|ᮘᮞ ᮞᮥᮔ᮪ᮓ Basa Sunda|
|Region||West Java, Banten, Jakarta, parts of western Central Java|
|Ethnicity||Sundanese, Bantenese, Cirebonese, Badui|
|Native speakers||38 million (2007)|
|Writing system||Cacarakan (historical)
Pegon alphabet (religious use)
Sundanese script (optional)
|Official language in||West Java (as a regional language)|
sun – Sunda
bac – Badui
Sundanese /sʌndəˈniːz/ (Basa Sunda, in Sundanese script ᮘᮞ ᮞᮥᮔ᮪ᮓ, literally "language of Sunda") is the language of about 39 million people from the western third of Java or about 15% of the Indonesian population.
- Western dialect, spoken in the provinces of Banten & some parts of Lampung,
- Northern dialect, spoken in Bogor & northern coastal area of West Java,
- Southern or Priangan dialect, (Bandung & its surroundings),
- Mid-east dialect, spoken in Majalengka & Indramayu,
- Northeast dialect, spoken in Kuningan, Cirebon & Brebes (Central Java), and
- Southeast dialect, spoken in Ciamis, Banjar & Cilacap (Central Java).
Priangan, which covers the largest area of Sunda (Tatar Pasundan in Sundanese), is the most widely spoken type of Sundanese language, taught in elementary till senior-high schools (equivalent to twelfth-year school grade) in West Java and Banten Province.
Sundanese orthography is highly phonetic (see also Sundanese script). There are five pure vowel sounds: a /ɑ/, é /ɛ/, i /i/, o /ɔ/, u /ʊ/, and two neutral[clarification needed] vowels; e /ə/, and eu /ɤ/. The consonantal phonemes (18—but see below) are transcribed with the letters p, b, t, d, k, g, c (pronounced /tʃ/), j, h, ng (/ŋ/), ny /ɳ/, m, n, s /s/, w, l, r (trilled or flapped), and y /j/. Other consonants that originally appear in Indonesian loanwords are mostly transferred into native consonants: f → p, v → p, sy → s, sh → s, z -> j, and kh /x/ → h.
Definition of Sundanese Phonology, according to Yayat Sudaryat (1985:26): "Fonologi nyaeta bagean tina elmu basa anu maluruh jeung medar sora-sora basa, prosesna, selang surupna, jeung parobahanana".
There are 16 consonants in Sundanese phonology, according to Yayat Sudaryat (1991,35): "fonem konsonan (contoid) nya eta sora omongan (fonem) anu kawangun ku hawa anu kaluar tina bayah sarta waktu liwat tikoro aya nu ngahalangan. konsonan nu aya dina basa sunda, nyaeta: /b/, /ts/, /d/, /g/, /h/, /dʒ/, /k/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /p/, /r/, /s/, /n/, /t/, /n'/, kuayana pangaruh basa kosta sok kapanggih konsonan /f/, /v/, /z/ mangrupa fomem nu asalna pangaruh basa kosta, saperti dina kecap: fonem, qur'an, xerox, zakat".[clarification needed]
Based on the statement above, it is clear that the Sundanese language has only 16 consonants, there are three consonants /f, v, z/ which exist in Sundanese as a result of borrowing words, but naturally they are not Sundanese consonants.
Furthermore, Sudaryat does not mention the phonemes /w, j/ as semi vowels, although as vowels, /w, j/ function as a glide sound between two different vowels, as in the words:
- Kueh - /kuweh/
- Muih - /muwih/
- Bear - /beAar/[clarification needed]
- Miang - /mijan/
Phonemes /w/ and /j/ function as glide sounds between two different vowels as in the words:[clarification needed]
- wa - rung
- wa - yang
- ba - wang
- ha - yang
- ku - ya
Basic grammar 
Root word 
Root verb 
|eat ..||dahar ..||tuang ..(for other)
neda ..(for myself)
|drink ..||inum ..||leueut ..|
|write ..||tulis ..||serat ..|
|read ..||maca ..||maos ..|
|forget ..||poho ..||hilap ..|
|remember ..||inget ..||emut ..|
|sit ..||diuk ..||calik ..|
|stand ..||tangtung ..||adeg ..|
|walk ..||leumpang ..||papah ..|
Active form 
Most of active form in sundanese verb are in their root verb like 'diuk' or 'dahar'. Some other depend on first phonem in root verb:
- first phoneme in 'd' is eliminated and changed to prefix 'nga' like in 'ngadahar'
- first phoneme in 'i' is eliminated and changed to prefix 'ng' like in 'nginum'
- first phoneme in 'b' is eliminated and changed to prefix 'm' like in 'maca'
(to be written). "Abdi henteu acan neda". (I have not eaten yet.) Explanation: From the above example, "henteu" is used for negative term. "Buku abdi mah sanes nu ieu". (My book is not this one.) Explanation: From the above example, "sanes" is used for negative term.
(to be written).
- Dupi Bapa aya di bumi? (is your father at home?)
- Dupi bumi di palih mana? (where do you live?)
Passive form 
(to be written.) "Buku dibantun ku abdi". (The book is brought by me.) Explanation: "dibantun" (to be brought/passive) and "ngabantun" (active) The other examples: "Pulpen ditambut ku abdi". (The pen is borrowed by me.) "Soal ieu digawekeun ku abdi". (This problem is done by me.)
(to be written). example:
teuas (hard), tiis (cool), hipu (soft), lada (hot, usually for foods), haneut (warm), etc.
|above ..||diluhureun ..||diluhureun ..|
|behind ..||ditukangeun ..||dipengkereun ..|
|under ..||dihandapeun ..||dihandapeun ..|
|inside ..||di jero ..||di lebet ..|
|outside ..||di luar ..||di luar ..|
|di antara ..
|di antawis ..
|front ..||hareup ..||payun ..|
|back ..||tukang ..||pengker ..|
See also 
|Sundanese language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|