||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (March 2014)|
|Motto||Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, Wisdom. (Pursue Truth and Embody Social Justice)
|Established||1398 establishment of Sungkyunkwan; 1946 introduction of university|
|Academic staff||4,105 (2007)|
|Location||Suwon, Seoul, South Korea
37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E
|Colors||Green and blue|
|Revised Romanization||Sungkyunkwan Daehakgyo|
Sungkyunkwan University (also known as SKKU or simply Seongdae) is a private research university with campuses in Seoul and Suwon. Originally, it was founded as Sungkyunkwan, the foremost educational institution of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. During the period of Japanese rule, the traditionally higher-education Sungkyunkwan was degraded and then almost closed by the Governor-General of Korea in favor of the new imperial universities. After liberation from the Empire of Japan, however, it was reopened as a college by the ex-rector of Sungkyunkwan, Kim Changsook, and then upgraded to a comprehensive university in 1953. Today, the university has two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul, and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon. Eighteen schools and three colleges offer degrees at the bachelor's level, and twelve graduate schools confer various degrees at both the masters and doctoral levels. In 2004 SKKU created Korea’s first fully English-taught Global MBA program in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Indiana Kelley School of Business, which is currently ranked 45th in the world in the Financial Times Global MBA Rankings. SKKU also has one of the best medical schools in South Korea, which is affiliated with the world-famous Samsung Medical Center. Samsung partnered with SKKU in 1965–1977 and then again from 1996–today, helping the university to rise as a global-leading instutution. In 2011, the population of international students at SKKU surpassed 1,000.
- 1 Location
- 2 History
- 3 Motto
- 4 University symbol
- 5 Faculties and enrollment
- 6 Campus
- 7 International Programs
- 8 ASLE-Korea
- 9 SKKU in Popular Culture
- 10 Budget and facilities
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul is located uphill from the old Sungkyunkwan Confucian institute, on the same hill as Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung, two of Seoul's royal palaces, and Jongmyo. It is at the following coordinates: .
The Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon is located within walking distance from Sungkyunkwan University Station, in the northwest of the city. It is at . The Agricultural Department's fields are at . These are notable for their large prostrate Korean flag and map, which lie 0.56 km west of the Natural Sciences Campus main gate.
Sungkyunkwan was established in 1398 to offer prayers and rituals to Confucius and his disciples, and to promote the study of the Confucian canon. It was located within the city walls of the capital Hanseong, or modern-day Seoul. It followed the example of the Goryeo-period Gukjagam, which in its latter years was also known by the name "Sungkyunkwan." Sungkyunkwan was Korea's foremost institution of higher learning under the Joseon Dynasty education system.
Following Korea's liberation from Japanese occupation in 1945, with the emergence of the Republic of Korea, the old Sungkyunkwan was reincorporated as a private institution without the sanction of defunct Joseon Dynasty. As Korea modernized and underwent social and economic reforms, the university grew rapidly to keep up with the diverse demands of the advancing country. In 1946, enrollment numbered 155. The number of graduates now totals approximately 130,000.
Sungkyunkwan now operates two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon.
- 1398: The foundation of Sungkyunkwan
- 1400–1418: King Taejong initiates a tradition for royal princes to enter Sungkyunkwan.
- 1475: Jongyeonggak, Korea's first library, is established.
- 1519: Planting of the pair of ginkgo trees, (Natural Monument No. 59) that became SKKU's symbol.
- 1592: Munmyo, the Confucian Shrine, is destroyed in a fire.
- 1601: Munmyo is reconstructed.
- 1895: Sungkyunkwan is reformed as a modern three-year university.
- 1911: The university is renamed Kyonghagwon by the Japanese Government-General.
- 1946: Sungkyunkwan reopens on September 25 as a college.
- 1950: Campus buildings, libraries are destroyed in a fire.
- 1953: The university is promoted to a comprehensive university; the Graduate School is established.
- 1954: The Main Building is constructed (5 storeys, 1,333 pyeong).
- 1957: First Science Hall is opened.
- 1958: The Central Library is opened (5 storeys, 1,038 pyeong); the Evening College is established.
- 1962: The Administration Building is constructed (4 storeys, 1,271 pyeong).
- 1963: The College of Business Administration is established. The First Faculty Hall is constructed.
- 1964: The museum opens.
- 1965: The College of Sciences and Engineering is established.
- 1966: The School of Library Services is established. The Evening Graduate Schools are established.
- 1971: The Graduate School of Foreign Trade is established.
- 1972: The College of Education is established.
- 1978: The Natural Sciences Campus opens in Suwon.
- 1981: The Graduate School of Education is established.
- 1983: The Science Library building is constructed.
- 1986: The Susonggwan Gymnasium Complex and Yanghyongwan Student Quarters are constructed.
- 1988: The Graduate School of Confucian Studies is established.
- 1993: The School of Continuing Education is established.
- 1995: The Graduate School of International Cooperation is established.
- 1996: Samsung Group reacquires the university foundation; the Graduate School of Mass Communications and Journalism is established.
- 1997: The College of Medicine, the Graduate School of Design, and the Graduate School of Business Administration are established.
