Sunnyvale, California

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Sunnyvale, California
City
City of Sunnyvale
Skyline of Sunnyvale, California
Flag of Sunnyvale, California
Flag
Official seal of Sunnyvale, California
Seal
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°22′16″N 122°2′15″W / 37.37111°N 122.03750°W / 37.37111; -122.03750Coordinates: 37°22′16″N 122°2′15″W / 37.37111°N 122.03750°W / 37.37111; -122.03750
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Santa Clara
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Jim Griffith[1]
 • Vice Mayor Jim Davis[1]
 • City Manager Deanna Santana [2]
Area[3]
 • Total 22.689 sq mi (58.765 km2)
 • Land 21.987 sq mi (56.947 km2)
 • Water 0.702 sq mi (1.818 km2)  3.09%
Elevation 128 ft (39 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 140,081
 • Rank 2nd in Santa Clara County
39th in California
176th in the United States
 • Density 6,200/sq mi (2,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94085-94090
Area code(s) 408/669 and 650
FIPS code 06-77000
GNIS feature ID 1656344
Website www.Sunnyvale.ca.gov

Sunnyvale (/ˈsʌnivl/ or /ˈsʌnivəl/), officially the City of Sunnyvale, is a city located in Santa Clara County, California. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095.

The city is one of the major cities that make up the Silicon Valley located in the San Francisco Bay Area. It is the seventh most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Sunnyvale is bordered by portions of San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfield to the northwest, Mountain View to the west, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, and Santa Clara to the east. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101.

As part of the Silicon Valley, high-tech companies such as Juniper Networks, Fortinet, AMD, NetApp, Spansion, Yahoo!, AppliedMicro and Ariba are headquartered there. Sunnyvale is also home to several aerospace/defense companies; Lockheed Martin has a major facility in Sunnyvale, and Honeywell, Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems - Marine Systems (formerly Joshua Hendy Iron Works), Finisar, and Spirent also have offices in Sunnyvale. Sunnyvale was also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station, where its memorial building was locally known as the Blue Cube. The base, named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka, was an artificial satellite control facility of the United States armed forces until August 2010.

Sunnyvale is one of the few U.S. cities to have a single unified Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters, police officers, and EMTs, so they can respond to an emergency in any of the three roles.

Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center.

History[edit]

Libby Water Tower, a heritage landmark in Sunnyvale.[4]

When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone native Americans. In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was built by Ohlone who converted to Christianity.

In 1842, Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas was granted to Francisco Estrada and his wife Inez Castro. Portions of the land given in this grant later developed into the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years later, in 1844, another land grant was provided to Lupe Yñigo, one of the few Native Americans to hold land grants. His land grant was first called Rancho Posolmi, named in honor of Posolmi village of the Ohlone that once stood in the area. Rancho Posolmi was later known as Rancho Ynigo.

Martin Murphy Jr. came to California with his father as part of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party in 1844. In 1850, Martin Murphy Jr. bought a piece of Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas for $12,500. Murphy established a wheat farm and ranch named Bay View. Murphy had the first wood frame house, which was shipped from New England, in Santa Clara County built. The house was demolished in 1961 but was reconstructed in 2008 as the Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum. When he died in 1884, his land was divided among his heirs.

In 1860, The San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road was allowed to lay tracks on Bay View and established Murphy Station. Lawrence Station was later established on the southern edge of Bay View.

In the 1870s, county property tax laws, imports and soil degradation caused wheat farming to become uneconomical in Santa Clara County. Small fruit orchards replaced the large wheat farms. In 1871, James and Eloise Dawson established the first fruit cannery in Santa Clara County. Fruit agriculture and canning soon became a major industry in the county. The invention of the refrigerated rail car further increased the viability of an economy based upon fruit. The fruit orchards become so prevalent that in 1886, the San Jose Board of Trade called Santa Clara County the "Garden of the World".

In the 1880s, Chinese workers made up 48 percent of the farm labor in Santa Clara County. This percentage reduced over time after the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed. In the following decade, the 1890s, multitudes of immigrants from Italy, the Azores, Portugal, and Japan arrived to work in the orchards.

In 1897, Walter Everett Crossman bought 200 acres (809,000 m²) and began selling real estate. He advertised the area as Beautiful Murphy. Later, in the 1900s, real estate developer Walter Crossman described it as "the City of Destiny". Also in 1897, Encina School opened as the first school in Murphy. Previously, children in the town had to travel to Mountain View for school.

