Sun grant colleges
The Sun Grant Association is a group of five U.S. universities that serve as regional centers of the Sun Grant Initiative, established by the U.S. Congress in the Sun Grant Research Initiative Act of 2003. They research and develop sustainable and environmentally friendly bio-based energy alternatives. The Department of Transportation, Department of Energy, and the Department of Agriculture are partners in the initiative. The five centers were established at Land-Grant Universities to serve different geographic regions of the United States, in the tradition of the Congress-established programs of sea grant colleges in 1966, urban grant colleges in 1985, and space grant colleges in 1988.
The following five universities are classified as "national participants" and serve as regional centers. Numerous universities participate within each region as "regional participants."
- Cornell University hosts the Northeastern Center for the region composed of Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and West Virginia.
- Oklahoma State University hosts the South-Central Center for the region composed of Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.
- Oregon State University hosts the Western Center for the region composed of Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Pacific island territories and possessions of the United States.
- South Dakota State University is the "National Lead Sun Grant Center" and hosts the North-Central Center for the region composed of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
- The University of Tennessee at Knoxville hosts the Southeastern Center for the region composed of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.