Sun-style t'ai chi ch'uan
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|Sun-style t'ai chi ch'uan
|Also known as||Sun-style taijiquan
Sun family taijiquan
Sun school of taijiquan
Sun shi taijiquan
|Date founded||start of 20th century|
|Country of origin||China|
|Current head||Sun Yongtian (孙永田)|
|Arts taught||T'ai chi ch'uan|
|Ancestor arts||Wu (Hao)-style taijiquan|
|Practitioners||Sun Xingyi (孙星一),
Sun Cunzhou (孫存周),
Sun Jianyun (孙剑云),
Sun Shurong (孫淑容)
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The Sun style (孫氏) t'ai chi ch'uan is well known for its smooth, flowing movements which omit the more physically vigorous crouching, leaping and fa jin of some other styles. The footwork of Sun style is unique, when one foot advances or retreats the other follows. It also exhibits small circular movements with the hand. Its gentle postures and high stances make it very suitable for geriatric exercise and martial arts therapy.
Sun style t'ai chi ch'uan was developed by Sun Lutang (孫祿堂, 1861-1932), who was considered expert in two other internal martial arts styles: xingyiquan and baguazhang before he came to study t'ai chi ch'uan. Today, Sun style ranks fourth in popularity and fifth in terms of seniority among the five family styles of t'ai chi ch'uan. He was also considered an accomplished Neo-Confucian and Taoist scholar, especially in the Yi Jing and the Tai chi classics. Sun learned Wu/Hao style t'ai chi ch'uan from Hao Weizhen (郝為真), who was Li Yiyu's (李亦畬) chief disciple.
Besides his earlier xingyi and bagua training, Sun's experiences with Hao Weizhen, Yang Shaohou, Yang Chengfu and Wu Jianquan influenced the development of what is today recognized as the Sun style of t'ai chi ch'uan. Sun's son Sun Cunzhou (孫存周, 1893-1963) and daughter, Sun Jianyun (孫劍雲, 1914-2003) were t'ai chi ch'uan teachers, as well as Sun Cunzhou's daughter Sun Shurong (孫淑容, b. 1918-2005) who taught in Beijing until her death.
T'ai chi ch'uan lineage tree with Sun-style focus
- This lineage tree is not comprehensive, but depicts those considered the 'gate-keepers' & most recognised individuals in each generation of Sun-style.
- Although many styles were passed down to respective descendants of the same family, the lineage focused on is that of the Sun style & not necessarily that of the family.
- Names denoted by an asterisk are legendary or semi-legendary figures in the lineage; while their involvement in the lineage is accepted by most of the major schools, it is not independently verifiable from known historical records.
|Solid lines||Direct teacher-student.|
|Dot lines||Partial influence
|Dash lines||Individual(s) omitted.|
|Dash cross||Branch continues.||CHEN-STYLE||Zhaobao-style|
|WU (HAO)-STYLE||Zhaobao He-style|
3rd gen. Wu (Hao)
2nd gen. Sun
2nd gen. Sun
3rd gen. Sun
- Wile, Douglas (1995). Lost T'ai-chi Classics from the Late Ch'ing Dynasty (Chinese Philosophy and Culture). State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0791426548.
- Yip, Li (Faye) (April 1998). Principles and Practice of Sun Style T’ai Chi – T’AI CHI The International Magazine of T’ai Chi Ch’uan Vol. 22 No. 2. Wayfarer Publications. ISSN 0730-1049.
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