Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia

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Supreme Court of Justice Colombia
PalacioDeJusticia2004-7-9Bogota.jpg
Palace of Justice
Established 1986
Country Colombia
Location Bogotá
Coordinates 04°35′56.4″N 74°04′31.8″W / 4.599000°N 74.075500°W / 4.599000; -74.075500
Composition method Nominated by the Superior Council of the Judiciary, elected by the Supreme Court of Justice.
Authorized by Constitution of Colombia
Judge term length non-renewable 8 years
Number of positions 23, by statute
Website www.cortesuprema.gov.co
President of the Supreme Court of Justice
Currently Luís Gabriel Miranda Buelvas
Since 23 January 2014
Vice President of the Supreme Court of Justice
Currently José Leonidas Bustos Martínez
Since 23 January 2014

The Supreme Court of Colombia (Spanish: Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia) in Bogotá is the highest judicial body in civil and penal matters and issues of criminal and civil procedure in Colombia. The Supreme Court of Colombia is not the highest authority in regard to the interpretation of administrative law, constitutional law, and the administration of the judiciary.[citation needed]

The court consists of twenty three magistrates, elected by the same institution in list conformed by the Superior Council of the Judiciary for individual terms of eight years. The court meets at the Palace of Justice in the Bolívar Square of Bogota.

History[edit]

After the Colombian first declaration of independence from Spain on 20 July 1810, a number of independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia (1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and Cundinamarca (1812) were established. Each State had its own body in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when these States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva Granada (United Provinces of New Granada), on 23 September 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High Tribunal of Justice) was established. In 1819, the Republic of Colombia (the Gran Colombia) was born. A Court was created according to the provisions its Constitution of 30 August 1821, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice). In 1830, the Gran Colombia was dissolved and the Republic of New Granada was formed. As per the provisions of its Constitution of 29 February 1832, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) was established. On 20 May 1853, it became the Corte Suprema de la Nación (Supreme Court of the Nation). In 1858, the Grenadine Confederation was founded. On adoption of its Constitution of 22 May 1858, the Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) became the body in charge of the administration of justice. In 1863, the Grenadine Confederation was replaced by the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia). On adoption of its Constitution of 8 May 1863, the Corte Suprema Federal (Supreme Federal Court) was established. Finally, after the establishment of the República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) and on adoption of its Constitution of August 4, 1886, the body was renamed as the present, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) on 3 September 1886. Its first President was Rito Antonio Martínez.

In 1985 in the Palace of Justice siege, members of the M-19 guerrilla group took over the Palace of Justice, and held the Supreme Court hostage, intending to put President Belisario Betancur on trial. Hours later, after a military raid, the incident left all the rebels and 11 of the 25 Supreme Court Justices dead.

Current Magistrates[edit]

Civil and Agrarian Cassation Chamber[edit]

  • Margarita Cabello Blanco
  • Ruth Marina Díaz Rueda
  • Álvaro Fernando García Restrepo
  • Fernando Giraldo Gutierrez
  • Luís Armando Tolosa Villabona
  • Jesús Vall de Ruten Ruiz
  • Ariel E. Salazar Ramirez

Labor Cassation Chamber[edit]

  • Clara Cecilia Dueñas Quevedo
  • Elsy del Pilar Cuello Calderón
  • Gustavo Hernando Lopéz Algarra
  • Jorge Mauricio Burgos Ruiz
  • Carlos Ernesto Molina Monsalveh
  • Rigoberto Echeverri Bueno
  • Luis Gabriel Miranda Buelvas

Penal Cassation Chamber[edit]

    • Fernando Alberto Castro Caballero
    • Luís Guillermo Salazar Otero
    • Eugenio Fernández Carlier
    • José Leonidas Bustos Martínez
    • Patricia Salazar Cuéllar
    • Maria del Rosario González Muñoz
    • José Luis Barceló Camacho
    • Gustavo Enrique Malo Fernández
    • Eyder Patiño Cabrera

References[edit]

External links[edit]