- 1998: 600th Anniversary; the School of Art is established.
- 1999: The Medical Building is constructed.
- 2000: The 600th Anniversary Building is constructed; the Business Administration Building is reconstructed.
- 2001: Research Complex 1 is constructed; Wisdom Hall (dormitory) is constructed.
- 2002: The Electronic Microscope Complex is constructed.
- 2002: Construction begins on the Law Building.
- 2003: The 18th President, Dr Seo Jung-don, is inaugurated.
- 2004: The Law Building is constructed; Su Seon Hall is renovated; Hoam Hall is renovated; the International House is constructed; SKK Graduate School of Business is launched in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management.
- 2005: Research Complex 2 is constructed.
- 2006: The Graduate School of Mobile Systems Engineering, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established; the PACE (Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education) Center is established; the Semiconductor System Engineering Course, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established.
- 2007: The Global Business Undergraduate Program is established (dual degree program with Kelley School of Business and The Ohio State University).
- 2008: The Global Economy Undergraduate Program is established (dual degree program with Indiana University and University of Birmingham).
- 2008: The International Hall is constructed.
- 2009: The Graduate School of Interaction Science, which is sponsored by Korea's Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, is established.
- 2011: The 19th President, Dr Kim Jun-young, is inaugurated.
- 2013: Sungkyunkwan University's Graduate School of Business (GSB) is ranked 51st in the world by the Financial Times (FT)'s 2013 Global MBA (full-time) ranking.
SKKU's motto, "Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, and Wisdom" (仁, 義, 禮, 知), reflects the basic spirit of Confucianism. These four cardinal virtues express humankind's four inherent elements of spirit, action, conscience, and intellect. Humanity abides in the heart that loves, righteousness abides in the heart that knows right from wrong, propriety abides in the heart that knows forbearance, and wisdom abides in the heart that perceives. Confucian philosophy attests to man's innate goodness, and at the same time recognizes that this quality must nevertheless be awakened and nurtured. These four principles, which comprise SKKU's educational philosophy, are the basis for higher education's goals of the search for truth and the establishment of social justice, which are, in turn, based on humanity.
The university's symbol is two giant ginkgo trees (Natural Monument No. 59). Located in the original historic campus of Sungkyunkwan, they are considered one of the school's key symbols. Both trees are male and thus do not bear fruit. Planted in 1519 by Yun Tak, a former president of Sungkyunkwan, they hold symbolic meaning in Confucianism because Confucius is said to have loved reading, pondering, and teaching his disciples under a ginkgo tree. These trees also represent longevity and enlightenment, both held important in Korean culture.
Faculties and enrollment
Data from April 2008
Full-Time Professors: 1,138 / Emeritus Professors: 137 / Research Professors: 201 / Clinical Professors: 63 / Associate Professors: 1,687 / Lecturers: 633 / Adjunct Professors: 290 / Visiting Professors: 104 / Exchange Professors: 2 / Others: 4
- Total: 4,259
Data from March 2008 Undergraduate Enrollment: 27,639 / Master Course: 5,980 / Doctor's Course: 1,210 / Unified Course: 215
- Total: 35,044
Data from 2013
International Students: 2,836 / Degree Seeking: 1,097 / Non-Degree Seeking: 1,739
|QS (World version)
QS (Asian version)
Humanities and Social Sciences Campus
The deep roots of the university are so strongly entwined with Seoul that the university cannot be described in isolation from the city. Like the university, Seoul is the center of Korea's remarkable economic growth over the past 40 years with its unique tradition and current modernity. Seoul was the seat of government as early as the Baekje Kingdom for over 1,500 years. However, the city became more important with the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392, when it became the capital city. The university is located inside Seoul city walls, within the original capital of Joseon.
Located uphill from the original Sungkyunkwan site, the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus is spread over a hill looking down on Jongmyo Royal Shrine, which has been designated by as a National Treasure.
Currently, six schools, three colleges and many graduate schools call the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus their home. To commemorate the founding philosophy of the university, the 600th Anniversary Memorial Hall, which houses the Academy of East Asian Studies, was constructed on this campus. This new facility has a floor space of 31,930 square meters as well as four underground levels and six above-ground storeys.
Natural Sciences Campus
Just like Seoul, the university grew rapidly, and the expansion called for a new campus. The original site was preserved as the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus, while the expanding science programs were moved to a new campus in Suwon.
The university's modern Natural Sciences Campus was established in 1978. This campus is situated 45km south of Seoul, on a 250-acre (1.0 km2) site. The campus is home to five schools, two colleges and various graduate schools. The management of the Natural Sciences Campus is considered a paragon of educational administration in Korea.
When the new campus was built, the idea of an equal dual campus system was new to Korean higher education; this system remains unique in Korea. Some comprehensive universities located in large cities have tried to meet the need for expansion by founding separate, usually smaller campuses in rural areas. Besides solving the problem of physical expansion, the separate campus system brought the University many opportunities for growth.
Suwon preserves the traditional beauty of the Joseon era (1392–1910), but it also now flourishes as a center for business, education and economic research, due to its proximity to major industrial complexes.
