Sundanese cuisine

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The example of Sundanese dishes dine in lesehan (seated on mat) style.

Sundanese cuisine is the cuisine of Sundanese people of West Java, Indonesia. It is one of the most popular foods in Indonesia. The Sundanese food is characterize with its freshness; the famous lalab eaten with sambal and also karedok demonstrate the Sundanese fondness for fresh raw vegetables. Unlike the rich and spicy taste, filled with coconut milk and curry of Minangkabau cuisine, the Sundanese cuisine displays the simple and clear taste; ranged from savoury salty, fresh sourness, mild sweetness, to hot and spicy.

Sambal terasi is the most important and the most common condiment in Sundanese cuisine, and eaten together with lalab or fried tofu and tempeh. Sayur Asem vegetable tamarind soup is probably the most popular vegetable soup dish in Sundanese cuisine. Another popular soup is Soto Bandung, a soup of beef and daikon radish, and mie kocok noodle soup with beef meat and kikil.

Ingredients[edit]

Fresh water fishes such as carp, gourami, tilapia and catfish are usually either being bakar (grilled) or goreng (deep fried) and usually served with sambal or sweet soy sauce. Sundanese people has developed fondness for salted seafoods. Various fried salted fishes, anchovy, and salted cuttlefish is popular in Sundanese daily diet. The pais or pepes cooking method that employs banana leaf as the wrapper of food is also common in Sundanese cuisine. Among other, pais lauk emas or carp fish pepes is among the favourite pepes dishes.

Chicken are usually either fried or grilled, also served with sambal or sweet soy sauce. Bakakak hayam is Sundanese style ayam bakar (grilled chicken). Sometimes chicken also can be made as pepes or soup. Meats such as beef, water buffalo, lamb, or goat can be marinated with the mixture of spices and coconut sugar and fried to make the empal gepuk sweet fried meat, sprinkled with fried shallots. Beef and potato sometimes stewed in sweet soy sauce and spices as semur daging. Cow liver and jengkol stinky bean also can be made as semur as well. Goat and lamb meat also can be made as satay in Sundanese style, such as sate maranggi. Gulai kambing and empal gentong goat meat and offal curry is also popular soup.

If Javanese has developed their fondness for tempeh, Sundanese has developed the fondness for oncom instead, both are fermented products but with different kind of fungi and beans; tempeh is from soy beans while oncom is from peanuts. Sundanese has developed the fermentation method to create distinct foodstuffs. Fermentation was employed either for making fermented food such as oncom, making sauce such as tauco (adopted from Chinese Indonesian cuisine), or sweet snack foods such as peuyeum which are tapai made from rice or cassava.

Sundanese restaurant[edit]

In Sundanese cuisine establishments, it is common to eat with one's hands. They usually serve kobokan, a bowl of tap water with a slice of lime in it to give a fresh scent. This bowl of water with lime in it should not to be consumed, however; it is used to wash one's hand before and after eating.

Sundanese and Javanese traditional restaurant may feature a traditional dine style called lesehan; having a dine while seating on the floor covered with straw or bamboo mat. The dishes may be served on a short legged table or altogether served on the mat. This dine style is quite similar with Japanese traditional tatami dine style. The Sundanese traditional restaurant in rural village may also feature a saung style restaurant. It features several small eating pavilions that might be build near or over fresh water fish ponds. The fish ponds contains alive fresh water fishes such as carp and gourami, that might be selected and ordered by customers to be freshly cooked immediately.

In popular Indonesian culture, Sundanese restaurant often can be easily distinguished by containing the name "Kuring", thus led to the terms "Kuring"-food or "Kuring"-restaurant. However this naming was rather misleading, since in Sundanese language the word Kuring is a common yet rather coarse form to refer first-person singular personal pronoun ("I" or "me"), also as possessive adjective ("my"). This naming trend was led by restaurants that tried to imitate the famous Sundanese restaurant Lembur Kuring (Sundanese: "My Home Village"). Some examples of famous Sundanese restaurants are Lembur Kuring, Sari Kuring, Ponyo, Boboko, Mang Engking, Ma' Uneh, Sindang Reret, Dapur Sunda, Bumbu Desa, Laksana, and Ampera.

Dishes[edit]

