Sunthorn Phu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Phra Sunthorn Vohara, known as Sunthorn Phu, (26 June 1786 – 1855) is Thailand’s best-known[citation needed] royal poet. He authored during the Rattanakosin era.

Phu's career as a royal poet began in the reign of King Rama II, and when the king died, he resigned from the role and became a monk. Twenty years later, in the reign of King Rama III, he returned to court as a royal scribe, where he remained for the rest of his life.

Phu was especially renowned for composing verse, and his conventions in epic poetry are popular in Thailand to the present day. His canonical works include Nirat Phukaothong (a collection of poems depicting his journey to the Golden Mountain), Nirat Suphan (depicting his journey to Suphanburi Province), and the Phra Aphai Mani saga.


Memorial in Wat Sri Sudaram, Bangkok...

Sunthorn Phu was born in the reign of King Rama I, on June 26, 1786. His family's house was located behind the royal palace, near the location of present day Bangkok Noi train station. His father was from Klaeng District in Rayong province.

At the time the poet was born, Bangkok had been established as the Thai capital just four years earlier, founding the Rattanakosin era which continues to the present day.

His father and mother divorced, with his father becoming a monk at Bangrum temple; and his mother becoming a wet nurse for the Royal family. Phu had an opportunity to work in the palace with his mother, where he eventually fell in love with a lady in the palace named Jun, who was related to the Royal family. The couple were arrested and punished because their relationship violated the traditional social order, but they were pardoned on the king's death.

Phu later returned to Rayong to visit his father, and wrote a poem about the journey called “Nirat Muang Grang" which became one of his most famous poems. He wrote the poem for his fiancé, Jun. After he returned to the palace in Bangkok he married Jun, and they had a son named Pat. It was at this time that King Rama II appointed him court poet. However, the couple were not married long, divorcing after Phu had an affair with another woman. This was the first of many marriages ending in divorce, although he later professed that the wife he had loved the most was Jun. Phu became an alcoholic, and, around 1821, was jailed after a fight.

He began the epic poem, Phra Aphai Mani in prison, and published it in installments over the next twenty years. The epic tale follows the title character, Prince Aphai Mani, a Byronic hero, in his romantic adventures throughout ancient Thailand.

King Rama II was so pleased with Phu's poetry that he awarded him the title of "Khun". During the reign of King Rama III, however, Phu made the grave mistake of publicly correcting one of the king's poems, and was stripped of his title as punishment. After this disgrace, he initially entered the Buddhist priesthood, but later became a merchant.

King Rama IV's daughter read his unfinished work Phra Aphai Mani, and asked the poet to complete it. King Rama IV appointed Phu as Director of Royal Scribes, and awarded him the title of "Phra". He spent the rest of his life at peace until he died in 1855.


The beautiful phrase the old mountain commonly known that Sunthornphu. (. Jun. 26. Census 2329. -. 2398. ) are poet famous in Thailand. Has been praised for Shakespeare in Thailand. [1]. born after set Rattanakosin has four years and has served as a court poet in the reign. Majesty King Rama II., at the end of his reign have been ordained for 20 years. before going back into service again in the late reign. Suban King is head by a scribe in Prince Jutamanee. Krom Khun Isra Prof. Ray creation. during the reign of the fourth was promoted. The beautiful phrasing. Director of the palace scribe predominant. A government position before he died. Sunthornphu a poet who has expertise in the verse. Has created a tradition of composing poetry, storytelling, and poetry. needless. newly become widely popular until the sequel. The famous Sunthornphu are numerous. Like needless Mountain. needless gold ballads dedicated to preaching the epic Chai sun and the forgiveness of Manipur. etc. Particular subject forgiveness paragon received praise from literary club that was top of the verse tale literature., A work that represents the skills, knowledge and attitudes of Sunthornphu at most. Several pieces of prose Sunthornphu was chosen as part of the curriculum, teaching from the past to the present. Such as the epic Chai sun needless King., and many other subjects. Year 2529. Celebrating 200 years with Sunthornphu Chartres was regarded by the organization UNESCO is the key to the world's literature. Portfolio Sunthornphu also popular in Thailand continued uninterrupted ever since. And is adapted to various media, such as comic books, movies, music and drama are building monuments, beautiful mountain in the district all along Klang district. Province Rayong Sunthornphu birthplace of his father. And is the origin of the work is transmitted first. convention city persecute There are also other monuments such as the Temple Srisudaram. Phetchaburi province. And Nakhon Pathom. Soonthornphu birthday is June 26 of each year. Considered. days Sunthornphu., which is important in the literature of Thailand. The Fame event honoring and promoting the art of poetry from various organizations in general.


Phu left behind a legacy of poems that have become famous over time because of their description of Thai history. In 1986, the 200th anniversary of his birth, Phu was honored by UNESCO as a great world poet.[citation needed] His Phra Aphai Mani poems describe a fantastical world, where people of all races and religions live and interact together in harmony.

Recently, his literary works have been adapted in various media such as comics, films and songs. Thai cinema's first and only cel-animated cartoon feature film, The Adventure of Sudsakorn (1979), was based on a character from Phra Aphai Mani. It was directed by Payut Ngaokrachang. A live-action version of the tale was made in 2006, titled Legend of Sudsakorn.

A statue of Phu was erected in Klaeng District, Rayong Province, the birthplace of his father. His birthday, June 26, is celebrated in Thailand as Sunthorn Phu day.

Monuments of two characters from his epic work, Phra Aphai Mani have been erected on Ko Samet's Hat Sai Kaeo beach—the title character (Prince Aphai Mani) and the siren/mermaid character.

External links[edit]