Supreme Council – Reconstituent Seimas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Supreme Council of Lithuania" redirects here. For the communist-controlled legislature of the Lithuanian SSR, see Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR.
Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania[1]
Lietuvos Respublikos Aukščiausioji Taryba
 Lithuania
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established 1990
Disbanded 1992 (new constitution adopted)
Preceded by Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR
Succeeded by Seimas
Elections
Last election
1990
Meeting place
Vilnius

The Supreme Council – Restoration Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (officially known as Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania),[1] was the supreme governing body, elected in 1990. The first meeting was held in 10 March 1990, the last – 11 November 1992.

Powers[edit]

As outlined in the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania (1990), the Supreme Council had the following powers:[1]

  • to adopt the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania and amend it
  • to call for elections for deputies throughout the Republic of Lithuania and to confirm the composition of the Electoral Commission of the Republic
  • to approve drafts of the basic programmes of economic and social development of the Republic of Lithuania; approval of budget
  • to regulate property relations of in the Republic
  • to interpret the laws of the Republic of Lithuania
  • to form state bodies accountable to the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania; to establish the systems of the procuracy, the Courts and other judicial bodies of the Republic of Lithuania
  • to elect Chairman and Vice-chairmans, and Secretary of the Supreme Council
  • to elect the Supreme Court of Lithuania and judges of regional and city courts, to appoint the Procurator-General of the Republic of Lithuania;
  • to hold regular hearings, to receive reports by institutions established and elected by the Supreme Council, with the exception of the Supreme Court of Lithuania
  • when necessary, to issue nonconfidence votes by secret ballot regarding the Executive Branch of the Republic of Lithuania and other institutions formed by the Supreme Council or regarding any of their members, with the exception of the Supreme Court of Lithuania
  • to establish appropriate measures to guarantee state security and public order
  • to reapportion the administrative-territorial structure of the Republic of Lithuania
  • to change the names and status of administrative-territorial units
  • to consider matters relating to the foreign policy of the Republic of Lithuania; to ratify and renounce international treaties of the Republic
  • to establish state awards of the Republic of Lithuania
  • to adopt a decision to hold referendum
  • to issue acts of amnesty
  • to repeal directives and decrees of the Executive Branch, as well as decisions of regional councils and municipal councils of the Republic if they conflict with existing legislation
  • to resolve other significant issues of state

Political activity[edit]

From the outset, the work of the Supreme Council in 11 March 1990, Lithuania adopted the Reconstruction Act and the Provisional Basic Law. On March 12, the Supreme Council adopted Resolution, that declared USSR universal military service law of 12 October 1967, invalid within the Republic of Lithuania. The Council also nationalized all the assets of the USSR, that were located in Lithuania. But just three days later, on 15 March, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies adopted a resolution, in which restoration of the independence of the Republic of Lithuania was declared null and void. Congress passed this resolution with 1,463 people's deputies voted for, 98 voted against and 128 abstentions.

Economic blockade has suspended the country's economic growth and the foreign states would not recognize the independence of Lithuania. But on 6 September 1991, after failed 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, the Soviet federal government has officially recognised independence of Lithuania and other Baltic states, and lifted blockade.

Chairman[edit]

Name Period
Vytautas Landsbergis March 11, 1990–November 25, 1992

Deputy Chairmen[edit]

Name Period
Bronislovas Juozas Kuzmickas March 11, 1990–November 25,1992
Kazimieras Motieka March 11–November 25, 1992
Česlovas Vytautas Stankevičius March 11, 1990–November 25, 1992

References[edit]