Sunam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the district of Chongjin City in North Korea, see Sunam-guyok.
Sunam
Sunam Udham Singh Wala
city
Punjab
Sunam
Sunam
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°08′N 75°48′E / 30.13°N 75.8°E / 30.13; 75.8Coordinates: 30°08′N 75°48′E / 30.13°N 75.8°E / 30.13; 75.8
Country  India
State Punjab
District Sangrur
Elevation 231 m (758 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 51,024
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration PB 44
Website www.sunamhelpline.com

Sunam is a city and a municipality in Sangrur district in the Indian state of Punjab. Sunam means the name with a good reputation. Sunam is also a trade union in Colombia, but this article is about the Indian Sunam.

Geography[edit]

Sunam is located at 30°08′N 75°48′E / 30.13°N 75.8°E / 30.13; 75.8.[1] It has an average elevation of 231 metres (757 feet.Sunam falls under the district of Sangrur.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Sunam had a population of 51,024. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sunam has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 57%. In Sunam, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Shaheed Udham Singh[edit]

Sunam is the birthplace of Shahid Udham Singh, who shot former British Indian governor Michael O'Dwyer in revenge for his support of the notorious Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Samadh Baba Bhai Mool Chand Sahib Ji[edit]

This is one place in Sunam where people from all religions/communities come to pay homage to a great saint of 17th Century.Descendants of his legacy are known as 'Bhaike' as they all are from a small village near Sunam named 'Bhai Ki Peshower'.Once every year they congregate in this ancestral village of theirs in a social gathering known as 'Babe Mitti'.Now some of them are settled in Sunam mostly known by their surname 'Joshi'. This is by far the most visited place in Sunam.

other famous religious places in sunam: 1) Peer Banna Banoi Sahib Ji 2) Mata Modi Sahib Ji 3) Naina Devi Mandir 4) Santoshi Mata Mandir 5) Suraj Kund

Hindu Sabha High School, Sunam[edit]

This is one of three oldest public high schools of Sunam. Hindu Sabha High School Sunam was started on Feb 19th, 1948. The school celebrated its silver jubilee in 1973 and Education minister Umrao Singh inaugurated school's biggest assembly hall. This school is a non-profit and semi-government school. Later the school was upgraded to Senior Secondary school. Also Hindu Sabha College for Women was started for Arts and other subjects.

Sitasar[edit]

It is an ancient tank spread over 80 bighas. It is said that Sita, wife of Rama, washed her hair in this tank when she was turned out of the house by Rama. Even now the widows of nthe surrounding area come here and wash ltheir hair. It is also said that at one time kumb fair of the Punjab was held here. The tank is, now, not in good condition. Shiv Mandirs have been built in the south west and north of the tank. A small Shitla Mata Mandir has also been built in the south of the tank in which an ancient idol of Mata has been installed. This tank, it is said, was filled with the water of River Saraswati. (The Geographical Dictionary of Ancient And Mediaeval India 1927) “The Mubarak Shahi gives us some idea of “Firuz Shah’s” canal digging activity during this period. “The river Sarsati” (Saraswati) comes from the great mountains and falls into the Sutlej. An earthen hillock near a place called Barwar, Firuz was informed, separated the River Saraswati from the Salima canal (of Firuz Shah). If this hillock was dug up, the water of the Saraswati would flow into the canal which could then be taken to Sahrind or Sirhind, Mansurpura and further on to Sunam. Firuz went to the place and began digging up the hillock.”

Gurudwaras[edit]

There are number of Gurudwaras in Sunam. The most well known is the Gurdwara of the first Guruji Guru Nanak Dev Ji.Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi well known as Wadda Gurudwara where Guruji stayed for a night.

Muslim community[edit]

Before Partition of Punjab Sunam's population was predominantly Muslim, legend has it that if there would have been 5 more peers it would have been the first 'Peergah' in the region with 100 peers but that did not happen now Muslim Community constitutes about 15 families in Sunam. Peer Banna Banoi is an Islamic shrine in Sunam.People of all faiths pay homage as Peer Banna Banoi was a God fearing and a true Muslim who sacrificed his life on the day of his marriage to save the Hindu & Sikh girls from being kidnapped by the armed Muslim goons.

Education and Schools[edit]

Name Type

Schools

Adarsh High school Semi Govt.
Model basic High school Private
Dav public school Private
Rose marry public school Private
Dr.Gagandeep rotary public school Private
Govt. Senior sec. School(Boys) Govt.
Govt. Girls sec.school Govt.
Childcare International School Private
Saravhitkari Adarsh Vidya Mandir
Shri Attam Vallabh Jain School Private

Industries & trade[edit]

Sunam has a Grain Market, wholesale cloth market & a Sarafa Bazar in Town Side area of Sunam. Naya bazar and peeran wala Gate has main bazar

References[edit]