Superior salivary nucleus (or superior salivatory nucleus) of the facial nerve is a visceromotor cranial nerve nucleus located in the pontine tegmentum.
Parasympathetic efferent fibers of the
facial nerve (preganglionic fibers) arise according to some authors from the small cells of the facial nucleus, or according to others from a special nucleus of cells scattered in the reticular formation, dorso-medial to the facial nucleus. This is sometimes called the superior salivatory nucleus.
Some of the
preganglionic fibers travel along the greater petrosal nerve through the pterygoid canal (where they join the postsynaptic fibers of the deep petrosal nerve and are called the Vidian nerve) and synapse in the pterygopalatine ganglion, whereupon the postganglionic, postsynaptic, efferent fibers travel to innervate the lacrimal gland and the mucosal glands of the nose, palate, and pharynx.
Preganglionic parasympathetic fibers are also distributed partly via the
chorda tympani and lingual nerves to the submandibular ganglion, thence by postganglionic (vasodilator) fibers to the submandibular gland and sublingual gland.
The term "lacrimal nucleus" is sometimes used to refer to a portion of the superior salivary nucleus.
See also [ edit ]
Additional images [ edit ]
The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue.
Nuclei of origin of cranial motor nerves schematically represented; lateral view.
References [ edit ]
^ NeuroNames ancil-329
External links [ edit ]
This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy .
terminal ( SN->0)
olfactory ( AON->I)
optic ( LGN->II)
( ON, EWN->III)
trochlear ( TN->IV)
( PSN, TSN, MN, TMN->V)
abducens ( AN->VI)
facial ( FMN, SN, SSN->VII)
( VN, CN->VIII)
( NA, ISN, SN->IX)
( NA, DNVN, SN->X)
accessory ( NA, SAN->XI)
hypoglossal ( HN->XII)