Ice Hockey Superleague
|No. of teams||9 (peak figure)|
|Feeder League(s)||British National League|
|Associated Title(s)||British Championship
Benson & Hedges Cup
|Recent Champions||Sheffield Steelers (2002-03)|
|Most successful club||Sheffield Steelers
2 times winners
The British Ice Hockey Superleague (BISL, also known as the Sekonda Ice Hockey Superleague from 1998–99 for sponsorship reasons) was a professional ice hockey league in the United Kingdom between 1996 and 2003. Formed in 1995, it replaced the Premier Division of the British Hockey League, it was the highest level of ice hockey competition in the United Kingdom. It was disbanded after the 2002-2003 season and replaced by the Elite Ice Hockey League. Unlike its North American counterparts, the Superleague was not divided into conferences; teams competed in a single division.
British ice hockey's structure underwent major reorganisation in 1996. The British Hockey League (the highest senior competition since 1982) was disbanded and replaced by the Ice Hockey Superleague and British National League.
The Ice Hockey Superleague Ltd was established on 1 November 1995 and held its first season in 1996-1997 with eight founding clubs - Ayr Scottish Eagles, Basingstoke Bison, Bracknell Bees, Cardiff Devils, Manchester Storm, Newcastle Cobras Nottingham Panthers and Sheffield Steelers.
Several competitions fell under the jurisdiction of the Superleague. The Superleague ran a total of four competitions: the League, the Play-offs, the Express Cup and the Benson and Hedges Cup. The league consisted of a single division, each team playing three home games and three away games against the other teams in the league. Two points were awarded for a win and one point for an overtime defeat. Overtime consisted of 10 minutes of sudden death. The team that had most points after all fixtures were completed were declared Superleague champions.
After the regular season was complete, the teams would be entered into the play-offs, the winner of which won the British Championship. The teams were entered into two groups, Group A and Group B, each team playing three home games and three away games against the other teams in the group. Two points were awarded for a win and one point for an overtime defeat. Overtime consisted of 10 minutes of sudden death. The top two teams in each group qualified for the semi-finals, which were straight knockout matches. Both the semi finals and final took place over the course of a weekend.
The Superleague was governed by a board of directors who were the owners of the participating teams with Martin Weddell as Chairman. The chief executive Ian Taylor from 1996–02 was replaced by the league's former secretary, Brian Storey in what would be the leagues final season of 2003. A system of promotion and relegation was not operated by the Superleague; teams entered the league on the basis of a decision by the Board of Directors, however the British National league was regarded as the league below the level of the Superleague.
The trophy that was awarded to the winners of the superleague, was called the Ice hockey superleague trophy. It was a silver replica of a George III Monteith Bowl. In the inaugural season, the trophy was taken around the arenas of the superleague teams and publicly displayed on the following dates:
- 21 September 1996 - Bracknell
- 22 September 1996 - Cardiff
- 1 October 1996 - Nottingham
- 5 October 1996 - Sheffield
- 10 October 1996 - Newcastle
- 10 November 1996 - Ayr
- 17 November 1996 - Manchester
- 23 November 1996 - Basingstoke
The trophy itself resembled a Monteith bowl used to cool wine (or punch) glasses that are suspended by their feet through the scallop-edged rim of the bowl. The bowl itself was made of silver, was 14 inches in diameter and 12 inches tall with a mahogany plinth.
In 1998, the Superleague secured a major sponsorship deal with Sekonda. Sekonda remained the title sponsor until 2002, during which time the league was known as the Sekonda Ice Hockey Superleague. During this time, the man of the match awards were presented with a Sekonda watch.
Each month one of the man of the match winners would be selected as the Sekonda Face to Watch. At the end of each season the Sekonda Superleague Player of the Year would be selected from the Sekonda Face to Watch winners by a panel of journalists — except for the season 2001–02 when Sekonda's sponsorship finished part way through the season.
|1998–99||Greg Hadden||Kip Noble||Frank Pietrangelo||Paul Adey||Grant Sjerven||Shayne McCosh|
|1999–00||Ed Courtenay||Mark Cavallin||Tony Hand||Steve Thornton||Rob Stewart||Jimmy Hibbert|
|2000–01||Trevor Robins||Tony Hand||Stevie Lyle||Shayne McCosh||David Longstaff||Joe Cardarelli|
|2001–02||Mark Cadotte||Colin Ward||Scott Allison||—||—||—|
(names in bold won the Sekonda Superleague Player of the Year award)
In December 2002 the Bracknell Bees announced their intention to resign from the league to join the BNL at the end of the season and uncertainty surrounded the future of the London Knights and their London Arena home.
