Sungkyunkwan University

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For the former Confucian academy, see Sungkyunkwan. For the subway station to Natural Sciences Campus, see Sungkyunkwan University Station. For the university in North Korea, see Koryo Songgyungwan University.
Sungkyunkwan University
成均館大學校
성균관 대학교[1]
Sungkyunkwan University logo.png
Motto Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, Wisdom. (Pursue Truth and Embody Social Justice)
仁義禮智 인의예지
Established 1398 establishment of Sungkyunkwan; 1946 introduction of university
President Kim Jun-young
Academic staff 4,546[2]
Students 36,136[2]
Undergraduates 28,087[2]
Postgraduates 8,049[2]
Location Suwon, Seoul, South Korea
37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E
Campus Urban
Colors Green      and blue     
Mascot Ginkgo
Affiliations Confucianism
Website www.skku.edu
Sungkyunkwan University
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Sungkyunkwan Daehakgyo
McCune–Reischauer Sŏngkyunkwan Taehakkyo

Sungkyunkwan University (also known as SKKU or simply Seongdae) is a private research university with campuses in Seoul and Suwon. Originally, it was founded in 1398 by the Joseon Dynasty located in the heart of central Seoul.[3] It was authorized as Sungkyunkwan, the foremost educational institution of Joseon, by the great code of the state administration[4] pertaining to the royal assent.[5]

Today, the university has two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul, and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon. Eighteen schools and three colleges offer degrees at the bachelor's level, and twelve graduate schools confer various degrees at both the masters and doctoral levels. SKKU offers Korea’s first fully English-taught Global MBA program, which has gained tremendous international recognition.[6] SKKU also has one of the best medical schools in South Korea, which is affiliated with the world-famous Samsung Medical Center. Samsung partnered with SKKU in the period of 1965-1977 and took up its partnership in 1996. Recent years have seen a trend of SKKU rising in university rankings, consistently placing in the top 5 nationally.[7]

Location[edit]

The Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul is located in the heart of central Seoul, uphill from the old Sungkyunkwan Confucian institute, on the same hill as Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung, two of Seoul's royal palaces, and Jongmyo. It is located near Hyehwa-dong and Daehangno. The nearest subway station is Hyehwa Station on Seoul Subway Line 4. It is at the following coordinates: 37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37.587083°N 126.994028°E / 37.587083; 126.994028.

The Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon is located within walking distance from Sungkyunkwan University Station, in the northwest of the city. It is at 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E / 37.29333°N 126.974583°E / 37.29333; 126.974583. The Agricultural Department's fields are at 37°17′21.5″N 126°58′5″E / 37.289306°N 126.96806°E / 37.289306; 126.96806. These are notable for their large prostrate Korean flag and map, which lie 0.56 km west of the Natural Sciences Campus main gate.

History[edit]

See also: Sungkyunkwan
The 600th Anniversary Building

Sungkyunkwan was established in 1398 to offer prayers and rituals to Confucius and his disciples, and to promote the study of the Confucian canon. It was located within the city walls of the capital Hanseong, or modern-day Seoul. It followed the example of the Goryeo-period Gukjagam, which in its latter years was also known by the name "Sungkyunkwan." Most Korean culture and Hangul have been archived by Sungkyunkwan scholars over hundreds of years.[8] Sungkyunkwan was Korea's foremost institution of higher learning under the Joseon Dynasty education system.

During the period of Japanese rule, the traditionally higher-education Sungkyunkwan was derogated and then almost closed by the Governor-General of Korea in favor of the new imperial universities. After liberation from the Empire of Japan, however, it was reopened as a college by the United States Army Military Government in Korea. Before long, it was reinstated by the ex-rector of Sungkyunkwan, Kim Changsook, and then expanded to a comprehensive university in 1953.

As Korea modernized and underwent social and economic reforms, SKKU has played an important role in academic freedom in higher education and also kept alive traditional ethics in Korean society.

In 1946, enrollment numbered 155. The number of graduates now totals approximately 130,000.[citation needed]

Sungkyunkwan now operates two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon.

