Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation

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The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (Spanish: Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (SCJN) is the highest federal court in the United Mexican States. It consists of a President of the Supreme Court (Chief Justice) and ten Ministers (Associate Justices) who are confirmed by the Senate from a list proposed by the President of the Republic.

Justices of the SCJN are appointed for 15 years.[1] From among their number, the justices elect the President of the Court to serve a four-year period; a given justice may serve more than one term as president, but not in consecutive periods.

Supreme Court building[edit]

The Supreme Court building

The court itself is located just off the main plaza of Mexico City on the corners of Pino Suarez and Carranza Streets. It was built between 1935 and 1941 by Antonio Muñoz Garcia. Prior to the Conquest, this site was reserved for the ritual known as "Dance of the Flyers" which is still practiced today in Papantla. Hernán Cortés claimed the property after the Conquest and its ownership was in dispute during much of the colonial period with Cortes' heirs, the city government, and the Royal and Pontifical University all claiming rights. It was also the site of a very large market known as El Volador.[2]

The interior of the building contains four panels painted in 1941 by José Clemente Orozco, two of which are named "The Social Labor Movement" and "National Wealth." There is also one mural done by American artist George Biddle entitled "War and Peace" at the entrance to the library.[2] The building also contains a mural by Rafael Cauduro, which "graphically illustrates the Gran Guignol of Mexican torture",[3] and includes a depiction of the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre as well as "a cut-away of a prison, perhaps the infamous Lecumberri Black Palace where the student leaders who escaped death were jailed."[3]

While this building is still the main home of the Court, an alternative site on Avenida Revolución was established in 2002.[4]

Current composition[edit]

Title Name Born Appt. By Senate Conf. vote Age at appt. Elected /
Length of service
Chief Justice Silva Meza, Juan N.Juan N. Silva Meza September 13, 1944
(age 70)
in Mexico City
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 50 January 26, 1995
19 years, 10 months
Justice Aguirre Anguiano, Sergio SalvadorSergio Salvador Aguirre Anguiano February 1, 1943
(age 71)
in Guadalajara, Jalisco
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 51 January 26, 1995
19 years, 10 months
Justice Sánchez Cordero, OlgaOlga Sánchez Cordero 1955
in Mexico City
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 40 January 26, 1995
19 years, 10 months
Justice Ortiz Mayagoitia, Guillermo IberioGuillermo Iberio Ortiz Mayagoitia February 10, 1941
(age 73)
in Misantla, Veracruz
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 53 October 27, 1995
19 years, 1 month
Justice Cossío Díaz, José RamónJosé Ramón Cossío Díaz December 26, 1960
(age 53)
in Mexico City
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 84 42 December 12, 2003
11 years
Justice Luna Ramos, MargaritaMargarita Luna Ramos January 4, 1956
(age 58)
in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 83 48 February 19, 2004
10 years, 10 months
Justice Franco González Salas, José FernandoJosé Fernando Franco González Salas December 4, 1950
(age 64)
in Mexico City
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 94 56 December 12, 2006
8 years
Justice Aguilar Morales, Luis MaríaLuis María Aguilar Morales November 4, 1949
(age 65)
in Mexico City
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 91 60 December 1, 2009
5 years
Justice Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea, ArturoArturo Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea August 9, 1959
(age 55)
in Querétaro, Querétaro
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 90 50 December 1, 2009
5 years
Justice Pardo Rebolledo, Jorge MarioJorge Mario Pardo Rebolledo February 1, 1961
(age 53)
in Xalapa, Veracruz
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 91 50 February 10, 2011
3 years, 10 months

There is one vacancy resulting from the death of Sergio Armando Valls on December 3, 2014.

Chief Justices[edit]

The following have held the position of Chief Justice ("Presidente de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:

Associate Justices (Minister)[edit]

The following have held the position of Associate Justice ("Ministro de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación") under the 1917 Constitution:

  • 1917–1919:
  • 1919–1920:
  • 1920–1922:
  • 1922–1923:
  • 1923–1924:
  • 1924–1925:
  • 1925–1927:
  • 1927–1928:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article 94 Mexican Constitution
  2. ^ a b Galindo, Carmen; Magdalena Galindo (2002). Mexico City Historic Center. Mexico City: Ediciones Nueva Guia. p. 60. ISBN 968-5437-29-7. 
  3. ^ a b John Ross, CounterPunch, 16 July 2010, In the Basement of Mexican Justice, No One is Innocent
  4. ^ "¿Qué es la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación y dónde se ubica?" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-03-24. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°25′52.01″N 99°7′55.58″W / 19.4311139°N 99.1321056°W / 19.4311139; -99.1321056