Superfast/Mail Trains in India

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Shatabdi Superfast Express LHB coaches at Mysore Station
No.12695 Chennai-Trivandrum SF arriving at Platform No.1 in Kollam Junction Railway Station
LHB Coaches of Rajdhani Superfast Express

Superfast Mail/Express trains are Express rail services of the Indian railways with Superfast charges levied over Mail/Express charges. Superfast trains make few stops, unlike Mail/Express trains, and hence cover the same distance in a marginally lower time span. Currently 450 pairs of Superfast trains run on the Indian Railways. The 12155/12156 Habibganj(Bhopal) - Hazrat Nizamuddin(Delhi) Shan - E - Bhopal Express is the fastest non-shatabdi, non-rajdhani Mail/Express train in India.

In some cases, trains run Superfast where there is an overlapping Mail/Express Train service available, and run regular Mail/Express trains where there is no supplementary Mail/Express service.

Trains with an average speed, excluding halts, equalling or exceeding 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph) on both up and down journeys fall into the Superfast Category and are numbered with a prefix of 12 (previously 2). Including halts (both revenue and scheduled technical halts) the average speed often is below 55km/h.

The average speed required for a train to be denominated "Superfast" was 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph) until the early 1990s, when it was reduced to 55 km/h. Increased stoppages, for political reasons, have also led to a significant reduction in average speed on many popular trains, despite improvements in track and haulage.

Types[edit]

Regular Superfast[edit]

Garibrath Express is a Superfast Train
Deccan Queen Superfast Express at Pune
Coromandal Express halted at Kharagpur Junction
Janmabhoomi Superfast Express at Secunderabad
GT Superfast Express near New Delhi
Goutami Superfast Express at Moulali, Andhra Pradesh

These Superfast trains have been Superfast since their inauguration and have not deteriorated till now. These Superfast services maintain an average speed throughout their route and often have the best Rake/Loco Combination. Some are as follows:

  1. The GrandTrunk(GT) Express[Chennai Central]-[New Delhi][New Delhi]-[Chennai Central] SuperFast]Kerala Express/Trivandrum-Chennai Mail/ Trivandrum-Chennai Superfast/Trivandrum-Gorakhpur RaptiSagar Super Fast/Mangala Lakshadweep Express/Shiv Ganga Express/ Bhopal Express/Indore - Jaipur Superfast/Upasana Express/Kumbha Express/Chambal Express/ Mahakoshal Express/ Indore - Nagpur Express/ Indore - Mumbai Central Express/ Bhopal - Rewa Rewanchal Express/ Jabalpur - New Delhi Shridham Express/ Jabalpur - Jaipur Dayodaya Express/Saraighat Express
  1. Jaipur Superfast Express / Tamil Nadu Express/Swaraj Express/Vaishali Express/Prayagraj Express/Andhra Pradesh Express/Samata Express/Rajendranagar Express/Karnataka Express
  2. Coromandal Express/Kalka Mail/Poorva Express/Jnaneshwari Express/Gitanjali Express/Falaknuma Express/Azad Hind Express
  3. Visakhapatnam - Chennai Central Super Fast Express

Non-Stop Superfast Routes[edit]

These Superfast express are not Duronto Expresses, but, like Duronto Expresses, have no intermediate commercial stops and serve as a non-stop connection between the source and the destination station.

There are three of this type:

  1. Indore - Bhopal Non-Stop Express between Indore Junction and Bhopal Junction
  2. Shram Shakti Express runs between Kanpur Central and New Delhi : No Technical or Commercial Stops
  3. Sampoorna Kranti Express runs between Patna and New Delhi : 2 Technical Stops (Mughalsarai and Kanpur Central

Intercity Superfast Routes[edit]

These superfast trains connect two major nearby cities serving commuters and MST Ticket holders. These act as long-distance reserved suburban trains with sitting accommodation. These are quite fast and maintain a high average speed for short distances along with priority over other trains. Some famous Intercity Superfast trains are as follows:

