Super Mario Bros. 3
|Super Mario Bros. 3|
The cover art depicts Mario, the main protagonist, flying with the ears and tail of a Japanese raccoon dog, obtained from the new "Super Leaf" item.
Super Mario Bros. 3 (Japanese: スーパーマリオブラザーズ3 Hepburn: Sūpā Mario Burazāzu Surī?) is a 1988 platform video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) video game console. It is the fourth overall installment in the Super Mario Bros. series. It was first released in Japan on October 23, 1988 and later in North America on February 12, 1990. The game was developed by Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development, led by Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka. Enhanced remakes were later released on the Super NES in 1993 and the Game Boy Advance in 2003. The game has been re-released as a Virtual Console title for the Wii, Nintendo 3DS, and Wii U consoles.
Super Mario Bros. 3 centers on plumbers Mario and Luigi who embark on a quest to save Princess Toadstool and the rulers of seven different kingdoms from the antagonist Bowser and his children, the Koopalings. The player, as Mario or Luigi, is able to defeat enemies by stomping them or using items that bestow magical powers. Mario and Luigi are given a wider range of abilities than in previous Super Mario games, including flying or sliding down slopes. In addition, Super Mario Bros. 3 introduces numerous elements, such as new enemy characters and the use of a world map to transition between levels, that have reappeared in or have influenced subsequent Mario games.
Super Mario Bros. 3 is acclaimed by many critics as one of the greatest video games of all time. It was a commercial success upon release, which was partly influenced by its promotion in the 1989 film The Wizard. Super Mario Bros. 3 is the third-best selling NES game, having sold 18 million copies worldwide. The popularity of the game also inspired a short-lived animated television series.
Super Mario Bros. 3 is a two-dimensional, side-scrolling platform game in which the player controls the on-screen protagonist: either Mario or Luigi. The game shares similar gameplay mechanics with previous titles in the series—Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels, and Super Mario Bros. 2—but introduces several new elements. In addition to the running and jumping moves found in past games, the player can slide down slopes, pick up and throw special blocks, and freely climb up and down vines. In addition, with power-ups, Mario can fly and float. Each kingdom serves as a game world that is divided into levels, and an eighth region is included as the final world, Dark Land. The eight worlds feature distinct visual themes; for example, the second world, "Desert Land", contains sand-covered levels with pyramids, while the levels in the fourth world, "Giant Land", are populated with obstacles and enemies twice as tall and twice as wide as those in the other worlds.
The player navigates through the game via two game screens: an overworld map and a level play-field. The overworld map displays an overhead representation of the current world and has several paths leading from the world's entrance to a castle. Paths connect to action panels, fortresses and other map icons, and allow players to take different routes to reach the world's goal. Moving the on-screen character to an action panel or fortress will allow access to that level's playfield, a linear stage populated with obstacles and enemies. The majority of the game takes place in these levels, with the player traversing the stage by running, jumping, flying, swimming, and dodging or defeating enemies.
Completing stages allows the player to progress through the overworld map and to succeeding worlds. Each world features a final stage with a boss to defeat; the first seven worlds feature an airship controlled by one of the Koopalings, while the player battles Bowser in his castle in the eighth world. Other map icons include large boulders and locked doors that impede paths, and several mini-games that provide the player a chance to obtain special power-ups. A new feature is the player's option to save power-up items obtained in mini-games for later use via a menu accessible at the overworld screen.
In addition to special items from previous games like the "Super Mushroom" and the "Fire Flower", new power-ups are introduced that provide the player with new options. The "Super Leaf" and "Tanooki Suit" give Mario raccoon and tanuki appearances respectively and allow him to fly or turn into stone to avoid enemies for a short period of time. Changing into a Tanooki statue while jumping results in Mario pounding the ground and killing whatever enemies are directly under him; this marks the first appearance of the "ground pound" move in a Mario game, a move that was later given to Yoshi in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and that later became part of Mario's standard move set in Super Mario 64 and subsequent games. Other suits include the "Frog Suit", which increases the character's underwater speed and agility and improves jumping height on land, and the "Hammer Suit", which gives Mario the appearance of the Hammer Bro. enemy and allows him to throw hammers at enemies and resist fire attacks.
