;
        • Cities of raion subordinance – 8;
  • Selsovets – 384.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Sumy Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Sumy Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 12.7% Increase (male 74,529/female 70,521)
15-64 years: 70.8% Decrease (male 386,250/female 422,077)
65 years and over: 16.5% Steady (male 60,374/female 127,306) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 42.0 years Increase
male: 38.6 years Increase
female: 45.4 years Increase (2013 official)

Environment[edit]

Detailed map of Sumy Oblast.

The Sumy Oblast contains 168 objects and territories of natural reserve. The oblast is rich in picturesque banks of numerous rivers, and sources of mineral waters. Major environmental problems are: soil erosion, pesticide pollution, air and water pollution. City has a problem of garbage utilization. The only place for pesticide utilization in Ukraine is Shostka, Sumy region.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The main industrial activities of the oblast are: chemical mechanical engineering, pumping and energy mechanical engineering, agricultural machine-construction, instrument-making industry and radio electronics, technical equipment production for processing fields of agro-industrial complexes, mining and iron ore production industry, polygraph industry and medicine production, oil and gas processing, chemical production, film and photo material production (See: Svema), and chemical fertilizer production. In general, there are 273 large industry enterprises and 327 small industry enterprises.

Agriculture[edit]

In 1999, the gross grain yield was about 446,000 tons, sugar beets – 664,000 tons, sunflower seeds – 27,700 tons, potatoes – 343,600 tons. The region also produced 108,700 tons of meat, 517,800 tons of milk and 295,300,000 eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 781 registered farms in the oblast.

Famous people from Sumy Oblast[edit]

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Sumy is the center of the Sums’ka oblast (Sumy Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Sumy Oblast, Sumshchyna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°00′N 34°00′E / 51.000°N 34.000°E / 51.000; 34.000