Civic Coalition ARI
|Civic Coalition ARI|
|Headquarters||Av. Rivadavia 1479, C1033AAE, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Membership (2012)||57,597 (6th)|
|Politics of Argentina
Civic Coalition ARI (CC-ARI) (Spanish: Coalición Cívica ARI, until October 2009 known as Support for an Egalitarian Republic (ARI) (Spanish: Afirmación para una República Igualitaria) is a social liberal Argentine political party, founded in 2001 by Elisa Carrió. It is a member of the Civic Coalition with centrist and centre-left parties.
Creation and political representation
The 2001 elections gave ARI 17 of the 257 seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, and one senator. Carrió got a 14.1% share of the vote in the 2003 presidential elections. In the 2005 elections, ARI won eight seats. In the 2007 elections, ARI won the governorship of the deep-south Province of Tierra del Fuego, when Fabiana Rios, an ARI deputy, defeated the pro-government candidate Hugo Cóccaro, on June 24, 2007. Tierra del Fuego is currently (as of 2008) the first and only province ruled by ARI.
In the presidential elections of 2007, Carrió came second, heading the Civic Coalition with Rubén Giustiniani. She obtained about 23% of the vote, coming in a second behind Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. She won the majority vote in two of the three largest cities of Argentina: Buenos Aires and Rosario, but she suffered a larger defeat in Buenos Aires Province, the most populated district, and could not force a run-off election. ARI did however win four Senate seats (2 of the City of Buenos Aires and 2 of Tierra del Fuego) and a considerable number of seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, with further Congress seats for other members of the Coalition.
As part of building a broader coalition ahead of the 2007 elections, Carrió reached out to centre-right figures such as Patricia Bullrich and María Eugenia Estenssoro, who was elected Senator for Buenos Aires. This proved controversial in ARI ranks and some national legislators formed a separate block called the Autonomous ARI in Congress. In May 2008, the block, led by Eduardo Macaluse, announced that they were forming a new party, Solidarity and Equality (Solidaridad e Igualdad - SI). Others who left ARI were Carlos Raimundi, Leonardo Gorbacz, Delia Bisutti, Nélida Belous, Verónica Venas, Emilio García Méndez, Lidia Naim and María América González. Senator María Rosa Díaz also appeared at the launch of SI. Several of the legislators that created the new party had won their seats in the 2007 election as part of the Civic Coalition, which they later opposed. The ARI deputies from Tierra del Fuego sit with the SI members in a separate block in the Chamber of Deputies. Subsequently Senators María Rosa Díaz and José Carlos Martínez left ARI altogether in March 2009.
In October 2009, the official name was changed into Partido Coalición Cívica para la Afirmación de una República Igualitaria (Civic Coalition Party for the Support of an Egalitarian Republic). Usually it is shortened to Coalición Cívica ARI (Civic Coalition ARI).
- Estadística de Afiliados, Primer Semestre 2012, Registro Nacional de Afiliados a los Partidos Políticos, Cámara Nacional Electoral.
- Clarín, 29 October 2007. Cristina Kirchner conserva casi 22 puntos de diferencia sobre Carrió.
- Página/12, 29 October 2007. Kirchner, presidenta con "A" final.
- El ARI Autónomo mutó a Solidaridad e Igualdad SI, parlamentario.com, 18 May 2008.
- Dígale SI al nuevo partido opositor, Página/12, 18 May 2008.
- Two opposition Senators side with the Government on eve of crucial vote to anticipate mid-term elections, Telam news agency, 25 March 2009.
- Senate votes today on early election, Buenos Aires Herald, 26 March 2009.