Super Mario Bros. 3 includes a multiplayer option which allows two players to cooperatively play the game by taking turns at navigating the overworld map and accessing stage levels; the first player controls Mario, while the other controls Luigi. Through this mode, players can also access several mini-games, including a remake of the original Mario Bros. arcade game, in which one player has the opportunity to steal the cards of another but may lose their turn if they lose the mini-game.
Plot and characters
The plot of Super Mario Bros. 3 is described in the instruction booklet. The Mushroom World, the setting of the game, is invaded by the Koopalings, Bowser's seven children. The Koopalings conquer each of the seven kingdoms by stealing its king's magical wand and using it to transform him into an animal. Princess Toadstool sends Mario and Luigi to travel to each kingdom, retrieve the stolen wand, and restore its king to normal.
During the course of the game, the Princess sends notes and special items to Mario and Luigi, as they restore the kings of each kingdom. When the brothers rescue the seventh king, the letter they receive reveals that Bowser has kidnapped Toadstool and is holding her captive in the castle of his own kingdom, Dark Land. The brothers travel through Dark Land, enter his castle, and defeat Bowser in a battle. The game ends with Toadstool being freed from the castle.
Super Mario Bros. 3 was developed by Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development, a team that consisted of over ten people, and took more than two years to complete. Developer Shigeru Miyamoto served as director. He worked closely with the designers and programmers during the conceptual and final stages, encouraging a free interchange of ideas. Miyamoto considered intriguing and original ideas to be key to creating a successful game.
The game was designed to appeal to players of varying skill levels. To assist less skilled players, bonus coins and 1-ups are more abundant in earlier worlds, while later worlds present more complex challenges for more experienced players. In the two-player mode, the players alternate turns to balance play time. The development team introduced new power-ups and concepts that would give Mario the appearance of different creatures as a means of providing him with new abilities. An early idea changed Mario into a centaur, but was dropped in favor of a raccoon tail that allows limited flying ability. Other costumes with different abilities were added to his repertoire, and levels were designed to take advantage of these abilities. New enemies were included to add diversity to the game, along with variants of previous enemies, such as Goombas, Hammer Bros., and Koopa Troopas.
Some of the enemies designed for Super Mario Bros. 3 were inspired by the team's personal experiences. For example, Miyamoto stated that the Chain Chomp enemy, a tethered ball and chain creature that lunges at the player when in close proximity, was based on a "bad [childhood] experience" he had with a dog. Bowser's children, the Koopalings, were designed to be unique in appearance and personality; Miyamoto based the characters on seven of his programmers as a tribute to their work and efforts. Nintendo of America named the Koopalings after well-known musicians; for example the characters "Ludwig von Koopa" and "Roy Koopa" are named after Ludwig van Beethoven and Roy Orbison respectively.
The character graphics were created with a special graphics machine ("Character Generator Computer Aided Design") that generated a collection of all the graphical shapes used in the game. Shapes in the collection were assigned numbers that the game's code uses to access, and are combined to form complete images on the screen in real time. The Super Mario Bros. 3 cartridge uses Nintendo's custom MMC3 (memory management controller) ASIC to enhance the NES capabilities. The MMC3 chip allows for animated tiles, extra RAM for diagonal scrolling, and a scanline timer to split the screen. The game uses these functions to split the game screen into two portions, a playfield on the top and a status bar on the bottom, allowing the top portion to scroll as the character navigates the stage while the bottom portion remains static to display text and other information.
During 1988, a shortage of ROM chips, along with Nintendo of America's preparation of a version of Super Mario Bros. 2 for Western gamers, prevented Nintendo from performing various North American game releases according to their original schedules. The delayed products included Super Mario Bros. 3 and, according to Nintendo Power, Zelda II: The Adventure of Link. The delay, however, presented Nintendo with an opportunity to promote the game in a feature film. In 1989, Tom Pollack of Universal Studios approached Nintendo of America's marketing department about a video game movie; inspired by Nintendo video game competitions, Pollack envisioned a video game version of Tommy for younger audiences. Nintendo licensed its products for inclusion in what would become the film The Wizard. During the movie's production, the filmmakers requested and were granted approval from Nintendo regarding the script and portrayal of the company's games. Super Mario Bros. 3 was one of the products shown in the film, and was used in a final scene involving a video game competition. The film was released in December 1989, between the Japanese and English versions of the game.
