Sunnyside, Queens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sunnyside
Neighborhoods of Queens
The gantry over 46th Street at Queens Boulevard is located in the heart of Sunnyside
The gantry over 46th Street at Queens Boulevard is located in the heart of Sunnyside
Country United States
State New York
County Queens
Named for Sunnyside Hill Farms
Population
 • Total 29,506
ZIP code 11104
Area code(s) 718, 347, 917
Wall mural on a building in Sunnyside

Sunnyside is a middle-class and commercial neighborhood in the Western portion of the New York City borough of Queens. It shares borders with Hunters Point and Long Island City to the west, Astoria to the north, Woodside to the east and Maspeth to the south. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community District 2, served by Queens Community Board 2.[1]

The land was originally owned by French settlers in the 1800s. The name "Sunnyside" is derived from Sunnyside Hill Farms, so named by the Bragraws family who owned the land.[2] Sunnyside was a rural hamlet mostly consisting of small farms and marshland. It was incorporated into Long Island City in 1870, and developed into a bedroom community after the Queensboro Bridge was completed in 1909. A large portion of the neighborhood is six-story apartment buildings constructed during the 1920s and '30s.

Sunnyside Gardens subsection[edit]

Sunnyside Gardens Historic District
Sunnyside Gardens.jpg
A typical brick row house along 39th Avenue.
Sunnyside, Queens is located in New York City
Sunnyside, Queens
Location in New York City
Location Roughly bounded by Queens Blvd., 43rd and 52nd Sts. Barnett and Skillman Aves., New York, New York
Coordinates 40°44′49″N 73°55′3″W / 40.74694°N 73.91750°W / 40.74694; -73.91750
Area 53 acres (21 ha)
Built 1924
Architect Stein,Clarence; Wright,Henry
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Art Deco
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference #

84002919

[3]
Added to NRHP September 7, 1984

Sunnyside Gardens, listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places,[4][5] is among the first planned communities in the U.S.

Sunnyside Gardens includes one-, two-, and three-family homes, and a few apartment buildings, all made of Hudson brick (it was inexpensive, durable, and available). Each private residence has a small front garden facing the street and a private garden in the rear. The rental units in the two- and three-family houses enjoy private terraces overlooking the gardens. There are two configurations: the courtyard condition and the mews condition; at the edges of the community some homes simply line the street, with a common walkway running the length of the row. Homes in the courtyard blocks enclose an inner courtyard that was designated a common, landscaped but not used for recreation. Each homeowner actually owned, and paid taxes on, the part of the common in the block and lot, even if it was not used. The mews houses face a common front court and back on alleys; each mews house also has a private rear yard.

This model allowed for denser residential development, while also providing ample open/green-space amenities. Clarence Stein and Henry Wright served as the primary architects and planners for this development (Frederick L. Ackerman designed some of the mews houses), and the landscape architect was Marjorie Sewell Cautley. As an amenity for the residents, the City Housing Corporation reserved lots on the northern edge of the development abutting the railroad yards for a private park. This is one of only two private parks in the city, the other being Gramercy Park. These well-planned garden homes are now listed as a historic district and are also home to one of only two private parks in New York City, Gramercy Park being the other.[2][6]

Early history[edit]

The area was first development in the United States patterned after the ideas of the garden city movement initiated in England in the first decades of the twentieth century by Ebenezer Howard and Raymond Unwin, specifically Hampstead Garden Suburb and Letchworth Garden City. Covering 77 acres between Queens Boulevard and the Sunnyside Railroad Yards, Sunnyside Gardens was constructed between 1924 to 1928 by the City Housing Corporation, founded by developer Alexander Bing, and architects Clarence Stein and Henry Wright. The project grew out of discussions in the early 1920s about housing and planning; Lewis Mumford was a leading participant.

