Superior, Arizona

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Superior, Arizona
Town
Apache Leap in Superior
Apache Leap in Superior
Location in Pinal County and the state of Arizona
Location in Pinal County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°17′20″N 111°6′14″W / 33.28889°N 111.10389°W / 33.28889; -111.10389Coordinates: 33°17′20″N 111°6′14″W / 33.28889°N 111.10389°W / 33.28889; -111.10389
Country United States
State Arizona
County Pinal
Incorporated 1976
Government
 • Mayor Jayme Valenzuela
Area
 • Total 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km2)
 • Land 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,888 ft (880 m)
Population (2007)[1][2]
 • Total 3,091
 • Density 1,662.1/sq mi (631.6/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85173
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-71300
Website http://www.superior-arizona.com/

Superior (Western Apache: Yooʼ Łigai)[3] is a town in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the town is 3,158.[1]

Such films as U Turn by Oliver Stone, Eight Legged Freaks, How the West Was Won, Blind Justice, The Prophecy, Skinwalkers, The Gauntlet with Clint Eastwood, and Young Billy Young are set in Superior. In 2005, a sci-fi film named The Salena Incident, also called Alien Invasion Arizona, was filmed in Superior.

Geography[edit]

Superior is located at 33°17′20″N 111°6′14″W / 33.28889°N 111.10389°W / 33.28889; -111.10389 (33.288943, -111.103931).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 4,875
1970 4,975 2.1%
1980 4,600 −7.5%
1990 3,468 −24.6%
2000 3,254 −6.2%
source:[5][6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 3,254 people, 1,237 households, and 847 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,684.6 people per square mile (651.0/km²). There were 1,470 housing units at an average density of 761.0 per square mile (294.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.68% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 1.63% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 23.05% from other races, and 1.75% from two or more races. 69.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,237 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,069, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $34,297 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,490. About 22.5% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.

Places of interest[edit]

The riparian (river-associated) area of the Boyce Thompson Arboretum. The Boyce Thompson mansion can be seen at the right.

The Boyce Thompson Arboretum State Park is a 323-acre (1.31 km2) botanical collection that includes a wide range of habitats and a 1.5 mile (2.4 km) walking trail. Founded in 1925, the arboretum is the largest and oldest botanical garden in Arizona.

Climate[edit]

Superior has a hot semi-arid climate. In January, the average high temperature is 61°F (16°C) with a low of 43°F (6°C). In July, the average high temperature is 98°F (37°C) with a low of 76°F (24°C). Annual precipitation is just over 18 inches, but is higher at greater altitudes.[8] Despite its relatively high precipitation due to favourable aspect, Superior is too low for significant snow even in winter.

Climate data for Superior, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
87
(31)
91
(33)
96
(36)
105
(41)
111
(44)
112
(44)
110
(43)
106
(41)
102
(39)
89
(32)
83
(28)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 60.9
(16.1)
64.1
(17.8)
68.5
(20.3)
76.4
(24.7)
86.1
(30.1)
95.6
(35.3)
97.7
(36.5)
95.4
(35.2)
92.3
(33.5)
82.5
(28.1)
69.8
(21)
61.6
(16.4)
79.2
(26.2)
Average low °F (°C) 43.2
(6.2)
45.4
(7.4)
48.2
(9)
54.4
(12.4)
62.7
(17.1)
72.0
(22.2)
75.7
(24.3)
74.2
(23.4)
71.2
(21.8)
62.0
(16.7)
51.1
(10.6)
44.0
(6.7)
58.7
(14.8)
Record low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
20
(−7)
24
(−4)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
51
(11)
59
(15)
61
(16)
50
(10)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
19
(−7)
Rainfall inches (mm) 2.00
(50.8)
1.98
(50.3)
2.02
(51.3)
.80
(20.3)
.34
(8.6)
.26
(6.6)
1.91
(48.5)
2.80
(71.1)
1.48
(37.6)
1.18
(30)
1.41
(35.8)
2.11
(53.6)
18.29
(464.5)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 5 5 5 3 2 1 7 8 4 3 4 5 52
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[8]

See also[edit]

Superior from the air, looking north, 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. Retrieved November 15, 2006. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Arizona". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  3. ^ William J. de Reuse (2006), A Practical Grammar of the San Carlos Apache Language, Lincom Europa 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  6. ^ Census figures for 1960 & 1970 enumerated prior to incorporation.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "SUPERIOR, ARIZONA: Period of Record General Climate Summary". Retrieved 2012-03-28. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Superior, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons