Supreme Court of Iraq

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Supreme Court of Iraq
المحكمة العليا
Seal of the Iraqi Supreme Court.png
Established 2005
Country Iraq
Location Baghdad
Authorized by Iraqi Constitution
Website iraqja.iq
Chief Justice of Iraq
Currently Medhat al-Mahmoud
Since 30 March 2005

The Supreme Court of Iraq (Arabic: المحكمة العليا‎, Al-Mahkamah al-‘Ulyā) is the independent judicial body of Iraq that interprets the constitution and determines the constitutionality of laws and regulations. It acts as a final court of appeals, settles disputes amongst or between the federal government and the regions and governorates, municipalities, and local administrations, and settles accusations directed against the President, the Prime Minister and the Ministers. It also ratifies the final results of the general elections for the Council of Representatives.[1]

History[edit]

In February 2013, the Justice and Accountability Committee, also known as the De-Baathification Committee, decided to remove Chief Justice Medhat al-Mahmoud. Al-Mahmoud then filed a successful appeal to the cassation panel, which on 19 February 2013 failed to find any strong evidence of ties to Saddam Hussein and rejected al-Mahmoud's dismissal.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of Iraq, Section 3, Chapter 3, Article 90
  2. ^ Sinan Salaheddin. "Iraq Panel Clears Senior Judge Over Saddam Ties". Associated Press. Retrieved 19 February 2013.