Supply chain security

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Supply chain security refers to efforts to enhance the security of the supply chain, the transport and logistics system for the world's cargo. It combines traditional practices of supply chain management with the security requirements driven by threats such as terrorism, piracy, and theft.

Typical supply chain security activities include:

  • Credentialing of participants in the supply chain
  • Screening and validating of the contents of cargo being shipped
  • Advance notification of the contents to the destination country
  • Ensuring the security of cargo while in-transit via the use of locks and tamper-proof seals
  • Inspecting cargo on entry

Key initiatives[edit]

There are a number of supply chain security initiatives in the United States and abroad, including:

  • The Global Trade Exchange, a DHS data-mining program designed to collect financial information about shipments, with the objective of determining safety of cargo shipments are safe.
  • Efforts for countries around the world to implement and enforce the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code), an agreement of 148 countries that are members of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
  • Pilot initiatives by companies in the private sector to track and monitor the integrity of cargo containers moving around the world using technologies such as RFID and GPS.
  • The International Organization for Standardization have released a series of Standards for the establishment and management of supply chain security. ISO/PAS 28000 Specification for Security Management Systems for the Supply Chain, offers public and private enterprise an international high-level management standard that enables organisations to utilise a globally consistent management approach to applying supply chain security initiatives.

See also[edit]


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