Sun (surname)

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Sun is a translation of a common Chinese surname (simplified Chinese: 孙; traditional Chinese: 孫; pinyin: Sūn). Other transliterations include Suen (Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations), Sen (Amoy dialect), Sng (Teochew), Tôn (Vietnam), Son (Japan/Korea), Soon (regions with Hokkien-speaking populations), Suan (Philippines), and Swen.

Note that in Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations, the surname Xin (辛) is also transliterated as Sun.

Origin[edit]

The 12th most common last name in China. There are three sources of the last name Sun. The earliest source came from the royal family of Xi Zhou. Zhou Wen Wangs 8th son Ji Shu was awarded the land of Kang (North of Yu Zhou in HeNan), and was known as Kang Shu. During Zhou Cheng Wangs reign (1,115 1,078 B.C.), he was awarded the land of Wei (Wei Hui of HeNan), and was known as Wei Kang Shu. His 8th generation descendent Wei Wu Gong gave birth to Hui Sun. Hui Sun gave birth to Er. Er gave birth to Wu Zhong. To commemorate his grandfather (Hui Sun), Wu Zhong gave his descendents the last name of Sun. Another source came from Sun Shu Ao of Chu Guo. Sun Shu Ao was a great grandson of Chu Wang (king), and he was a great official in the Chu kingdom. Because of his achievements, a lot of Chu people used Sun as their last name. A third source came from the last name of Tian in the Ji kingdom. The 5th generation of the Tian family was called Sun Tian Heng. His youngest son Tian Shu was an official in the Ji kingdom. Because of his achievement in defeating the Lu people, Ji Jing Gong awarded Le An to Tian Shu and gave his descendents the last name of Sun. (Sun means descendents).[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Historical figures (in chronological order)[edit]

  • Sun Tzu (544 – 496 BC) – a militarist in the Spring and Autumn Period, the author of The Art of War.
  • Sun Yang (Bole) – a horse physiognomer of the Spring and Autumn Period.
  • Sun Bin (a.k.a. Sun Tzu, Sunzi, died 316 BC) – a militarist in the Warring States period and descendant of Sun Tzu.
  • Sun Cheng (died 132)
  • Sun Jing (孫敬) – 2nd-century native of Hsin-tu in Chihli, who was such an ardent student that at night he always tied his hair to a beam overhead, to prevent himself from dozing over his books. He also habitually bolted the door of his study to keep out intruders.[1]
  • Sun Jian (155–191), Military General and Warlord in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Ce (175–200),Eldest Son of Sun Jian Warlord in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Quan (182–252),Second Son of Sun Jian Founding Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Liang (243–260), Second Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Xiu (235–264), Third Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Hao (242–284), Fourth and Last Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Lady Sun Sun Jian Daughter Third Wife of Liu Bei
  • Sun Jing, Brother of Sun Jian general in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Yu,
  • Sun Fu,
  • Sun Ben, General and Nephew under Sun Jian
  • Sun Yi, Third Son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Kuang, Fourth Son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Lang, legitimate son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Deng, Sun Quan Eldest Son
  • Sun He.Sun Quan Third Son and Father of Sun Hao
  • Sun Qian – Official of Warlord Liu Bei in the late Han Dynasty.
  • Sun Kang (孫康; 4th century) – A native of Luoyang, who in his youth was so poor that he could not afford a lamp to read by. He therefore studied in winter by light reflected from the snow, and ultimately rose to be a Censor.[2]
  • Sun Sheng- (4th century) – a Chinese historian.
  • Sun Tzu (a.k.a. Sunzi; fl. 4th century) – mathematician famous for the Chinese remainder theorem.
  • Sun Chuo (320–377) – a poet of the Six Dynasties poetry tradition.
  • Sun En (died 402) – leader of a rebellion against the Jin dynasty.
  • Sun Simiao (581–682)- a traditional Chinese medicine physician of the Sui and Tang dynasties.
  • Sun Yuanheng (died 696)
  • Sun Shi (962–1033) – a native of Po-p'ing in Shandong, who graduated as jinshi after nine attempts and entered the public service, rising to high office under the Emperor Cheu Tseung. In 1008 there was a pretended revelation from God in the form of a letter, which the Emperor and his Court regarded with profound awe. But Sun Shi said, "I have heard that God does not speak; how then should He write a letter?"[3]
  • Sun Ch'ang-ju – a scholar of the Song dynasty, noted for his vast collection of books, which earned for him the sobriquet of Library Sun. In 1015 he was made Magistrate of Hsun-chou in Kuangsi, and subsequently rose to an important office in the household of the Heir Apparent.[3]
  • Sun Fang (12th century) – An Imperial physician, who called himself the Hermit of the Four Stops. He explained this to mean that when he had taken his fill of plain food, he stopped; when he had put on enough plain clothes to keep himself warm, he stopped; when he had realised a fair proportion of his wishes, he stopped; and that after growing old, free from covetousness or envy, he would also be prepared to stop.[4]
  • Sun Qifeng (1583–1675) – a Confucian scholar.
  • Sun Chuanting (1593–1643) – a Chinese Field Marshal.
  • Sun Sike (died 1700) – a Chinese Bannerman, noted for his successes against the Oelots, against the Shensi rebels in 1675–79, and against Galdan. He rose to be a general, and was ennobled as Baron.[5]

Military and government[edit]

Other notable people[edit]

Fictional people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 688 (1898).
  2. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 692 (1898).
  3. ^ a b Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 686 (1898).
  4. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 689-690 (1898).
  5. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 695 (1898).
  6. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 691 (1898).
  7. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 693 (1898).

External links[edit]