Sunken Meadow State Parkway
Map of Long Island with Sunken Meadow State Parkway highlighted in red
|Length:||6.19 mi (9.96 km)|
|Existed:||1954 – present|
|History:||Opened November 29, 1954 (to NY 25)
April 1, 1957 (full length)
|South end:||Northern State Parkway / Sagtikos Parkway in Smithtown|
| NY 454 in East Commack
NY 25 in East Commack
NY 25A in Kings Park
|North end:||Sunken Meadow State Park in Kings Park|
The Sunken Meadow State Parkway (also known as the Sunken Meadow) is a 6.19-mile (9.96 km) long parkway in Suffolk County, Long Island, New York. Located entirely within the town of Smithtown, the parkway begins at a cloverleaf interchange with the Northern State Parkway (exits 44–45) and the northern terminus of the Sagtikos State Parkway. The parkway, which continues north, is a northern spur of the Sagtikos, which opened in September 1952. The northern end of the parkway is at the toll barrier in exit SM5 in the Kings Park section of Smithtown. From there, the road continues north through Sunken Meadow State Park to a roundabout at the Long Island Sound. The parkway comprises the northern half of New York State Route 908K (NY 908K, an unsigned reference route), with the Sagtikos State Parkway forming the southern portion. Commercial vehicles are, like on most parkways, prohibited from using the Sunken Meadow, except for a portion north of NY 25A in Kings Park.
The parkway was first proposed in 1928 when the town of Smithtown deeded over 400 acres (160 ha) of land to the Long Island State Park Commission via public vote. Due to land use restrictions in Nassau County, Sunken Meadow was the first park east of New York City, because provisions for a parkway would be near impossible to build. Construction of the parkway commenced after the Sagtikos opened in September 1952, with the interchange at the Northern State Parkway. The first portion opened to traffic in November 1954 from the Northern State/Sagtikos to NY 25, with a slated completion in 1956. The parkway was completed in April 1957, opening on the 1st. As part of the parkway opening, improvements were made to Sunken Meadow State Park, including expanded vehicle capacity and a longer boardwalk. In 2001, the Sunken Meadow was proposed in a study to receive a widening, which would include new bus and carpool lanes.
The Sunken Meadow State Parkway begins at exit 44–45 off the Northern State Parkway, a cloverleaf interchange that also serves as the northern terminus of the Sagtikos State Parkway. Southbound, this interchange is designed as exit SM1. After the Northern State, the Sunken Meadow continues northeast on the right-of-way used by the Sagtikos, crossing through the Candy Section section of Smithtown. Passing west of Valmont Village Park, the four-lane parkway crosses under New Highway, bending northeast through Candy Section, becoming a divided parkway as it enters exit SM2. This exit, which is only served northbound, connects the Sunken Meadow to NY 454 (Veterans Memorial Highway) via Harned Road, a local street in Smithtown. The four-lane parkway continues northward through Candy Section, crossing under NY 454 a short distance after the interchange. At the overpass, the westbound entrance from NY 454 connects to the southbound Sunken Meadow.
Immediately after crossing under NY 454, the Sunken Meadow State Parkway continues northward into exit SM3, which serves as a cloverleaf interchange with NY 25 (Jericho Turnpike). The four-lane parkway continues north out of the interchange, immediately entering exit SM3A, which northbound connects to County Route 14 (CR 14; Indian Head Road). Southbound, this interchange serves Old Indian Head Road. After exit SM3A, the Sunken Meadow bends northeast, becoming a divided highway once again, crossing through Smithtown. The parkway bends north once again, crossing under Scholar Lane before bending northwest into Commack. In Commack, the parkway comes back together again, paralleling Old Commack Road under Old Northport Road. After a bend to the northeast, the parkway enters Kings Park.
In Kings Park, the Sunken Meadow State Parkway bends northward, crossing under the Long Island Rail Road's Port Jefferson Branch and entering exit SM4. Exit SM4 is a cloverleaf interchange that serves CR 11 (Pulaski Road / East Northport Road). After the interchange with CR 11, the Sunken Meadow continues northward through Kings Park as a four-lane parkway with a wide median, bending northeast into exit SM5. Exit SM5, the last on the Sunken Meadow, is a cloverleaf interchange with NY 25A (Fort Salonga Road). After crossing over NY 25A, the Sunken Meadow State Parkway enters Sunken Meadow State Park at a toll barrier in the middle of the interchange. The toll barrier serves as the northern terminus of the Sunken Meadow State Parkway, while the right-of-way continues north through Sunken Meadow State Park, terminating at a roundabout near the Long Island Sound.