In 1901, the residents of Murphy were informed they could not use the names Encinal or Murphy for their post office. They decided to use the name Sunnyvale for the name of their town.

Sunnyvale continued to grow and in 1904, dried fruit production began. Two years later, Libby, McNeill & Libby, a Chicago meat-packing company, decided to open its first fruit packing factory in Sunnyvale. Today, a water tower painted to resemble the first Libby's fruit cocktail can label identifies the former site of the factory.

Also in 1906, the Joshua Hendy Iron Works relocated from San Francisco to Sunnyvale after the company's building was destroyed by fire after the 1906 earthquake. The ironworks was the first non-agricultural industry in the town. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works switched from producing mining equipment to other products such as marine steam engines.

In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted to incorporate, and Sunnyvale became an official city.

Fremont High School first opened in 1923. It served as a military base before the school opened and through World War II. Planes flying to and from Moffett Field, which opened in 1933, commonly stopped here for fuel top-offs. A 1948 yearbook shows a military aircraft parked at one of the buildings as students watch nearby. Fremont High School has old military buildings on its campus including a Quonset hut installed after WWII, now used as a wrestling team facility.

In 1930, Congress decided to place the West Coast dirigible base in Sunnyvale. This naval airfield was later renamed Moffett Naval Air Station and then Moffett Federal Airfield and is commonly called Moffett Field.

In 1939, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, the forerunner of NASA) began research at Ames Laboratory.

The Sunnyvale city seal, circa 1965.

During World War II, the war economy began a change from the fruit industry to the high-tech industry in Santa Clara County. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works built marine steam engines, naval guns and rocket launchers to aid in the war effort. As the defense industry grew, a shortage of workers in the farm industry was created. Immigrants from Mexico came to Sunnyvale to fill this void of workers.

Following the war, the fruit orchards and sweetcorn farms were cleared to build homes, factories and offices. In 1956, the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed moved its headquarters to Sunnyvale. Since then, numerous high-tech companies have established offices and headquarters in Sunnyvale, including Advanced Micro Devices and Yahoo. The first prototype of Pong, one of the first arcade videogames, was installed in Sunnyvale in August 1972, in a bar named Andy Capp's Tavern,[5][6] now Rooster T. Feathers.[7] In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Sunnyvale's population as 94.6% white and 3.7% Asian.[8]

By 2002, the few remaining orchards were demolished and replaced with homes and shops. However, there are still city-owned orchards, such as the Heritage Orchard next to the Sunnyvale Community Center.

In 1979, an indoor mall called Sunnyvale Town Center opened in what used to be a traditional downtown shopping district. After years of successful operation, the mall started to decline in the 1990s. After numerous changes in plans and ownership, the mall was demolished in 2007, and a new downtown shopping district is being constructed in its place.[9]

Sunnyvale celebrated its one-hundredth anniversary, on August 25, 2012.

Geography[edit]

Sunnyvale is located at 37°22′7.56″N 122°2′13.4″W / 37.3687667°N 122.037056°W / 37.3687667; -122.037056.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.7 sq mi (58.8 km2), of which, 22.0 sq mi (56.9 km2) of it is land and 0.69 sq mi (1.8 km2) of it (3.09%) is water. The elevation is 130 feet above sea level.

Climate[edit]

Like most of the San Francisco Bay Area, Sunnyvale has a Mediterranean climate, with mild, moist winters and comfortably warm, very dry summers. Average daytime summer temperatures are in the high 70s, and during the winter, average daytime high temperatures rarely stay below 50 °F (10 °C). Snowfall is rare, but on January 21, 1962, and February 5, 1976, measurable snowfall occurred in Sunnyvale and most of the San Francisco Bay Area. Sunnyvale was briefly hit by tornados in 1998, but otherwise they are extremely rare.[11][12][13][14]