In the early years of the Great Depression, nearly 60 percent of the residents lost their homes to foreclosure.[7] Those difficult years saw organized resistance by residents who forcefully resisted efforts by city marshals to evict families. The character of Sunnyside Gardens was protected by 40-year easements which protected the integrity of the courtyards and common walkways and controlled changes to the exterior of every property, extending to even paint color. Those covenants lapsed in the mid-1960s, and some homeowners rushed to claim their property, erecting fences into the middle of some courtyards. In response, in 1974 the Department of City Planning designated Sunnyside Gardens a special planned community preservation district, together with Fresh Meadows, Parkchester, and the Harlem River Houses. With that designation came rules protecting the inner courts and landscaping, and prohibiting driveways and curbcuts, rear sheds, and additions.

Sunnyside Gardens Historic District[edit]

The Sunnyside Gardens Historic District is a national historic district that includes 66 contributing buildings and 12 contributing sites.[8] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[3]

In 2003, a grassroots movement started to request designation as a New York City Historic District, in response to lack of protection for the historic character of the homes in the neighborhood. The campaign was surprisingly contentious and garnered publicity in major news outlets, including WNYC and the New York Times. On April 17, 2007, the Landmarks Preservation Commission held a public hearing on the neighborhood; 60 residents and advocates, including Fiona Lowenstein, a descendant of Henry Wright[citation needed] spoke in favor of landmark designation while 25 people spoke against. According to the New York Times, Sunnyside Gardens is a “Pocket of Queens Brimming with History and Now Resentment”.[9] This was documented on New York Public Radio in a segment called "Cloud Over Sunnyside?".[10] On June 26, 2007, the Landmarks Preservation Commission voted to designate the community.

Before designation there was considerable illegal or simply inappropriate work done on houses. Since designation, there has been a noticeable drop in work done without Department of Buildings permits, and many homeowners have restored their properties under the standards set by the Landmarks Commission. One project converting a two-family house into a single-family residence was awarded an award by the New York State chapter of the AIA.[11] Gradually the district is returning to its original character.

Demographics[edit]

Welcome to Sunnyside sign
View of Midtown Manhattan from 40th Street – Lowery Street subway station in Sunnyside

Ethnicities of Sunnyside's residents include those of Latin American (Colombians, Ecuadorians, Dominican, Salvadorans and Puerto Rican), Jewish, Korean, Japanese, Chinese, Tibetan, Nepali, Indian, Albanian, Bangladeshi, Greek, Irish, Italian, Turkish, Armenian, and Romanian ancestry. Sunnyside is 48.0% White, 28.0% Hispanic/Latino (of any race), 24.0% Asian.

The median income for Sunnyside is $37,962 USD. There are 14,798 females and 14,708 males currently residing in Sunnyside.[12]

Schools and public services[edit]

PS 150

Schools

  • PS 199 – 39-20 48th Avenue
  • PS 150 – 40-01 43rd Avenue
  • PS 11 – 54-25 Skillman Avenue
  • IS 125 – 46–02 47 Avenue

Public Services

  • Fire Department – Engine 325, Hook & Ladder 163 – "Woodside Warriors", FDNY – 41-24/26 51st Street
  • Police Department – 108th Precinct, NYPD – 5–47 50th Avenue
  • Sunnyside Post Office – 45-15 44th Street
  • Sunnyside Branch of Queens Borough Public Library – 43-06 Greenpoint Avenue

Parks

Transportation[edit]

Sunnyside is served by the 7 train on the New York City Subway's IRT Flushing Line , with 33rd Street – Rawson Street, 40th Street – Lowery Street, and 46th Street – Bliss Street in Sunnyside. The Q32, Q39, Q60, Q104, and B24 buses run through Sunnyside.

The area has easy access to Manhattan via the Long Island Expressway and the Queens Midtown Tunnel and to Brooklyn via the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway.

