Sun is a transliteration of a common Chinese surname, written 孫 (Traditional) or 孙 (simplified) in Chinese characters, sūn in Hanyu pinyin. Other transliterations include Suen (Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations), Sen (Amoy dialect), Sng (Teochew), Tôn (Vietnam), Son (Japan/Korea), Soon (regions with Hokkien-speaking populations), Suan (Philippines), and Swen.
Note that in Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations, the surname Xin (辛) is transliterated as Sun.
- Chen (surname) (陳) the Gui (surname) (嬀) of Qi (state)
- Ji (surname) (姬) in Zhou Dynasty
- Sun Shuao (孫叔敖) the Wei (surname) (蔿) from Yuan (surname) (薳) in the Chu (state)
- Sun Wanrong (孫萬榮) the Khitan people of Liao Dynasty
Historical Figures (in Chronological Order)
- Sunshu Ao (630 – 593 BC) – a court minister serving the administration of King Zhuang of Chu during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
- Sun Tzu (a.k.a. Sun Wu, Sunzi) (544 – 496 BC) – a militarist in the Spring and Autumn Period, the author of The Art of War.
- Sun Yang (Bole) – a horse physiognomer of the Spring and Autumn Period.
- Sun Bin (a.k.a. Sun Tzu, Sunzi, died 316 BC) – a militarist in the Warring States period and descendant of Sun Tzu.
- Sun Cheng (died 132)
- Sun Qing – 2nd-century native of Hsin-tu in Chihli, who was such an ardent student that at night he always tied his hair to a beam overhead, to prevent himself from dozing over his books. He also habitually bolted the door of his study to keep out intruders.
- Rulers of Eastern Wu in the Three Kingdoms period: Sun Jian (155–191), Sun Ce (175–200), Sun Quan (182–252), Sun Liang (243–260), Sun Xiu (235–264), Sun Hao (242–284), as well as members of the ruling family, including Sun Jing, Sun Yu, Sun Fu, Sun Ben, Sun Yi, Sun Kuang, Sun Lang, Sun Huan, Sun Deng, Sun He.
- Sun Ch'u (died 282) – A Chinese official.
- Sun K'ang (4th century – A native of Lo-yang, who in his youth was so poor that he could not afford a lamp to read by. He therefore studied in winter by light reflected from the snow, and ultimately rose to be a Censor.
- Sun Sheng- (4th century) – a Chinese historian.
- Sun Tzu (a.k.a. Sunzi; fl. 4th century) – mathematician famous for the Chinese remainder theorem.
- Sun Chuo (320–377) – a poet of the Six Dynasties poetry tradition.
- Sun En (died 402) – leader of a rebellion against the Jin dynasty.
- Sun Simiao (581–682)- a traditional Chinese medicine physician of the Sui and Tang dynasties.
- Sun Yuanheng (died 696)
- Sun Shi (Wade–Giles: Sun Shih) (962–1033) – a native of Po-p'ing in Shantung, who graduated as chin shih after nine attempts and entered the public service, rising to high office under the Emperor Cheu Tseung. In 1008 there was a pretended revelation from God in the form of a letter, which the Emperor and his Court regarded with profound awe. But Sun Shi said, "I have heard that God does not speak; how then should He write a letter?"
- Sun Ch'ang-ju – a scholar of the Song dynasty, noted for his vast collection of books, which earned for him the sobriquet of Library Sun. In 1015 he was made Magistrate of Hsun-chou in Kuangsi, and subsequently rose to an important office in the household of the Heir Apparent.
- Sun Fang (12th century) – An Imperial physician, who called himself the Hermit of the Four Stops. He explained this to mean that when he had taken his fill of plain food, he stopped; when he had put on enough plain clothes to keep himself warm, he stopped; when he had realised a fair proportion of his wishes, he stopped; and that after growing old, free from covetousness or envy, he would also be prepared to stop.
- Sun Ch'i-feng (1583–1675) – a Confucian scholar.
- Sun Chuanting (1593–1643) – a Chinese Field Marshal.
- Sun Sike (Wade–Giles: Sun Ssu-k'o) (died 1700) – a Chinese Bannerman, noted for his successes against the Oelots, against the Shensi rebels in 1675–79, and against Galdan. He rose to be a general, and was ennobled as Baron.
- Sun K'ai-hua (died 1893) – a Chinese general in the Battle of Tamsui.
- Sun Chia-kan (1683–1753) – a Qing dynasty Chinese official.
- Sun Shiyi (1720–1796) – a Chinese Viceroy.
- Sun Chih-tsu – a native of Hangchow, who graduated as Chin Shih in 1766, and served as a Censor. Author of a work on the discrepancies in the various editions of the famous work by Hsiao T'ung; and also of a hostile criticism on the now admittedly spurious Family Sayings of Confucius.
- Sun Hsing-yen (1752–1818) – A native of Kiangsu. From 1795 to 1811 he served with distinction in Shantung, where his honesty was often distasteful to his superiors. He published editions of several Classics and topographies he wrote many classical and antiquarian works; and he discovered the graves of Min Sun, T'an-t'ai Mieh-ming, and Tseung Tien, three of the disciples of Confucius.
- Sun Yuting (Wade–Giles: Sun Yu-t'ing) (1752–1834) – a Chinese Governor.
- Sun Chia-ku – a Qing dynasty envoy.
- Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925) – the founder of the Republic of China.
- Sun Chuanfang (1885–1935) – a Zhili clique warlord.
- Sun Li-jen (1900–1990) – a general of the Republic of China who fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II and the Chinese Civil War.
Other notable people
- Michael Suen – the Secretary for Education of Hong Kong
- Sun Honglei – Chinese Actor (Hong Kong) starring in numerous films and TV dramas
- Sun Jihai – a football player from People's Republic of China
- Sun Mingming (born 1983), Chinese basketball player
- Sun Nan – a Chinese male singer
- Stefanie Sun – a Singaporean singer-songwriter
- Sun Shan – a scholar who came out last on the list of 18 successful graduates. Hence the phrase "beyond Mount Sun," as applied to unsuccessful candidates.
- Sun Wen – a football player from the People's Republic of China
- Sun Yang – a world champion swimmer from the People's Republic of China
- Sun Yue (basketball) – a NBA basketball player with the Los Angeles Lakers
- Sun Wei – a Japanese fashion model (of Chinese origin)
- Jónas Sen – an Icelandic/Chinese music critic, composer and pianist (of Chinese origin)
- Robert Zhou When Sun – A recipient of a Discus Awards.
- Sun Wukong – the monkey protagonist of Journey to the West
- Son Goku – main character in the Dragon Ball series loosely based on Sun Wukong.
- Son Gohan – son of Son Goku from Dragon Ball.
- Son Goten – second son of Son Goku from Dragon Ball.
- Son Goku Jr. – Great-great grandson of Goku from Dragon Ball
- Soon Kim - character in the webcomic Order of the Stick
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 688 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 692 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 686 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 689-690 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 695 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 691 (1898).
- Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 693 (1898).
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