Climate data for Sunnyvale, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
84
(29)
85
(29)
94
(34)
100
(38)
107
(42)
105
(41)
101
(38)
105
(41)
100
(38)
89
(32)
75
(24)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 58
(14)
62
(17)
64
(18)
69
(21)
73
(23)
77
(25)
79
(26)
79
(26)
78
(26)
73
(23)
64
(18)
58
(14)
69.5
(20.9)
Average low °F (°C) 40
(4)
43
(6)
46
(8)
47
(8)
51
(11)
55
(13)
57
(14)
57
(14)
55
(13)
50
(10)
44
(7)
39
(4)
48.7
(9.3)
Record low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
24
(−4)
22
(−6)
31
(−1)
33
(1)
40
(4)
41
(5)
44
(7)
41
(5)
34
(1)
15
(−9)
20
(−7)
15
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.24
(82.3)
3.18
(80.8)
2.65
(67.3)
0.89
(22.6)
0.35
(8.9)
0.11
(2.8)
0.03
(0.8)
0.08
(2)
0.19
(4.8)
0.85
(21.6)
1.83
(46.5)
2.31
(58.7)
15.71
(399.1)
Source: National Weather Service[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,675
1930 3,094 84.7%
1940 4,373 41.3%
1950 9,829 124.8%
1960 52,898 438.2%
1970 95,976 81.4%
1980 106,618 11.1%
1990 117,229 10.0%
2000 131,760 12.4%
2010 140,081 6.3%
Est. 2012 146,197 [16] 4.4%
Standard marker at city entrances

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[17] reported that Sunnyvale had a population of 140,081. The population density was 6,173.9 people per square mile (2,383.8/km²). The racial makeup of Sunnyvale was 60,193 (43.0%) White, 2,735 (2.0%) African American, 662 (0.5%) Native American, 57,320 (40.9%) Asian, 638 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 12,177 (8.7%) from other races, and 6,356 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26,517 persons (18.9%). Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.5% of the population in 2010,[18] compared to 74.7% in 1980.[8]

The Census reported that 139,232 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 380 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 469 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 53,384 households, out of which 18,614 (34.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 28,583 (53.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,629 (8.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,341 (4.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,386 (4.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 357 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13,457 households (25.2%) were made up of individuals and 3,775 (7.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61. There were 35,553 families (66.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 31,435 people (22.4%) under the age of 18, 9,350 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 50,919 people (36.3%) aged 25 to 44, 32,721 people (23.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 15,656 people (11.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.

There were 55,791 housing units at an average density of 2,458.9 per square mile (949.4/km²), of which 25,623 (48.0%) were owner-occupied, and 27,761 (52.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%. 68,895 people (49.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 70,337 people (50.2%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[19] 2010
Total Population 140,081 - 100.0%
One Race 133,725 - 95.5%
Not Hispanic or Latino 113,564 - 81.1%
White alone 48,323 - 34.5%
Black or African American alone 2,533 - 1.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 292 - 0.2%
Asian alone 57,012 - 40.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 594 - 0.4%
Some other race alone 381 - 0.3%
Two or more races alone 4,429 - 3.2%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 26,517 - 18.9%

2000[edit]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 131,760 people, 52,539 households, and 32,679 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,006.5 people per square mile (2,318.7/km²). There are 53,753 housing units at an average density of 946.0 persons/km² (2,450.4 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city is 53.27% White, 32.27% Asian, 2.22% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 7.19% from other races, and 4.25% from two or more races. 15.48% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 52,539 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 41.3% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.

Under the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the city was $74,409, and the median income for a family was $81,634, but under the Census Bureau's 2008 estimates, these figures have risen to $88,297 and $105,492, respectively.[21]

Under the 2000 Census, males had a median income of $65,165 versus $43,051 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,524. About 3.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Yahoo! headquarters

8x8, Advanced Micro Devices, Applied Micro, Applied Signal Technology, Ariba, Aruba Networks, Blue Coat Systems, Dionex, Finisar, Fortinet, Infinera, Infortrend, Intuitive Surgical, Juniper Networks, Maxim Integrated Products, MIPS Technologies, NetApp, PLX Technology, Rambus, ShoreTel, Silicon Image, Spansion, TeleNav, Trimble Navigation, Yahoo!, and Zoran are among the companies based in Sunnyvale.[citation needed]

Largest employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[22] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Lockheed Martin Space Systems 7,034
2 Yahoo! 4,905
3 NetApp 2,785
4 Juniper Networks 2,200
5 West Valley Engineering 1,600
6 Maxim Integrated Products 1,263
7 Northrop Grumman Marine Systems 1,240
8 Palm 1,102
9 Applied Materials 1,035
10 Synopsys 917

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Sunnyvale is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 24th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Rich Gordon.