Timeline[edit]

  • 1398: The foundation of Sungkyunkwan
  • 1400–1418: King Taejong initiates a tradition for royal princes to enter Sungkyunkwan.
  • 1475: Jongyeonggak, Korea's first library, is established.
  • 1519: Planting of the pair of ginkgo trees, (Natural Monument No. 59) that became SKKU's symbol.
  • 1592: Munmyo, the Confucian Shrine, is destroyed in a fire.
  • 1601: Munmyo is reconstructed.
  • 1895: Sungkyunkwan is reformed as a modern three-year university.
  • 1911: The university is renamed Kyonghagwon by the Japanese Government-General.
  • 1946: Sungkyunkwan receives accreditation from United States Army Military Government in Korea on September 25 as Sunkyunkwan College(성균관대학).[9]
  • 1950: Campus buildings, libraries are destroyed in a fire.
  • 1953: The university is promoted to a comprehensive university; the Graduate School is established.
  • 1954: The Main Building is constructed (5 storeys, 1,333 pyeong).
  • 1957: First Science Hall is opened.
  • 1958: The Central Library is opened (5 storeys, 1,038 pyeong); the Evening College is established.
  • 1962: The Administration Building is constructed (4 storeys, 1,271 pyeong).
  • 1963: The College of Business Administration is established. The First Faculty Hall is constructed.
  • 1964: The museum opens.
  • 1965: The College of Sciences and Engineering is established.
  • 1966: The School of Library Services is established. The Evening Graduate Schools are established.
  • 1971: The Graduate School of Foreign Trade is established.
  • 1972: The College of Education is established.
  • 1978: The Natural Sciences Campus opens in Suwon.
  • 1981: The Graduate School of Education is established.
  • 1983: The Science Library building is constructed.
  • 1986: The Susonggwan Gymnasium Complex and Yanghyongwan Student Quarters are constructed.
  • 1988: The Graduate School of Confucian Studies is established.
  • 1993: The School of Continuing Education is established.
  • 1995: The Graduate School of International Cooperation is established.
  • 1996: Samsung Group reacquires the university foundation; the Graduate School of Mass Communications and Journalism is established.
  • 1997: The College of Medicine, the Graduate School of Design, and the Graduate School of Business Administration are established.
  • 1998: 600th Anniversary; the School of Art is established.
  • 1999: The Medical Building is constructed.
  • 2000: The 600th Anniversary Building is constructed; the Business Administration Building is reconstructed.
  • 2001: Research Complex 1 is constructed; Wisdom Hall (dormitory) is constructed.
  • 2002: The Electronic Microscope Complex is constructed.
  • 2002: Construction begins on the Law Building.
  • 2003: The 18th President, Dr Seo Jung-don, is inaugurated.
  • 2004: The Law Building is constructed; Su Seon Hall is renovated; Hoam Hall is renovated; the International House is constructed; SKK Graduate School of Business is launched in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management.
  • 2005: Research Complex 2 is constructed.
  • 2006: The Graduate School of Mobile Systems Engineering, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established; the PACE (Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education) Center is established; the Semiconductor System Engineering Course, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established.
  • 2007: The Global Business Undergraduate Program is established (dual degree program with Kelley School of Business and The Ohio State University).
  • 2008: The Global Economy Undergraduate Program is established (dual degree program with Indiana University and University of Birmingham).
  • 2008: The International Hall is constructed.
  • 2009: The Graduate School of Interaction Science, which is sponsored by Korea's Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, is established.
  • 2011: The 19th President, Dr Kim Jun-young, is inaugurated.
  • 2013: Sungkyunkwan University's Graduate School of Business (GSB) is ranked 51st in the world by the Financial Times (FT)'s 2013 Global MBA (full-time) ranking.

Industry collaboration[edit]

Samsung partnered with SKKU in the period of 1965-1977 and renewed the partnership in 1996. The partnership has helped SKKU realize its vision in pursuit of globalization and fostering talented graduates with Samsung.[10] Through the partnership, SKKU has developed high-quality research infrastructure and achieved excellent human resource management.

