|West end:||SR 1 (Pacific Coast Highway) in Pacific Palisades|
| I‑405 (San Diego Freeway) in Brentwood
US 101 (Hollywood Freeway) in Hollywood
|East end:||Figueroa Street in Downtown Los Angeles|
Sunset Boulevard is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California that stretches from Figueroa Street in Downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in Pacific Palisades.
Approximately 22 miles (35 km) in length, the boulevard roughly mimics the arc of mountains that form part of the northern boundary of the Los Angeles Basin, following the path of a 1780s cattle trail from the Pueblo de Los Angeles to the ocean.
From Downtown Los Angeles, it heads northwest, to Hollywood, through which it travels due west for several miles before it bends southwest towards the ocean. It passes through or near Echo Park, Silver Lake, Los Feliz, Hollywood, West Hollywood, Beverly Hills, and Holmby Hills. In Bel-Air, Sunset Boulevard runs along the northern boundary of UCLA's Westwood campus. The boulevard continues through Brentwood to Pacific Palisades where it terminates at the Pacific Coast Highway intersection.
The boulevard is winding and treacherous in some areas. It is at least four lanes wide along its entire route. Sunset is frequently congested with traffic loads beyond its design capacity.
Sunset Boulevard historically extended farther east than it now does, starting at Alameda Street near Union Station and beside Olvera Street in the historic section of Downtown. The portion of Sunset Boulevard east of Figueroa Street was renamed Cesar Chavez Avenue in 1994 along with Macy Street and Brooklyn Avenue in honor of the late Mexican-American union leader and civil rights activist.
In 1877, one of the earlier real estate owners from "back East" Horace H. Wilcox, decided to subdivide his more than 20 acres of land (mostly orchards and vineyards) along Sunset Boulevard, including what is today Hollywood and Vine.
In 1921, a westward expansion of Sunset began, extending the road from the then-current terminus at Sullivan Canyon through Santa Monica to the coast. This land, a portion of the original 1838 holdings of Fransisco Marquez, stretched across a mesa and became known as the "Riviera section." Will Rogers, who had bought much of this land as an investment, later donated it to the State of California creating Will Rogers State Beach. Circa 1931, Sunset was a paved road from Horn Avenue to Havenhurst Avenue.
During the early 20th Century, Marchessault Street formed the northeastern edge of the Plaza and was open to motor traffic. Sunset Boulevard began as a westward continuation of Marchessault, directly across Main Street and skirting the northern edge of the Plaza Church property, then continuing approximately due East to the intersection of what was then Macy Street and Broadway. At some time around 1960, when several thoroughfares in the Civic Center and Plaza area were either obliterated or realigned, Macy Street between Main and Broadway was rededicated as the easternmost section of Sunset Boulevard, while the original first two blocks became part of a large parking lot that covers this area. Today the old route is still visible as the main entrance to this lot and the driveway that runs through it from that point.
In the 1970s the area between Gardner Street and Western Avenue was a center for street prostitution. Shortly after a well publicized June 1995 incident police raids drove out the majority of prostitutes on the Boulevard.
Part of Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood is also sometimes called "Guitar Row" due to the large number of guitar stores and music industry-related businesses, including the recording studios Sunset Sound Studios and United Western Recorders.
The portion of Sunset Boulevard that passes through Beverly Hills was once named Beverly Boulevard.
The boulevard is commemorated in Billy Wilder's 1950 film Sunset Boulevard, the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical of the same name, and the 1950s television series 77 Sunset Strip. Jan and Dean's 1960s hit song "Dead Man's Curve" refers to a section of the road near Bel Air estates just north of UCLA's Drake Stadium where Jan Berry almost died in an automobile accident in 1966. The Buffalo Springfield song "For What It's Worth" was written about a riot at Pandora's Box, a Sunset Strip club, in 1966.
Landmarks include (past and present)
- Amoeba Records
- Beverly Hills Hotel
- Blessed Sacrament Church
- Book Soup
- CBS Columbia Square
- Chateau Marmont
- Cinerama Dome
- Comedy Store
- Crossroads of the World
- Directors Guild of America headquarters
- Dudley Do-Right Emporium
- Earl Carroll Theatre
- The Garden of Allah
- Gower Gulch
- Hollywood Athletic Club
- Hollywood High School
- Hollywood Palladium
- Hotel Bel-Air
- House of Blues
- Hyatt West Hollywood
- The London Fog
- Los Angeles Film School
- Metromedia Square (the former Fox Television Center and KTTV studios)
- Nickelodeon on Sunset
- Palisades Charter High School
- Psychiatry: An Industry of Death Museum
- Rainbow Bar and Grill
- Rock Walk
- The Roxy Theatre
- Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine
- Standard Hotel
- Sunset Junction
- Sunset Gower Studios
- Tiffany Theatre
- Tiki Ti
- Viper Room
- Whisky a Go Go
- Will Rogers State Beach
- Will Rogers State Historic Park
- Bruce Feiler (21 September 2010). America's Prophet: How the Story of Moses Shaped America. HarperCollins. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-06-172627-9. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Christopher Hawthorne (July 14, 2012). "For Sunset, a new dawn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 69.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 165.
- McGroarty, John Steven, Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea: With Selected Biography of Actors and Witnesses to the Period of Growth and Achievement, Volume 3, American Historical Society, 1921, p. 891
- Kennelley 1981, p. 219-221.
- Kennelley 1981, p. 182.
- Citation needed. The facts can be easily inferred from historical aerials and maps, easily accessible online, but I do not know how to format the citation.
- Kevin Starr (14 February 2006). Coast of Dreams. Random House. p. 455. ISBN 978-0-679-74072-8. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Melissa Hope Ditmore (30 August 2006). Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-313-32968-5. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Frank W. M. Green (5 March 2008). D'Angelico, Master Guitar Builder: What's in a Name?. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-57424-217-1. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Matt Warshaw (1 September 2010). The History of Surfing. Chronicle Books. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8118-5600-3. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Cecilia Rasmussen (August 5, 2007). "Closing of club ignited the 'Sunset Strip riots'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
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