In an effort to serve society by building a bridge between academia and the industrial sector, the Science Technology Park (STP), is being developed at this campus. The university, industries in the surrounding area, and the government have combined forces in this project.
Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology
SAINT is the abbreviation of Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology. This institute opened on March, 2005.
SAINT was founded on March 1, 2005 as one of the four core programs of Sungkyunkwan University’s VISION2010+ plan to be ranked in the top 100 universities in the world. With the financial support from Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), its goal is to become one of the world's top 5 nanotechnology-related institutes. The current director of SAINT is Michael Grätzel.
Sungkyun Language Institute
Sungkyun Language Institute (SLI) is a semi-autonomous division of Sungkyunkwan University. English, Japanese, Mandarin and Korean are all taught, though Mandarin is not taught at the Suwon campus. Korean is taught at six levels from beginner to advanced levels. There are 18 lecturers of Korean and 16 foreign lecturers of English at the campus in Seoul, with 14 foreign English lecturers in Suwon, while the two Japanese lecturers based in Suwon are themselves Korean. There are also several foreign lecturers of other languages in Seoul and Korean lecturers of English on both campuses. SLI is managed separately from the university and the management follows different systems of organisation on the two campuses, yet they both fall under an umbrella level of administrative management.
Both credit and non-credit classes are taught. The English credit courses are chiefly in Academic Writing and Academic Presentations, though there are also ESP (English for Specific Purposes) classes in Business English, English for Scientific Purposes, English Literature and Current English at the Suwon campus. Non-credit classes are less specialised, and are therefore more typical of ESL environments. These are also open to people who are not registered as students at Sungkyunkwan University to attend. It is not uncommon for members of staff or local residents to attend such classes. For the main courses (Academic Writing and Presentations), SLI produces its own books, which are published by Sungkyunkwan University Press and which have thus far been revised on a yearly basis.
SLI has a "Global Zone" – a room in which students may relax, study, read, browse the web, view online lectures, attend conferences, watch international TV, or seek English assistance from the lecturers – on each site.
Sungkyunkwan University has a high number of international students, making up over 10% of the total undergraduate student body. There are now over 2,700 international students enrolled at SKKU, and each year more than 2,000 Korean students from SKKU go abroad. SKKU maintains partnerships with over 770 universities in over 84 countries around the world, and has agreements with 21 overseas institutions to offer dual-degree programs. 
The majority of SKKU's international students attend the International Summer Semester program. Started in 2008, it had 1,727 enrolled international students in 2013's program.
Sungkyunkwan University's Department of English Language and Literature is birthplace and home of the Korean affiliate of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE-Korea or ASLE-K). ASLE-Korea  hosts two conferences a year (Spring and Fall) and publishes Literature and Environment (문학과환경),a journal dedicated to extending ecocritical scholarship, with articles written primarily in Korean and English.
SKKU in Popular Culture
The old campus of Sungkyunkwan was the setting for the fusion historical drama Sungkyunkwan Scandal about a female student who disguises herself as a male in order to attend the boys-only Confucian academy. The setting resulted in increased interest in SKKU from international audiences who watched the drama.
Budget and facilities
Annual Budget: 635,000,000,000 won (USD 592,627,000.56)
- Budget from Tuition: 243,000,000,000 won (38.4%)
- Budget from University Foundation: 81,000,000,000 won (26.8%)
Current Library Holdings: 1,830,806 (bound volumes)
- Central Library: 914,228 / Samsung Library: 610,023
- Jongyeonggak Library: 146,187 / Library of Medicine: 11,330 / Law Library: 56,438 / Library of Architecture: 2,600
University Area: 3,593,341 m²
- Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 1,394,154 m² / Natural Sciences Campus: 2,199,187 m²
- (including Tobong Varsity Teams Training Center: 61,339 m² / Botanical Gardens: 329,222 m² /
- Samchuk Seaside Retreat: 2,390 m²)
Building Area: 344,510 m²
- Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 141,803 m²
- Natural Sciences Campus: 202,707 m²
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sungkyunkwan University.|
- List of Korea-related topics
- List of colleges and universities in South Korea
- Education in the Joseon Dynasty
- Sungkyunkwan Scandal
- Education in South Korea
- Samsung Global Scholarship Program
- Abbreviations of Sungkyunkwan University in Korean: 성대(成大; Seongdae). English: SKKU
- 대학현황 > 교수현황. Skku.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- 대학현황 > 학생현황. Skku.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
-  Financial Times Business School Ranking
- Kwon, Jungyun (16 December 2011). "Korea’s international students reach out". Korea.net. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- ::: 자랑스런 성균관 꽃피우는 유교문화 올바른 인성교육 성균관 예절교실 :::. Skkok.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
- "교목 (은행나무)". Sungkyunkwan University website. Archived from the original on 2005-11-20. Retrieved 2006-04-24.
- "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "QS World University Rankings (extracting Asian universities from the list for counting this position)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Oh, Kyu-wook (9 October 2013). "SKKU on path to become top global university". Korea Herald. Retrieved 10 March 2014.