Sun (hieroglyph)

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N5
Sun
in hieroglyphs
Hieroglyphs at Karnak. (di-ānkh Rā-ma djet)
X8 S34
N5 W19
I10
X1
N17
(given,life)
(rā,like)
(forever)
(Note:Reversed in the Gardiner font.)

The Ancient Egyptian Sun hieroglyph is Gardiner sign listed no. N5 for the sun-disc;[1] it is also one of the hieroglyphs that refers to the god Ra.

The sun hieroglyph is used in the Ancient Egyptian language hieroglyphs as a determinative to refer to events of time, for example when referring to '"day xx" (of month yy') . Even the "snap-of-the-finger", a 'moment', or 'instant' of time is represented using a Hippopotamus head (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. F3:
F3
, with the sun-disc:
N5
, as the time determinative in a hieroglyphic composition block.
F3 N5
Z1
 
("instant")("moment"of"time")

In the 24th century BC Palermo Stone, the sun hieroglyph is used on the Palermo Piece-(obverse) of the 7-piece Palermo Stone to identify dates, or specific "day-events", ..."day of ...." A few of the King Year-Register's are dates only for example in Row V (of VI rows):

N11
N11
N5
V20
V20
Z2ss

For: "Month 2, Day 23" (number 10, 10, 3)

Other sun-based hieroglyphs[edit]

Some other common hieroglyphs based on the sun hieroglyph, are the Sun-with-rays (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. N8:
N8
, and Sun-rising (hieroglyph)-(Coronations, "Appearance of..."-Palermo Stone), no. N28.
N28
. In the 24th century BC Palermo Stone: "Appearance of the King of the South and Appearance of the King of the North"

Sun-god Ra[edit]

Ra, the Sun-god is Gardiner listed no. C1, of the listed: Anthropomorphic Deities–(more than 20 listed, and other Gardiner unlisted forms used in Ancient Egypt). The God Ra is shown with a sun-disc upon his head – or another common form with the Sun disc, encircled with Uraeus, (the cobra):
C1

Luwian hieroglyhs, Sa-sub4[edit]

The Luwian language hieroglyphs, Luwian hieroglyphs has 7 varieties for the syllable of 's' and 'a'. For 'sa' number 4 the same hieroglyph in both Egyptian and Luwian languages exist; it is Sa-sub4 (Luwian hieroglyph).


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collier and Manley, 1998, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs, C1, sun-disc, p. 136.