Through this partnership, SKKU has developed world-leading academic programs in software development, mobile communications engineering, energy engineering, nanotechnology, business, medicine, and law.[11]

Through the Samsung Global Scholarship Program (GSP), each year 15-25 students are selected for Seoul National University's engineering program or SKKU's Graduate School of Business (SKK GSB). Selected GSP students currently study for three semesters. Previously, it was four semesters, including a possibility of spending a semester at one of SKK GSB's top partner universities in the U.S. (MIT Sloan, Columbia University, Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management, University of Michigan's Ross School of Business, Dartmouth College's Tuck School of Business or Indiana University's Kelley School of Business).

SKKU's medical school is affiliated with Samsung Medical Center.

The Samsung University Library built in 2009 on the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon is designed to resemble an open book.[12]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU[13] 201-300
Times[14] 148
QS[15] 140
Asia
ARWU[16] 36
Times[17] 16
QS (World version)[18]
QS (Asian version)[19]
17

SKKU has risen quickly through the rankings, even while many other Korean universities are dropping.[20]

2014, SKKU rose to 17th in the QS Asia rankings, overtaking Korea University. In 2013, SKKU was ranked 21st, marking a jump of four placings. This marks a notable acceleration, as SKKU had previously advanced three places to 21st from its 2012 ranking of 24th. The high ranking is attributed to SKKU's international engagement including short-term study abroad programs and dual-degree programs, as well as its industry ties to Samsung and its graduate reputation as evidenced in the high employment rate of SKKU graduates.[21] Globally, QS ranked SKKU 140th. In the Times Higher Education 2014 world university ranking, SKKU leapt to 148th, previously ranking in the 201-225 range in 2013.

SKKU was ranked Korea's top comprehensive university by the Joongang Daily university rankings in 2013 and 2014

The SKK GSB Global MBA has also been ranked by the Financial Times as the #1 MBA in Korea, Top 10 in Asia and 45th worldwide.[22]

Motto[edit]

SKKU's motto, "Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, and Wisdom" (仁, 義, 禮, 知), reflects the basic spirit of Confucianism. These four cardinal virtues express humankind's four inherent elements of spirit, action, conscience, and intellect. Humanity abides in the heart that loves, righteousness abides in the heart that knows right from wrong, propriety abides in the heart that knows forbearance, and wisdom abides in the heart that perceives. Confucian philosophy attests to man's innate goodness, and at the same time recognizes that this quality must nevertheless be awakened and nurtured. These four principles, which comprise SKKU's educational philosophy, are the basis for higher education's goals of the search for truth and the establishment of social justice, which are, in turn, based on humanity.

University symbol[edit]

The university's symbol is two giant ginkgo trees (Natural Monument No. 59). Located in the original historic campus of Sungkyunkwan, they are considered one of the school's key symbols.[23] Both trees are male and thus do not bear fruit. Planted in 1519 by Yun Tak, a former president of Sungkyunkwan, they hold symbolic meaning in Confucianism because Confucius is said to have loved reading, pondering, and teaching his disciples under a ginkgo tree. These trees also represent longevity and enlightenment, both held important in Korean culture.

Faculty and enrollment[edit]

Data from April 2008[2]
Full-Time Professors: 1,138 / Emeritus Professors: 137 / Research Professors: 201 / Clinical Professors: 63 / Associate Professors: 1,687 / Lecturers: 633 / Adjunct Professors: 290 / Visiting Professors: 104 / Exchange Professors: 2 / Others: 4

Total: 4,259

Data from March 2008[24] Undergraduate Enrollment: 27,639 / Master Course: 5,980 / Doctor's Course: 1,210 / Unified Course: 215

Total: 35,044

Data from 2013
International Students: 2,836 / Degree Seeking: 1,097 / Non-Degree Seeking: 1,739

Campus[edit]

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus[edit]

The deep roots of the university are so strongly entwined with Seoul that the university cannot be described in isolation from the city. Like the university, Seoul is the center of Korea's remarkable economic growth over the past 40 years with its unique tradition and current modernity. Seoul was the seat of government as early as the Baekje Kingdom for over 1,500 years. However, the city became more important with the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392, when it became the capital city. The campus of SKKU is situated inside Seoul city walls, within the original capital of Joseon.

Located uphill from the original Sungkyunkwan site, the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus is spread over a hill looking down on Jongmyo Royal Shrine, which has been designated by as a National Treasure.