  1. Indore - Hazrat Nizamuddin Intercity Express/ Indore - Bhopal Intercity Express/ Indore - Gwalior Intercity Express/ Indore - Jabalpur Intercity Express/ Indore - Rewa Intercity Express/ Bhopal - Indore Intercity Express/ Bhopal - Gwalior Intercity Express/ Bhopal - Jabalpur Intercity Express/ Bhopal - Damoh Intercity Express/ Jabalpur - Rewa Intercity Express
  2. Deccan Queen Express/Flying Rani Express/Panchvati Express
  3. Gomti Express/Taj Express/Shan-e-Punjab Express/Indrayani Express/Indore Express / Indore - Jodhpur Intercity Express
  4. Tamralipta Express/Lal Bagh Express/Brindavan Express/Karnavati Express
  5. Pinakini Express/Kovai Express/Pragati Express/Vaigai Express/Pallavan Express
  6. Jaipur Indore SF Express/Ranthambore Express/Coimbatore-Mangalore Intercity Superfast Express

Upgraded Superfast Routes[edit]

These Superfast trains were regular Mail/Express trains when inaugurated but have been upgraded to Superfast with time maintenance of 55 km/h (34 mph). Most Overnight Expresses come under this class. Some are as follows:

  1. Chennai Mail
  2. Trivandrum Mail
  3. Charminar Express
  4. Lucknow Mail
  5. Kaifiyat Express
  6. Navjivan Express
  7. Pushpak Express
  8. Avantika Express
  9. Malwa Express
  10. Mahakaushal Express
  11. Dakshin Express
  12. Secunderabad Patna Express
  13. Agniveena Express
  14. Coalfield Express
  15. Shantiniketan Express
  16. Dhauli Express
  17. Danapur Express
  18. Jodhpur Express
  19. Mumbai Mail
  20. Nilachal Express
  21. Asansol Intercity Express
  22. Vibhuti Express

Reinstated Superfast Routes[edit]

These Superfast trains were Superfast when inaugurated and were demoted to the regular Mail/Express category, but have subsequently been regraded as Superfast as a result of their increased speed. Some are as follows:

  1. Punjab Mail
  2. Himgiri Express

Mixed Superfast Routes[edit]

These Superfast trains serve as regular Mail/Express/Passenger/Fast Passenger services near the tail section of their route. The result is a drastic decrease in the overall average speed of these trains. Some are as follows:

  1. Shramjeevi express, Magadh Express, Vikramshila Express: Acts as Passenger between Patna and Rajgir, Islampur, Bhagalpur respectively
  2. Punjab Mail: Acts as regular Mail/Express Service between Mumbai and Firozpur
  3. Sapt Kranti Express: Acts as Fast Passenger Service between Gorakhpur and Muzaffarpur
  4. Chennai-Trivandrum Mail Acts as Fast Passenger Service between Trivandrum and Chennai

Accommodation[edit]

  • Berth:
  1. AC First Class (1A): Lockable Cabin - Coupe (for 2) and Compartment (for 4)
  2. Non-AC First Class (FC): Lockable Cabin - Coupe (for 2) and Compartment (for 4)
  3. AC II Tier (2A): Non Cabin - Compartment (for 4) and Bay (for 2)
  4. AC III Tier (3A): Non Cabin - Compartment (for 6) and Bay (for 2)
  5. III Tier Sleeper (SL): Non Cabin - Compartment (for 6) and Bay (for 2)
  6. Unreserved
  • Sitting:
  1. AC First Class (1ACC): Sitting Push-back Chairs (2×2)
  2. Non-AC First Class (FC): Sitting Push-back Chairs (2×2)
  3. AC Chair Car (CC): Sitting Push-back Chairs (3×2)
  4. Reserved II Sitting (2S): Sitting Non-Push-back Chairs (3×3)
  5. Unreserved II Sitting

See also[edit]

External links[edit]