Upon release, the game was lauded by the video game press. It was widely considered to be one of the best games released for the NES and even of all time. Computer and Video Games editors Paul Rand, Tim Boone and Frank O'Connor awarded the game a 98, praising it for its gameplay, replayability, sound and graphics. Boone commented that the game is nearly flawless in its utterly "stupendous incredibility and absolutely impossible to put down for anything less than a fire alarm - and even then you find yourself weighting down the odds." Rand called Super Mario Bros. 3 the best video game ever, labeling it "the Mona Lisa of gaming" and stating that it is "astoundingly brilliant in every way, shape and form." O'Connor stated that the game "makes Sonic the Hedgehog look like a wet Sunday morning and even gives the [Super] Famicom's Mario 4 a run for its money."
Julian Rignall of Mean Machines referred to Super Mario Bros. 3 as the "finest video game" he had ever played, citing its addictiveness, depth, and challenge. A second Mean Machines reviewer, Matt Regan, anticipated the game would be a top-selling title in the United Kingdom, and echoed Rignall's praise calling it a "truly brilliant game". Regan further stated that the game offered elements which tested the player's "brains and reflexes", and that though the graphics were simple, they were "incredibly varied". In a preview of the game, Nintendo Power gave it high marks in graphics, audio, challenge, gameplay, and enjoyability.
Super Mario Bros. 3 has received universal acclaim from modern critics who also considered the title to be one of the best games of all time. Edge magazine considered Super Mario Bros. 3 Nintendo's standout title of 1989, and commented that its success outshone the first Super Mario Bros. 's sales milestone; the first title sold 40 million copies, but was bundled with the NES. They lauded the overworld map as an elegant alternative to a menu to select levels. Allgame's Skyler Miller praised the game's level design, graphics, music, and nonlinearity. Dengeki referred to the game as a popular title and expressed excitement over its rerelease on the Game Boy Advance system. The items hidden in the game's levels, such as the warp whistles, were well-received: Rignall regarded them as part of the game's addictiveness; and Sheff stated that finding them provided a sense of satisfaction. Both Screw Attack and GamesRadar ranked it the best NES game ever made. GamesRadar claimed that while Super Mario Bros. defined its genre, Super Mario Bros. 3 perfected it.
Criticism focused on particular aspects of the game. Miller considered the inability to save progress a drawback, since gamers will have to play the entire game in one sitting if they wish to complete it. Rignall described the audio and visuals as being outdated in comparison to games on the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo Entertainment System systems. The game's difficulty was also criticized by some critics.
Super Mario Bros. 3 was a commercial success and became one of the video game industry's best-selling games. Its inclusion in The Wizard served as a preview and generated a high level of anticipation in the United States prior to its release. Levi Buchanan of IGN considered Super Mario Bros. 3 's appearance in the film as a show-stealing element, and referred to the movie as a "90-minute commercial" for the game. By 1993, the game had sold 4 and 7 million units in Japan and the United States respectively. In the United States alone, the game generated over US$500 million in revenue for Nintendo. Author David Sheff commented that, in music industry terms, the game went platinum 11 times. In 2008, Guinness World Records listed the game as the best-selling video game to be sold separately from a system, and reported worldwide sales of over 18 million copies, including the ports. Game Informer reported in their October 2009 issue that the Virtual Console version had sold one million copies. As of 2011, Super Mario Bros. 3 remains the highest-grossing non-bundled home video game to date, having grossed $1.7 billion, adjusted for inflation.
Super Mario Bros. 3 introduced several elements which were carried over to subsequent Mario titles. A similar overworld map is used in Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros., and Mario's ability to fly has been a feature in such games as Super Mario World, Super Mario 64 and Super Mario Galaxy. The game's 'Super Leaf' item has returned in more recent Mario titles for the Nintendo 3DS, like Super Mario 3D Land, Mario Kart 7 and New Super Mario Bros. 2. Bowser's red hair was first popularized in the game, and has since become a part of his standard appearance.