Federally, Sunnyvale is in California's 17th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Honda.[23]

As of December 31, 2013, Sunnyvale had 55,007 registered voters: 24,628 were Democrats, 11,012 Republicans, with the remaining 19,367 not belonging to either major party.[24] The mayor and vice-mayor of Sunnyvale are not directly elected. Instead they are selected from the city council members by the city council, serving two-year and one-year terms, respectively.

Neighborhoods[edit]

The City of Sunnyvale maintains a neighborhood association registry.

The southern half of Sunnyvale is predominantly residential, while most of the portion of Sunnyvale north of Highway 237 is zoned for industrial use.[25]

Within this southern half are several neighborhoods that account for a large number of Eichler homes throughout residential Sunnyvale. More specifically, there are 16 housing tracts containing over 1100 Eichler homes. [26]

The far eastern section of El Camino Real in Sunnyvale has a significant concentration of businesses owned by South Indian immigrants.[27]

There are many parks in the Sunnyvale Area. These include Las Palmas Park,[28] Ortega Park,[29] Washington Park[30] near downtown, two public golf courses,[31] and Baylands Park,[32] site of the annual Linux Picnic. Full Circle Farm [2], encompassing 11 acres, is the largest community-based urban farm in Silicon Valley, and is located in the Birdland neighborhood of Sunnyvale. Charles Street Gardens [3], Sunnyvale's oldest and largest community garden, is located adjacent to Sunnyvale's Public Library.

Downtown redevelopment[edit]

Main article: Sunnyvale Town Center

In November 2009, previously closed portions of the main streets in downtown Sunnyvale were reopened as part of the ongoing downtown redevelopment of the Sunnyvale Town Center mall, marking the first time in over three decades that those street blocks have been open to vehicle and pedestrian traffic. In December 2009, work was started to finish the exteriors of the residential buildings on McKinley Ave and Washington Ave, the two office towers on Mathilda and weatherize the remaining partially completed Redwood Square buildings until the project's resolution can be determined. The two office towers are now fully occupied by Apple and Nokia.

Mixed-use developments are under construction at the former Town and Country location north of the downtown proper. As of March 1, 2014, both of the Solstice/BRE buildings have opened to lease, and all restaurants across the street have opened. As of date, 5 business tenants have signed on to lease the Solstice/BRE retail/restaurant areas with more expected by the end of the year. Construction is yet to start on these businesses, and the housing units in actual downtown and steel skeletons of future buildings remain inactive.

Transportation[edit]

Route 82 at the intersection with Mathilda Avenue.

Sunnyvale is transected by several major roads and freeways:

A segment of State Route 82 runs through the center of the city, following the path of historic El Camino Real.

Public Transportation[edit]

Sunnyvale is served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (both light rail and buses) and the Caltrain commuter rail. Caltrain operates two stations in Sunnyvale, the Sunnyvale Station in the Heritage District downtown, and the Lawrence Station in east Sunnyvale north of the Ponderosa neighborhood.

Bicycle[edit]

Sunnyvale has also been listed by the League of American Bicyclists as a Bicycle Friendly Community at the bronze level,[citation needed] having multiple on-street and off-street bike lanes, bicycle-activated traffic signals, and bicycle accommodations on both VTA and Caltrain.

The Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee advises the city council on the continued development of the bicycle plan for the city.

Airports[edit]

For commercial passenger air travel, Sunnyvale is well served by three nearby international airports:

  • The closest, Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport (SJC) is a 9.5-mile drive from downtown Sunnyvale by car. It is also accessible by Caltrain, VTA light rail, and VTA bus (with both the Caltrain and Light Rail stations requiring transfer to a free shuttle bus to get to the airport terminal).
  • The next closest is San Francisco International Airport (SFO), which is 27.7 miles by car. SFO is also transit accessible via Caltrain and Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART).
  • The Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (OAK), which is 37.5 miles by car. Access to Oakland airport by public transit is possible via multiple transfers.