Nasi timbel dara goreng, nasi timbel with fried pigeon, tempeh, tofu and vegetables.
Lalab, raw vegetables with sambal.
Sayur asem, lalab, red rice, ikan asin, sambal, and karedok.
  • Nasi timbel, referring to the style of wrapping a cooked hot steamed rice in banana leaf. The heat of hot-cooked rice touches the banana leaf and produced a unique aroma. It is made in ways similar to making lontong; compressed, rolled, and wrapped in banana leaves; it then evolves into a complete dish served with various side-dishes like fried chicken, duck or pigeon, empal gepuk, jambal roti, tahu, tempeh, sayur asem, with lalab and sambal. Nasi timbel later evolved to nasi bakar.
  • Nasi Liwet Sunda, one pot cooking consisting of rice and seasoned with spices like galangal, lemon grass, and Indonesian bay leaves. To further enhance the flavour, usually parts of salted fish are thrown in as well.[1]
  • Nasi Tutug Oncom, hot steamed rice mixed with roasted oncom, shallots, and kencur, usually served with krupuk, sambal terasi, and anchovy.
  • Lalab, raw vegetables salad usually eaten with sambal
  • Sambal terasi, mortar grinded chillies with shrimp paste
  • Karedok, raw vegetable salad in peanut sauce
  • Lotek, boiled vegetable salad in peanut sauce
  • Sayur Asem, sour tamarind vegetable soup.
  • Oncom, a type of fermented food similar to tempeh. Oncom can be fried, made pepes or stir fried with vegetables such as Ulukutek Leunca (Solanum nigrum) or Oncom Peuteuy (green stink bean).
  • Tumis Tauco, vegetables stir fried with fermented soybean paste sauce. Tauco is similar to Japanese miso paste.
  • Tumis Kangkung, stir fried of water spinach
  • Various Pepes, pepes is cooking method employing banana leaf wrapper, various ingredients could be made into pepes, such as carp, anchovy, tofu, oncom, leunca, mushroom, salted egg, etc. The famous recipe is Pais Lauk Emas (carp fish pepes).
  • Various Ikan bakar, literary means "grilled fish", served with sweet soy sauce and chilli dipping sauce. The fish could be carp, gourami, tilapia, or catfish.
  • Various Ikan goreng, literary means "fried fish", served with sweet soy sauce and chilli dipping sauce. The fish could be carp, gourami, tilapia, or catfish. The famous recipe is Gurame Kipas (deep fried gourami).
  • Various Ikan Asin, salted fishes, mostly seafood fishes such as peda, jambal, pari (rays), ikan asin bulu ayam, teri (anchovy), and cumi asin (cuttlefish); also fresh water gabus (snakehead).
  • Bakakak hayam, Sundanese style grilled chicken
  • Soto Bandung, a type of soto, beef and daikon soup
  • Soto Mie, a type of soto with rice vermicelli, spring roll and beef tendon
  • Mie Kocok, a type of noodle dish with beef meat and kikil
  • Sate Maranggi, a Sundanese style marinated satay usually using goat meat
  • Gulai Kambing, goat or mutton meat and offal curry
  • Empal Gentong, a type of goat or mutton meat and offal curry from Cirebon
  • Empal gepuk, sweet and spicy fried beef
  • Laksa Bogor, a variant of laksa from Bogor
  • Kupat Tahu, ketupat, tofu, rice vermicelli and beansprouts in peanut sauce
  • Asinan, type of vinegar fermented vegetables or fruit dish.
  • Baso Tahu, Indonesian style dimsum with peanut sauce, also known as Siomay Bandung.
  • Batagor, Baso Tahu Goreng, or fried Baso Tahu.

Snacks[edit]

Tahu Sumedang.
  • Surabi, traditional rice flour pancake in sweet coconut sugar syrup or topped with spicy oncom mixture
  • Tahu Sumedang, fried tofu snack
  • Tahu Gejrot, slightly fermented fried tofu snack with slices of shallots, chilli, and garlic in spicy-sweet sauce
  • Bala-bala, fried dough snack made from various chopped vegetables
  • Cireng, fried dough snack made from sago or cassava flour. Aci goreng (Sundanese: "fried sago flour")
  • Cilok, flavoured sago balls skewered. Aci dicolok (Sundanese: "poked sago balls")
  • Cimol, sago balls snack
  • Colenak, roasted cassava with sweet coconut dipping sauce. Dicocol enak (Sundanese: "delicious dip")
  • Leupeut, compacted rice with or without filling, wrapped in young coconut leaf
  • Peuyeum sampeu, sweet fermented cassava
  • Peuyeum ketan, sweet fermented sticky rice wrapped in guava leaf
  • Comro, fried dough made of finely shredded cassava with spicy oncom filling. Oncom dijero (Sundanese: "oncom inside")
  • Misro, same fried dough as comro but instead filled with melted palm sugar. Amis dijero (Sundanese: "sweet inside")
  • Odading, fried sweet bread, some variation filled with banana
  • Dodol Garut, sweets made from sticky rice powder and palm sugar, with added milk, or sesame seed.
  • Kolontong, roasted cylindrical shaped rice crackers with either cane sugar or palm sugar coating.
  • Opak, roasted disc shaped rice crackers.
  • Ranginang, fried rice grain crackers seasoned with terasi.
  • Kalua, dried fruit marinated in sugar.
  • Ladu, sweets made from part of fine sticky rice powder and part coarse roasted sticky rice grains, mixed with palm sugar then compacted; usually has triangular cut.

Drinks[edit]

  • Bajigur, traditional hot drink made from coconut milk, spices, pandan leaf, and coconut sugar
  • Bandrek, traditional hot drink made from ginger, spices, and coconut sugar
  • Cendol, traditional cold drink made from coconut sugar, coconut milk, and green glutinous rice jelly
  • Es Doger, ice cream-like dessert made from coconut flesh, coconut milk, peuyeum (sweet fermented cassava) and pink syrup (rose or cocopandan)
  • Es Goyobod, the Sundanese version of Es Campur; mixed jelly and mashed avocado drink in heavy coconut milk and jackfruit-infused brown sugar syrup.[2]
  • Es Duren, ice cream-like dessert made from durian and milk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]