Currently, six schools, three colleges and many graduate schools call the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus their home. To commemorate the founding philosophy of the university, the 600th Anniversary Memorial Hall, which houses the Academy of East Asian Studies, was constructed on this campus. This new facility has a floor space of 31,930 square meters as well as four underground levels and six above-ground storeys.

Natural Sciences Campus[edit]

Samsung Library at Suwon campus
Natural Sciences Campus Hill

Just like Seoul, the university grew rapidly, and the expansion called for a new campus. The original site was preserved as the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus, while the expanding science programs were moved to a new campus in Suwon.

The university's modern Natural Sciences Campus was established in 1978. This campus is situated 45km south of Seoul, on a 250-acre (1.0 km2) site. The campus is home to five schools, two colleges and various graduate schools. The management of the Natural Sciences Campus is considered a paragon of educational administration in Korea.[citation needed]

When the new campus was built, the idea of an equal dual campus system was new to Korean higher education; this system remains unique in Korea. Some comprehensive universities located in large cities have tried to meet the need for expansion by founding separate, usually smaller campuses in rural areas. Besides solving the problem of physical expansion, the separate campus system brought the University many opportunities for growth.

Suwon preserves the traditional beauty of the Joseon era (1392–1910), but it also now flourishes as a center for business, education and economic research, due to its proximity to major industrial complexes.

In an effort to serve society by building a bridge between academia and the industrial sector, the Science Technology Park (STP), is being developed at this campus. The university, industries in the surrounding area, and the government have combined forces in this project.

Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology[edit]

Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology

SAINT is the abbreviation of Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology. This institute opened on March, 2005.

SAINT was founded on March 1, 2005 as one of the four core programs of Sungkyunkwan University’s VISION2010+ plan to be ranked in the top 100 universities in the world. With the financial support from Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), its goal is to become one of the world's top 5 nanotechnology-related institutes. The current director of SAINT is Michael Grätzel.

Sungkyun Language Institute[edit]

Sungkyun Language Institute (SLI) is a semi-autonomous division of Sungkyunkwan University. English, Japanese, Mandarin and Korean are all taught, though Mandarin is not taught at the Suwon campus. Korean is taught at six levels from beginner to advanced levels. There are 18 lecturers of Korean and 16 foreign lecturers of English at the campus in Seoul, with 14 foreign English lecturers in Suwon, while the two Japanese lecturers based in Suwon are themselves Korean. There are also several foreign lecturers of other languages in Seoul and Korean lecturers of English on both campuses. SLI is managed separately from the university and the management follows different systems of organisation on the two campuses, yet they both fall under an umbrella level of administrative management.

Courses[edit]

Both credit and non-credit classes are taught. The English credit courses are chiefly in Academic Writing and Academic Presentations, though there are also ESP (English for Specific Purposes) classes in Business English, English for Scientific Purposes, English Literature and Current English at the Suwon campus. Non-credit classes are less specialised, and are therefore more typical of ESL environments. These are also open to people who are not registered as students at Sungkyunkwan University to attend. It is not uncommon for members of staff or local residents to attend such classes. For the main courses (Academic Writing and Presentations), SLI produces its own books, which are published by Sungkyunkwan University Press and which have thus far been revised on a yearly basis.

Facilities[edit]

SLI has a "Global Zone" – a room in which students may relax, study, read, browse the web, view online lectures, attend conferences, watch international TV, or seek English assistance from the lecturers – on each site.

Notable international programs[edit]

Sungkyunkwan University has a high number of international students, making up over 10% of the total undergraduate student body. In 2011, the population of international students at SKKU surpassed 1,000.[25] There were over 2,700 international students enrolled at SKKU in 2013, and each year more than 2,000 Korean students from SKKU go abroad. SKKU maintains partnerships with over 770 universities in over 84 countries around the world, and has agreements with 21 overseas institutions to offer dual-degree programs.[26]

International Summer Semester[edit]

The majority of SKKU's international students attend the International Summer Semester program, usually held from late June to late July. Started in 2008, it had 1,727 enrolled international students in 2013's program.