Through a collaboration between NBC and Nintendo of America, an animated television series titled The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 was created in 1990 by DIC Entertainment. The show aired weekly and featured numerous characters, enemies, and settings from the video game; the original seven Koopalings are given different names based on their given personalities and are also given a new age order. Other Nintendo products have included various elements from the game as well. Music from Super Mario Bros. 3 appears as a track on Nintendo Sound Selection Koopa, a collection of songs from Nintendo games. The game's stages and graphics comprise a background theme in the 2006 Nintendo DS game Tetris DS. The Koopalings are also world bosses in Super Mario World, Mario is Missing!, Yoshi's Safari, Hotel Mario and all New Super Mario Bros. games except New Super Mario Bros. Boom Boom, another boss from this game, additionally reappears in Super Mario 3D Land and Super Mario 3D World, alongside a boomerang-wielding female counterpart named Pom Pom.
Super Mario Bros. 3 has appeared on numerous top video game lists. The game debuted on Nintendo Power 's Top 30 best games ever list at number 20 in September 1989. It entered the list's top 10 a few months later and reached number one in May 1990. Super Mario Bros. 3 remained within the top 20 for more than five years. More than a decade later, the magazine ranked the game number six on their list of 200 Greatest Nintendo Games. In August 2008, Nintendo Power listed Super Mario Bros. 3 as the second best Nintendo Entertainment System video game, praising it for making the series more complex and introducing new abilities that have since become signature abilities in the series. The game placed 11th, behind Super Mario Bros., in Official Nintendo Magazine 's "100 greatest Nintendo games of all time". In 2007, ScrewAttack called Super Mario Bros. 3 the best Mario game in the series as well as the best game on the NES, citing the graphics, power-ups, secrets, and popularity, summing it up as "just incredible" and stating, "If you haven't experienced this greatness, we pity you". In a poll conducted by Dengeki, the game tied with Super Mario World as the number three video game their readers first played.
The game has been ranked on several of IGN's lists of "top games". In 2005, they rated it 23rd among their Top 100 Games, and praised the precise and intuitive controls. IGN editors from the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia ranked Super Mario Bros. 3 number 39 in their 2007 Top 100 Games, citing Miyamoto's "ingenious" designs. They further commented that the game improved on the "already-brilliant concepts" of the previous titles with new power-ups and enemies. Users and readers of the website placed the game high on similar lists: 32nd in 2005 and 21st in 2006. In 2007, the game was included in the "game canon", a list of the ten most important video games selected for preservation by the Library of Congress. In 2009, Game Informer put Super Mario Bros. 3 9th on their list of "The Top 200 Games of All Time", saying that it is "a game with incredible lasting power that we won't soon forget". This is down one place from Game Informer 's previous ranking in 2001. Edge ranked the game #20 on its list of "The 100 Best Games To Play Today", calling it "the one 8-bit game that still shines today, no caveats required." UGO listed Super Mario Bros. 3 on their list of the "Top 50 Games That Belong On the 3DS", calling it "Arguably the greatest Mario game ever made." GameSpot placed the game in their list of the greatest games of all time. WatchMojo.com listed Super Mario Bros. 3 at #1 on "Top 10 Video Games of the 3rd Generation", saying that it is "the epitome of the perfect NES game and another game worthy of our all time list."
Super Mario Bros. 3 is well known for spawning the Commander Keen series of side-scrolling platform games, which launched Id Software. During their period of employment at Softdisk in the early 1990s, video game developers John Carmack and Tom Hall secretly developed the adaptive tile refresh technology that would perform smooth, side-scrolling graphics on EGA cards for IBM clone personal computers. They used their spare time late at night to develop a clone of the first level of Super Mario Bros. 3, using the hero in Softdisk's Dangerous Dave, calling the prototype Dangerous Dave in Copyright Infringement. When John Romero saw their work in action, he and the project chief at Softdisk Jay Wilbur suggested that they finish the PC clone of Super Mario Bros. 3. This demo was later presented to Nintendo, who denied to allow their games on PCs, because they "were only made exclusively for their Nintendo consoles". As a result, the first Mario-style, side-scrolling episode of Commander Keen was made on Softdisk's computers at odd hours. Shortly afterwards, Softdisk suggested that the team form its own company, which became Id Software on February 1, 1991.
The game has been ported or remade on several other Nintendo consoles. It was included in the 1993 Super Nintendo game Super Mario All-Stars, a compilation of remakes of NES Super Mario games featuring updated graphics and sound, which was also later released on the Wii in 2010. A Game Boy Advance version, Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3, was released in 2003. This version features support for the Nintendo e-Reader peripheral, which allows the player to access additional levels stored on e-Reader cards, in addition to updated graphics and sound.