Crime[edit]

Sunnyvale has consistently ranked as one of the safest ten cities (for cities of similar size) in the United States according to the FBI's crime reports. From 1966 to at least 2004, Sunnyvale never placed below fifth in safety rankings among U.S. cities in its population class.[33] In 2005, Sunnyvale ranked as the 18th-safest city overall in the U.S., according to the Morgan Quitno Awards.[34] In 2009, Sunnyvale was ranked 7th in U.S. by Forbes Magazine in an analysis of America's safest cities.[35][36]

Folklore[edit]

A long standing legend of Sunnyvale is of a ghost that haunts the town's Toys 'R' Us store. A purported psychic, Sylvia Browne, claimed to have made contact with the ghost on the 1978 TV show That's Incredible! and named him Johnny Johnson. This story was also explored in a 1991 episode of Haunted Lives: True Ghost Stories. Furthermore, she stated that he had been a farm hand who worked in the orchard where the toy store now stands and that he bled to death from an accidental, self-inflicted axe injury to his leg.[37][38]

Notable people[edit]

Sunnyvale in popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City of Sunnyvale: City Council". sunnyvale.ca.gov. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "U.S. Census". Census.gov. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  4. ^ "Heritage Resources and Landmark Alteration Inventory". City of Sunnyvale Heritage Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  5. ^ "pong [coin-op] arcade video game, atari, inc. (1972)". Arcade-history.com. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  6. ^ Scott Cohen, Zap! The Rise and Fall of Atari, ISBN 0-07-011543-5 (McGraw-Hill, 1984)
  7. ^ "City of Sunnyvale Heritage Bicycle Tours". Google.com. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  8. ^ a b "California - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  9. ^ "History of Town Center Mall Development and Redevelopment". City of Sunnyvale, California. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Sunnyvale and Los Altos, CA Tornadoes, San Francisco State University, Department of Geosciences
  12. ^ Hit and Run: Freak tornado injures no one, but leaves behind costly damage,, The Sun (Sunnyvale's Newspaper), May 6, 1998
  13. ^ Monteverdi, John P.; Warren Blier, Greg Stumpf, Wilfred Pi and Karl Anderson (November 2001). "First WSR-88D Documentation of an Anticyclonic Supercell with Anticyclonic Tornadoes: The Sunnyvale–Los Altos, California, Tornadoes of 4 May 1998". AMS Journal (American Meteorological Society) 129 (11): 2805. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2805:FWDOAA>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  14. ^ Coile, Zachary; Emily Gurnon (1998-02-06). "Storm knocks out power to thousands in Bay Area; Marin commuters cut off by U.S. 101 closure". THE STORMS OF '98 (San Francisco Chronicle). Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  15. ^ "Vacation Planner". Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder - Results  PEPANNRSIP  Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 50,000, Ranked by July 1, 2012 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - United States -- Places Over 50,000 Population". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  17. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  18. ^ "Sunnyvale (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  19. ^ "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". Census.gov. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ Sunnyvale city, California: 2008 American Community Survey (U.S. Census Bureau)
  22. ^ "City of Sunnyvale CAFR". Sunnyvale.ca.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  23. ^ "California's 17th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Report of Registration as of December 31, 2013; Registration by Political Subdivision by County". Sos.ca.gov. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  25. ^ City of Sunnyvale Zoning Map, north of 101
  26. ^ http://www.siliconvalleyrealestate.com/sunnyvale-real-estate.php
  27. ^ A 'Little Madras' here too ..., The Hindu, Online edition of India's National Newspaper, May 2, 2004 (article about the South Indian business district along El Camino Real in Sunnyvale)
  28. ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Las Palmas Park
  29. ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Ortega Park
  30. ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Washington Park
  31. ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Sunnyvale Golf Courses
  32. ^ Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, Baylands Park
  33. ^ City of Sunnyvale News Release No. 11-08, November 22, 2004[dead link]
  34. ^ Morgan Quitno Awards, 11th Annual America's Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities (undated)
  35. ^ Forbes Magazine, America's Safest Cities
  36. ^ Per Forbes, Bay Area Indo American, America's Safest Cities
  37. ^ Haunted Toys 'R' Us, snopes.com, January 16, 2007, citing Gina Boubion, Ghost Lets Playful Side Show in Pranks at Haunted Toy Store, The Houston Chronicle, April 26, 1993, p. A2; and Dan Koeppel, Ghost Sightings Aren't Spooking Sales at Toys 'R' Us, Chicago Tribune, June 23, 1991, p. C8
  38. ^ Ghost Research Society, Toys 'R Us Ghost
  39. ^ "Teri Hatcher". Inside the Actors Studio.

External links[edit]