Sunnyside is also known for the former Pennsylvania Railroad (now Amtrak) railyard known as Sunnyside Yard. It is a staging area for both Amtrak and New Jersey Transit trains leaving from Penn Station. The proposed East Side Access project will include a new Long Island Rail Road train station in Sunnyside at Queens Boulevard along the LIRR's Main Line (into Penn Station) will provide one-stop access for area residents to Midtown Manhattan and Grand Central Terminal.[13]

Notable residents[edit]

Sunnyside has produced or nurtured such talents as Ethel Merman, Perry Como, Nancy Walker, Benh Zeitlin, David Horowitz, Judy Holliday,[14] Joe Spinell, James Caan and Rudy Vallee;[15] artist Raphael Soyer, and writers and social activists such as Lewis Mumford and Suze Rotolo. The Queens-grown punk rock group The Ramones played some of their earliest gigs in Sunnyside pubs during the 1970s[citation needed]. In the years before World War II New York Giants star Hap Moran coached a youth football team, the Mustangs, in Sunnyside Park.[16]

Legendary jazz musician Bix Beiderbecke, "the remote and mysterious jazz cornettist... died in obscurity" in an apartment building at 43–30 46th Street, in Sunnyside.[17] On the 100th anniversary of his birth, the Greater Astoria Historical Society joined with a number community groups to erect a plaque in his honor.

William Patrick Stuart-Houston, the nephew of Adolf Hitler, lived in Sunnyside for a brief period of time before leaving for the U.S. Navy in 1944.

Former pro wrestler Chris Kanyon came from Sunnyside.

In film[edit]

Notable films shot in the area include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Queens Community Boards, New York City. Accessed September 3, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Community and Library History, Queens Borough Public Library. Accessed February 14, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  4. ^ "Sunnyside" on Forgotten NY Neighborhoods
  5. ^ Vitullo-Martin, Julia (2005-07-07). "A Pioneering Queens Garden Community Flourishes Anew". New York Sun. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ Kroessler, Jeffrey A., Building Queens: the urbanization of New York's largest borough. Ph.D. dissertation, CUNY Graduate School, 1991.
  8. ^ Merrill Hesch (August 1984). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sunnyside Gardens Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-01-16.  See also: "Accompanying 24 photos". 
  9. ^ Barry, Ellen (2007-07-05). "A Pocket of Queens Brimming With History, and Now Resentment". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  10. ^ Cloud over Sunnyside? (WNYC FM 93.9/AM 820; The Brian Lehrer Show, March 7, 2007)
  11. ^ heimarchitect.com
  12. ^ http://www.fizber.com/sale-by-owner-home-services/new-york-city-sunnyside-profile.html
  13. ^ Vandam, Jeff. "An Enclave at Once Snug and Inclusive", The New York Times, February 4, 2007. Accessed February 14, 2008. "When the Long Island Rail Road's East Side Access project is completed in 2013, its trains, too, will go to Grand Central. Sunnyside's new station in the system will create a nonstop commute to Midtown."
  14. ^ Shepard, Richard F. "Memories of My Queens", The New York Times, September 3, 1995. Accessed October 19, 2007. "My earliest memories are of Sunnyside, about 1929 and 1930, when my family moved to Queens and bought a house in Sunnyside Gardens, on what was then called Locust Street. Our next-door neighbors were a family by the name of Tuvim, whose daughter was to become a star of Broadway and Hollywood named Judy Holliday, although as a younger-than-teen-age Queens girl she gave little evidence of such talent."
  15. ^ "Spare Times", The New York Times, October 12, 2001. Accessed October 19, 2007. "Hometown NYC: Sunnyside, Queens. A tour of the area that was once home to Rudy Vallee, led by Saul Bennett, a poet who was raised in the neighborhood."
  16. ^ http://www.hapmoran.org/hapmoran/hap_moran_page2.htm
  17. ^ "Solo in Sunnyside; Frank Gray travels through Queens, New York, in search of the late Bix Beiderbecke." The Guardian, April 30, 2005.

External links[edit]

Sunnyside Gardens

Coordinates: 40°44′35″N 73°55′12″W / 40.743°N 73.920°W / 40.743; -73.920