Super Mario Bros. 3 was re-released as a downloadable Virtual Console title in 2007 for the Wii and in 2014 for both the Nintendo 3DS and Wii U consoles. These versions support multiple console-specific controllers, such as the Wii Remote or the Wii U GamePad, and allow players to save progress with the use of save states.
- "Wii U Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3". IGN. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3 International Releases". Giant Bomb. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Provo, Frank (December 19, 2007). "Super Mario Bros. 3 Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Schreier, Jason (April 17, 2014). "Super Mario Bros. 3 Finally Comes To Wii U And 3DS Today". Kotaku. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "IGN Top 100 Games 2007: 39 Super Mario Bros. 3". IGN. 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Nintendo Power Staff (September–October 1989). "Nintendo Power Top 30". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (8): 82.
- "Top Ten NES Games". ScrewAttack. GameTrailers. October 16, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- "Mario's Basic Moves". Nintendo Power: Strategy Guide (Nintendo) SG1 (13): 4. 1990.
- Super Mario Bros. 3 Instruction Booklet. Nintendo of America. February 12, 1990. pp. 30–34.
- Mean Machine Staff (October 1991). "Nintendo Review: Super Mario Bros. 3". Mean Machines (EMAP) (13): 56–59.
- Nintendo Power Staff (January–February 1990). "Previews: Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (10): 56–59.
- Miller, Skyler. "Super Mario Bros. 3 - Overview". Allgame. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- "Ground Pound - Super Mario World 3D". IGN. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- "How To Play The 2 Player Game". Super Mario Bros. 3 Instruction Booklet. Nintendo of America. February 12, 1990.
- Super Mario Bros. 3 manual. USA: Nintendo. 1990. p. 5.
- Nintendo (February 12, 1990). "Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo Entertainment System. Nintendo. Level/area: World 7 castle.
Bowser: Yo! I kidnapped the princess while you were running around. She's here in my castle, if you dare to try and rescue her. Ha ha ha...
- "Super Mario Bros. 3 Review". FlyingOmelette. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
- Nintendo Power Staff (January–February 1990). "The Making of Super Mario Bros. 3". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (10): 20–23.
- McLaughlin, Rus (November 8, 2007). "The History of the Super Mario Bros.". IGN. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- "Nintendo Feature: 10 Amazing Mario Facts". Official Nintendo Magazine. 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Nintendo Power Staff (January 1991). "Why Your Game Paks Never Forget". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (20): 28–31.
- Sheff, David (1993). "Game Masters". Game Over: How Nintendo Zapped an American Industry, Captured Your Dollars, and Enslaved Your Children. Random House. p. 222. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
- Sheff, David (1993). "The Grinch Who Stole Christmas". Game Over: How Nintendo Zapped an American Industry, Captured Your Dollars, and Enslaved Your Children. Random House. pp. 190–191. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
- McFerran, Damien (April 2008). "The Making of The Wizard". Retro Gamer (Imagine Publishing) (49): 84–87.
- Matti, Michele (November–December 1989). "NES Journal: The Wizard". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (9): 90.
- "Super Mario Bros. 3 reviews on GameRankings". GameRankings. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Miller, Skyler. "Super Mario Bros 3 – Overview". Allgame. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- Rand, Paul (November 1991). "Computer and Video Games Magazine, issue 120". Computer and Video Games. p. 23. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Provo, Frank. "Super Mario Bros 3 Review". GameSpot. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- Thomas, Lucas M. (November 12, 2007). "Super Mario Bros. 3 Review". IGN. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Edge Staff (July 2007). "Who Dares Wins". Edge (Future Publishing) (177): 63–65.
- Edge Staff (September 2008). "Return to Main Menu". Edge (Future Publishing) (192): 71–72.
