Superficial anatomy (also called surface anatomy) is the study of the external features of the body. It deals with anatomical features that can be studied by sight, without dissecting an organism. It is a branch of gross anatomy, along with endoscopic and radiological anatomy. Superficial anatomy is a descriptive science. In particular, in the case of human superficial anatomy, these are the form and proportions of the human body and the surface landmarks which correspond to deeper structures hidden from view, both in static pose and in motion. It[which?] is also called "visual anatomy".
In addition, the science of superficial anatomy includes the theories and systems of body proportions and related artistic canons. Studying of superficial anatomy is the basis for depiction of human body in classic art.
Knowledge of the surface anatomy of the thorax (chest) is particularly important because it is one of the areas most frequently subjected to physical examination, like auscultation and percussion. Human female breasts are located on the anterior chest wall, most frequently between the second and sixth rib.
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