Owing a large debt to Ice Hockey UK and facing the prospect of having only three member clubs, the Superleague put itself into liquidation on 30 April 2003.
Elite ice hockey league
The Elite Ice Hockey League was formed by the remaining three clubs - the Belfast Giants, Nottingham Panthers and Sheffield Steelers - and played their first season on 12 September 2003. The Elite league is seen as the successor league to the Ice Hockey Superleague.
The superleague was formed with eight founding clubs, with nine participating at any one time at its peak. Ten clubs have played in the Superleague.
|Club||Founded||City||Arena(s)||Capacity||Years in BISL|
|Ayr Scottish Eagles*||1996||Ayr||Centrum Arena||2,733||1996–2002|
|Basingstoke Bison*||1988||Basingstoke||Planet Ice Silverdome||2,000||1996–1998|
|Belfast Giants||2000||Belfast||Odyssey Arena||8,300||2000–2003|
|Bracknell Bees*||1987||Bracknell||John Nike Leisuresport Complex||2,400||1996–2003|
|Cardiff Devils*||1986||Cardiff||Cardiff Arena||2,500||1996–2001|
|London Knights||1998||London||London Arena||12,500||1998–2003|
|Manchester Storm*||1995||Manchester||Manchester Evening News Arena||17,245||1995 - 2002†|
|Newcastle Cobras*||1996||Newcastle-upon-Tyne||Telewest Arena||4,500||1996–1998|
|Newcastle Riverkings||1998||Newcastle-upon-Tyne||Telewest Arena||4,500||1998–2000|
|Newcastle Jesters||2000||Newcastle-upon-Tyne||Telewest Arena||4,500||2000–2001|
|Nottingham Panthers*||1946||Nottingham||National Ice Centre||10,000||1996–2003|
|Scottish Eagles||2002||Renfrewshire||Braehead Arena||4,000||2002 - 2003†|
|Sheffield Steelers*||1991||Sheffield||Sheffield Arena||8,500||1996–2003|
* Denotes founding member
† Club folded in the 2002-03 season.
|Season||League||Play-Offs||Challenge Cup||Benson & Hedges Cup|
|1996–97||Cardiff Devils||Sheffield Steelers||Sheffield Steelers||Nottingham Panthers||—||—||Nottingham Panthers||Ayr Scottish Eagles|
|1997–98||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Manchester Storm||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Cardiff Devils||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Bracknell Bees||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Cardiff Devils|
|1998-99||Manchester Storm||Cardiff Devils||Cardiff Devils||Nottingham Panthers||Sheffield Steelers||Nottingham Panthers||Nottingham Panthers||Ayr Scottish Eagles|
|1999-00||Bracknell Bees||Sheffield Steelers||London Knights||Newcastle Riverkings||Sheffield Steelers||Nottingham Panthers||Manchester Storm||London Knights|
|2000-01||Sheffield Steelers||Cardiff Devils||Sheffield Steelers||London Knights||Sheffield Steelers||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Sheffield Steelers||Newcastle Jesters|
|2001-02||Belfast Giants||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Sheffield Steelers||Manchester Storm||Ayr Scottish Eagles||Belfast Giants||—||—|
|2002-03||Sheffield Steelers||Belfast Giants||Belfast Giants||London Knights||Sheffield Steelers||Nottingham Panthers||—||—|
There were two main areas of criticism of the Superleague. It was widely regarded that the league was too reliant on imported players, illustrated by the participation of only four British trained players in the 2003 season. The financial situation of the league was unsustainble partly due to a high salary cap at £400k. Smaller teams such as Bracknell couldn't compete with the larger arena teams who had higher revenues.
- Centrum Area Match Programme (17.10.1996). Ayr Scottish Eagles v Manchester Storm, p14
- Centrum Area Match Programme (17.10.1996). Ayr Scottish Eagles v Manchester Storm, p18
- Centrum Area Match Programme (12.03.1997). Ayr Scottish Eagles v Manchester Storm, p14
- BBC News (2002-04-30). "Change at the top for Superleague". BBC. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- Centrum Area Match Programme (17.10.1996). Ayr Scottish Eagles v Manchester Storm, p4
- AZHockey (2008-12-19). "Sekonda Superleague Player of the Year". azhockey.com. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- BBC News (2001-05-09). "Cardiff loses Superleague status". BBC. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- SportBusiness (2001-10-18). "Newcastle Jesters face expulsion". sportbusiness.com. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- BBC (2002-11-14). "Eagles forced out". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2006-07-02.
- BBC (2003-05-31). "Elite League "will go ahead"". BBC News. Retrieved 2006-07-02.
- BBC (2003-01-27). "GB coach sees bleak future". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- BBC (2002-12-05). "Fear over ice hockey league". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-11-19.