- 任天堂が新作ソフトを一挙公開！注目のラインナップをまとめてお届け!! (in Japanese). Dengeki. May 14, 2005. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Sheff, David (1993). "I, Mario". Game Over: How Nintendo Zapped an American Industry, Captured Your Dollars, and Enslaved Your Children (1st ed.). Random House. p. 53. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
- "Best NES Games of all time". GamesRadar. April 16, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Roush, George (June 18, 2008). "Watching The Wizard". IGN. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Buchanan, Levi (June 18, 2008). "The 90-Minute Super Mario Bros. 3 Commercial". IGN. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Sheff, David (1993). "A New Leader of the Club". Game Over: How Nintendo Zapped an American Industry, Captured Your Dollars, and Enslaved Your Children (1st ed.). Random House. pp. 3–5. ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
- Craig Glenday, ed. (2008). Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008. Guinness World Records. section coauthored by Oli Welsh. Guinness World Records Limited. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-904994-20-6.
- The Game Informer staff (December 2009). "The Top 200 Games of All Time". Game Informer (200): 44–79. ISSN 1067-6392. OCLC 27315596.
- Morris, Chris (March 24, 2011). "Call of Duty, Guitar Hero Top All-Time Best Selling List". CNBC. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- East, Tom. "100 Best Nintendo Games - Part Five". Official Nintendo Magazine. Future plc. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- Official Super Mario 64 Player's Guide. Nintendo. 1996.
- Harris, Craig (May 6, 2006). "New Super Mario Bros. Review". IGN. Retrieved February 3, 2009.
- Nintendo Power Staff (September–October 1990). "On the Air: SMB3". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (16): 89.
- "「クラブニンテンドー」の交換アイテムに"元気が出る"音楽CD「クッパ」が登場！" (in Japanese). Dengeki. December 16, 2004. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- 石田, 賀津男 (August 6, 2008). "任天堂、マリオなどが登場する定番パズルゲームDS「テトリスDS」" (in Japanese). Impress Watch. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Thomas, Lucas M. "IGN: E3 2009: Return of the Koopalings?". IGN. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- "New Super Mario Bros. Wii Stage Demo" (FLASH). GameSpot. June 4, 2009. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- "Boom Boom & Pom Pom". IGN. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
- Nintendo Power Staff (March–April 1990). "Nintendo Power Top 30". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (11): 40–41.
- Nintendo Power Staff (May–June 1990). "Nintendo Power Top 30". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (12): 42–43.
- Nintendo Power Staff (January 1995). "Power Charts". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (68): 101.
- "NP Top 200". Nintendo Power (Nintendo) (200): 58–66. February 2006.
- "Nintendo Power - The 20th Anniversary Issue!" (MAGAZINE). Nintendo Power 231 (231). San Francisco, California: Future US. August 2008. p. 71.
- "Top Ten Mario Games". ScrewAttack. GameTrailers. July 24, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- 【アンケート結果発表】初めてプレイしたゲームソフトはなんですか？ (in Japanese). Dengeki. July 9, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games: 21–30". IGN. 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- "Top 99 Games of All Time: Reader's Pick". IGN. 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- "Readers' Picks Top 100 Games: 21-30". IGN. 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Chaplin, Heather (March 12, 2007). "Is That Just Some Game? No, It’s a Cultural Artifact". New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- Cork, Jeff (November 16, 2009). "Game Informer's Top 100 Games of All Time (Circa Issue 100)". Game Informer. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Edge Staff (March 9, 2009). "The 100 Best Games To Play Today". Edge Online. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Sal Basile (July 6, 2010). "The Top 50 Games That Belong On the 3DS - UGO.com". UGO. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Davis, Ryan. "The Greatest Games of All Time". GameSpot. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
- "Top 10 Video Games of the 3rd Generation". August 27, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "Top 10 Video Games of the 3rd Generation". August 27, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "Dangerous Dave in Copyright Infringement on John Romero's Site". John Romero. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "A Look Back at Commander Keen". October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Super Mario All-Stars for SNES: Release Summary". GameSpot. Archived from the original on May 14, 2009. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- Yeung, Karlie (October 28, 2010). "Super Mario All-Stars Wii Coming to North America". Nintendo World Report. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- Davis, Ryan (October 17, 2003). "Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 Review". GameSpot. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- Super Mario Bros. 3 (Virtual Console version) at Nintendo's website
- Super Mario Bros. 3 guide at StrategyWiki
- Super Mario Bros. 3 at NinDB
- Super Mario Bros. 3 at The Mushroom Kingdom: Super Mario Bros. downloads and information
- Super Mario Bros. 3 at Mobygames - The Authoritative Video Game Database
- The Making of Super Mario Bros. 3 at Super Luigi Bros - Home of the Marioverse