Winter International Student Experience[edit]

2014 will mark the first year of the WISE program, held during the winter break from January 6 to 28. It is offered especially for students from warmer regions including Southeast Asia, South America, and Australia to experience winter life in Korea.

Graduate School of Business[edit]

In 2004 SKKU launched Korea’s first fully English-taught Global MBA program in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management and the Indiana Kelley School of Business, which is currently ranked 45th in the world in the Financial Times Global MBA Rankings. The SKK GSB Global MBA has also been ranked by the Financial Times as the #1 MBA in Korea, Top 10 in Asia and 45th worldwide.[27]

ASLE-Korea[edit]

Sungkyunkwan University's Department of English Language and Literature is birthplace and home of the Korean affiliate of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE-Korea or ASLE-K). ASLE-Korea [7] hosts two conferences a year (Spring and Fall) and publishes Literature and Environment (문학과환경),a journal dedicated to extending ecocritical scholarship, with articles written primarily in Korean and English.

SKKU in popular culture[edit]

The old campus of Sungkyunkwan was the setting for the fusion historical drama Sungkyunkwan Scandal about a female student who disguises herself as a male in order to attend the boys-only Confucian academy. The setting resulted in increased interest in SKKU from international audiences who watched the drama.

Budget and facilities[edit]

Annual Budget: 635,000,000,000 won (USD 592,627,000.56)

Budget from Tuition: 243,000,000,000 won (38.4%)
Budget from University Foundation: 81,000,000,000 won (26.8%)

Current Library Holdings: 1,830,806 (bound volumes)

Central Library: 914,228 / Samsung Library: 610,023
Jongyeonggak Library: 146,187 / Library of Medicine: 11,330 / Law Library: 56,438 / Library of Architecture: 2,600

University Area: 3,593,341 m²

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 1,394,154 m² / Natural Sciences Campus: 2,199,187 m²
(including Tobong Varsity Teams Training Center: 61,339 m² / Botanical Gardens: 329,222 m² /
Samchuk Seaside Retreat: 2,390 m²)

Building Area: 344,510 m²

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 141,803 m²
Natural Sciences Campus: 202,707 m²

Notable alumni[edit]

Politics and diplomacy[edit]

Actors[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Musicians and singers[edit]

Historical figures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abbreviations of Sungkyunkwan University in Korean: 성대(成大; Seongdae). English: SKKU
  2. ^ a b c d e 대학소개>대학현황>현황. Skku.edu. Retrieved on 2014-03-22.
  3. ^ [1] SKKU Official Brochure 2013
  4. ^ [2] Gyeongguk Daejeon, the great code
  5. ^ [3] Sungkyunkwan in the code of Gyeongguk Daejeon
  6. ^ [4] Financial Times Business School Ranking
  7. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 - South Korea". Shanghai Ranking. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  8. ^ [5] Studying in SKKU, University of Massachusetts Boston
  9. ^ ::: 자랑스런 성균관 꽃피우는 유교문화 올바른 인성교육 성균관 예절교실 :::. Skkok.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  10. ^ [6] Global leading programs with Samsung
  11. ^ "Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) – Our Organizing Partner". QS-APPLE. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  12. ^ Kelly, Toni. "Sungkyunkwan University - Samsung Library". Exploring Learning Spaces and Libraries in Asia. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  14. ^ "World University Rankings 2014-2015". Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 
  15. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2014/15)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings (extracting Asian universities from the list for counting this position)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  19. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Korean Universities' Rankings Plummet Due to Insularity". Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  21. ^ Oh, Kyu-wook. "SKKU on path to become top global university". Korea Herald. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "Global MBA Ranking 2014". Financial Times. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "교목 (은행나무)". Sungkyunkwan University website. Archived from the original on 2005-11-20. Retrieved 2006-04-24. 
  24. ^ 대학현황 > 학생현황. Skku.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  25. ^ Kwon, Jungyun (16 December 2011). "Korea’s international students reach out". Korea.net. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  26. ^ Oh, Kyu-wook (9 October 2013). "SKKU on path to become top global university". Korea Herald. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Global MBA Ranking 2014". Financial Times. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°35′14″N 126°59′39″E / 37.58722°N 126.99417°E / 37.58722; 126.99417