The skull from the front. ("Supraorbital foramen"
is top caption for right side white-box.)
Frontal bone. Outer surface. ("Supraorbital notch
or foramen" labeled at lower right arch.)
|Anatomical terms of bone|
The supraorbital foramen arches transversely below the superciliary arches and is the upper part of the margin of the orbit, thin and prominent in its lateral two-thirds, rounded in its medial third, and presenting, at the junction of these two portions, the supraorbital notch or foramen for the supraorbital nerve and vessels (supraorbital artery and supraorbital vein.)
The Supraorbital notch is a small groove at superior and medial margin of the orbit in the frontal bone. The supraorbital nerve passes through this notch prior to dividing into superficial and deep components that provide sensory innervation to the ipsilateral forehead. The supraorbital nerve is a branch of the frontal nerve arising from the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V). The foramen sits on the inmost, lower margin of a grove splitting the supraorbital ridge into a central and two distal sections.
In vivo, it is often covered with connective tissue to form a supraorbital foramen.
- Knize DM. A study of the supraorbital nerve. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995;96:564–569.
- Bhupendra, P. "Forehead anatomy". Medscape references. Medscape. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Anatomy figure: 22:02-01 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center (from a distance)
- Anatomy photo:29:os-0504 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center (close up)
- Supraorbital+foramen at eMedicine Dictionary
- Anatomy diagram: 34256.000-1 at Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, Elsevier
- Diagram at upstate.edu
- Diagram at csuchico.edu
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