Supreme Council for National Reconstruction

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Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
Republic of Korea.
대한민국
국가 재건 최고위원회
Military dictatorship

1961–1963
Flag of South Korea. Emblem of South Korea
Flag Emblem
South Korea in Green.
Capital Seoul
Languages Korean
Government Military junta Under an Authoritarian Conservatist-Nationalist Corporatist Ruler (1963-1980)
Chairman of the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
 -  1961 Chang Do-yong
 -  1961-1963 Park Chung-hee
Legislature National Assembly suspended
Historical era Cold War
 -  May 16th coup 16 May 1961
 -  Establishment of the Third Republic of South Korea 17 December 1963
Currency South Korean won
Today part of  South Korea
Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
Hangul 국가재건최고회의
Hanja
Revised Romanization Gukga Jaegeon Choego Hoe-ui
McCune–Reischauer Kukka Chaekǒn Ch'oego Hoeǔi
Part of a series on the
History of South Korea
Emblem of South Korea
USAMGIK 1945–1948
First Republic 1948–1960
Second Republic 1960–1961
Junta 1961–1963
Third Republic 1963–1972
Fourth Republic 1972–1981
Fifth Republic 1981–1987
Sixth Republic 1987–present
Portal icon South Korea portal

The Supreme Council for National Reconstruction, initially named the Military Revolutionary Committee, was a military junta that oversaw the government of South Korea from May 16, 1961 until the inauguration of the Third Republic of South Korea in 1963. It was composed largely of military officers who were involved in or supportive of the May 16 coup which overthrew the Second Republic of South Korea. The council was chaired initially by Chang Do-yong, and subsequently by Park Chung-hee. The president of the Second Republic, Yun Po-sun, stayed in office as a figurehead.

Key events[edit]

A military coup led by Major General (later Lieutenant General/General) Park Chung-hee on May 16, 1961 put an effective end to the Second Republic. Park was one of a group of military leaders who had been pushing for the de-politicization of the military. Dissatisfied with the cleanup measures undertaken by the Second Republic, they chose to take matters into their own hands.

The military leaders promised to return the government to a democratic system as soon as possible. On December 2, 1962, a referendum was held on returning to a presidential system of rule, which was allegedly passed with a 78% majority.[1] Park and the other military leaders pledged not to run for office in the next elections. However, Park ran for president anyway, winning narrowly in the election of 1963.[1]

Economy[edit]

The Supreme Council was the first South Korean government to introduce economic planning. The first South Korean five-year plan was inaugurated in 1962. Although the Second Republic had laid the groundwork for such plans, it had not been able to put them into practice.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yonhap (2004, p. 271).

References[edit]

  • Yonhap News Agency (2004). Korea Annual 2004. Seoul: Author. ISBN 89-7433-070-9.