Sunken Meadow State Park began as a bunch of parcels of land own by the town of Smithtown that were brought together in bunches and when the park first opened in 1928, it was 400 acres (160 ha) large. This land had been given to the state by a public vote of 493–436 (for vs. against) with promises of a new parkway and expanded facilities. By 1949, this had been expanded over to 925 acres (374 ha), with 10,000 feet (3,000 m) of beach. Due to restrictive land usage in Nassau County for a parkway, Robert Moses and the Long Island State Park Commission announced that the burden of providing a beach on the northern shore of Long Island rested on Sunken Meadow State Park. However, no funding had been received for the new parkway, which had been requested.
The Sunken Meadow State Parkway was considered as one part of three spurs of the Sagtikos State Parkway, which bridged the eastern gap of the Long Island parkway system. Then designated the Sunken Meadow Spur, the route was to connect the Northern State and Sagtikos to Sunken Meadow State Park. The Sagtikos State Parkway opened on September 29, 1952 with provisions for the Sunken Meadow State, Originally when the park opened, an entrance was placed on a remote section of NY 25A in Fort Salonga.
Slated with a 1956 completion date, the first 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Northern State to NY 25 (Jericho Turnpike) opened on November 29, 1954, with the landscaping at NY 25 incomplete. The LISPC believed that Sunken Meadow State Park, when the parkway is finished, was to become the second-most used park on Long Island, behind Jones Beach State Park. On April 1, 1957, the Long Island Parks Commission opened the full alignment of the Sunken Meadow State Parkway to traffic, after an $11 million (1957 USD) construction project on the 7-mile (11 km).
With the opening of the new parkway, the Long Island Parks Commission expanded Sunken Meadow State Park to handle the additional traffic. The commission added four new parking lots, which brought capacity on the parkway from 3,000 vehicles to 7,500 vehicles. A new overlook was constructed, which also had the capacity for 1,250 more vehicles. A new cafeteria, extensions of the then-2,000-foot (610 m) boardwalk another 1,700 feet (520 m), along with other new facilities valued at $1 million (1957 USD). All the facility expansion brought the size of Sunken Meadow State Park to 1,020 acres (410 ha) with 11,700 feet (3,600 m) of beachfront.
From 1997–2001, engineers had been working on a $6.5 million (2001 USD) study that would expand that would improve Long Island's transportation system by 2020. Included within the plan was 130 miles (210 km) of road widening, which included the Sunken Meadow State Parkway from the Northern State to NY 454. These proposals would give the Sunken Meadow a restricted-access lane for buses and carpooling drivers, part of a 60 miles (97 km) long system on Long Island.
|0.00||0.00||Sagtikos Parkway||Continuation beyond Northern Parkway|
|0.00||0.00||SM1||Northern State Parkway – New York, Hauppauge||Signed as SM1 W (west) and SM1 E (east)|
|1.67||2.69||SM2||NY 454 (Veterans Memorial Highway) – Hauppauge, Patchogue||To NY 347; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|2.07||3.33||SM3||NY 25 (Jericho Turnpike) – South Huntington, Smithtown||Signed as SM3 W (west) and SM3 E (east)|
|SM3A||CR 14 (Indian Head Road) – Kings Park||Northbound exit and entrance|
|5.07||8.16||SM4||CR 11 (Pulaski Road) – Huntington Station, Kings Park||Signed as SM4 W (west) and SM4 E (east)|
|6.07||9.77||SM5||NY 25A (Fort Salonga Road) – Huntington, Smithtown||Signed as SM5 W (west) and SM5 E (east); all trucks and buses must exit here southbound, trucks and buses may enter here northbound|
|6.19||9.96||Sunken Meadow State Park toll barrier|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). Albany, New York: New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
- Microsoft. Bing Maps – overview map of the Sunken Meadow State Parkway (Map). Cartography by Nokia. http://binged.it/Ow5qyA. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- Porterfield, Byron (April 21, 1957). "Enlarging a Beach: Parkway Spur Opens Up Expanded Facilities at Sunken Meadow Park". The New York Times (New York, New York). p. 111.
- "Votes Park Land To State: Smithtown Decides to Convey Property on North Shore of Long Island.". The New York Times (New York, New York). November 7, 1928. p. 50.
- "Sunken Meadow Adds To Acreage: Park at Smithtown Is Nearly Doubled in Two Years -'51 Crowd Set Record". The New York Times (New York, New York). January 6, 1952. p. 80.
- "Asks New Parkway, Link to Jones Beach". The New York Times (New York, New York). February 28, 1939. p. 21.
- "First Stretch to Open In New L. I. Parkway". The New York Times (New York, New York). November 29, 1954. p. 26.
- "L.I. Parkway Link Will Open Today; New Spur Connects Shore and Northern State Parkway". The New York Times. April 1, 1957. p. 27.
- Cotsalas, Valerie (July 1, 2001). "A Transportation Vision for 2020: Is It 20/20?". The New York Times (New York, New York). p. 1. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
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